Hypertrichosis in men and women, pictures, treatment, what is it
It can be congenital or acquired, shared and limited. Photo Pruthviraj Patil from India and Sasuphan Supatra from Thailand who suffer from congenital hypertrichosis common.
But so might look limited hypertrichosis.
Depending on gender, age, ethnicity signs of pathology may be the most harmless manifestations. For example, the presence of embryonic hairs on the body of the newborn in the first days after birth is the norm, here the preservation of these hair after two or three months after giving birth – a sign.
The presence of hair on the lower legs for adult women it is a normal phenomenon, which may indicate a problem in a child who has not yet entered into puberty. For Mediterranean women to have hair on the thighs is normal, but for Asian women this is a clear sign of hypertrichosis.
Also features are fused at the bridge of the nose eyebrows. This symptom is often found in blood relatives.
- Local effects on the skin.
Any manipulations that increase blood flow to the skin and stimulate the activity of hair follicles, can cause increased growth of hair. Examples of such effects can be:
- thermal procedures (paraffin, using percovich plasters, mustard plasters, etc.);
- the use of ointments containing corticosteroids;
- shaving and pulling of hair, especially on the face;
- the disease is accompanied by chronic inflammation of the skin;
- long-term physical effects on the skin (massage, cryotherapy, skin irritation plaster splint, etc.);
- the formation of scars on the site of the injury.
- Hormonal changes.
Here the reason for development of excessive body hair growth may become:
- disease of the endocrine system (ovaries, pituitary gland, adrenal glands, pineal gland, thyroid gland);
- hormonal changes during pregnancy and menopause;
- hormonal medications.
In any of these cases, the hypertrichosis in women be distinguished from hirsutism and virilization accompanying him. It is the task of the gynecologist and endocrinologist.
- Diseases of the nervous system.
Hypertrichosis is one of the required symptoms for a number of diseases. For example, nezareatmene the spinal canal (spinal dysraphia) may be accompanied by the appearance in the lumbar region of the beam pigmented, silky hair up to 10 cm in the sternum often accompanies diseases such as neurofibromatosis. Pathology can precede the appearance of brain tumors, epilepsy, anorexia nervosa, prolonged fasting, acute or chronic stress.
Acquired lanugo hypertrichosis may develop for several months before it revealed the tumor. In most cases the hair can begin to grow suddenly, sometimes within one night. And the growth rate can be incredible and reach 2.5 cm in a week.
Also, it can be observed all over the body. Vellus hair in men can start to grow on the head, even where for many years was bald. But the newly regrown hair is different from regular weak pigmentation and less rigidity.
The reason for the development can become anti-convulsants, which are used for the treatment of epilepsy, ciclosporin, diazoxide, Minoxidil, psoralen and other drugs. In most cases, if you cancel the drug disappears and excess body hair.
But since these drugs are used in most cases for the treatment of serious diseases, then abandon their reception is not always possible. Then the alternative is laser or electrolysis.
- A genetic mutation.
Under the influence of a number of factors, the mutation of genes that lead to its development, appears and fixed the child at the stage of fetal development. Alter genetic structure can some diseases of the mother that she can take in the first trimester of pregnancy.
This means that hypertrichosis may appear spontaneously in the genus, heredity of the parents do not matter. In the future, people can transmit it to their children, and sometimes grandchildren. But already in the second generation, the probability of having children with this minimum. The knowledge of how inherited disease, suggests that in the family he is not fixed.
- Hairy nevi.
Share congenital nevi and melanosis of Becker’s, which often develops in adulthood. Both entities covered in plenty of hair. The hair can be as thin discolored and pigmented.
Diagnosis of causes of development
Considering how many reasons can lead to the development of excess body hair, examination of the patient hypertrichosis is a challenging task.
To establish the etiology (origin) of the disease is necessary:
- consult a dermatologist, endocrinologist, gynecologist (for women), the oncologist and neurologist (if necessary);
- to donate blood to determine hormone levels;
- to hold a series of instrumental examinations (x-ray, MRI, CT, ultrasound) for signs of cancer.
From doctors required a flexible approach to establish the presence of excessive body hair. And if hirsutism in men makes us representatives of a strong half of mankind to seek medical help only in really serious cases, women can be very subjective to treat the issue of their excessive hair growth.
Video: girl monkey
Treatment of excessive body hair growth
If the survey fails to establish the reason which caused the abundant growth of hair the patient, that all forces should be directed to the elimination of this cause. Then, usually, hair growth is normalized independently.
Symptomatic treatment in women is more complicated than men’s, which often the body hair is not a problem. This is not to use such methods to remove vegetation as shaving, hair removal with wax or sugar paste. You can only use those methods that destroy the hair follicle.
Girls and boys hold hardware procedures hair removal is impossible because of their age, because the method of lightening hair with 3% hydrogen peroxide, and removing them with the help of enzyme creams for hair removal.
Even after unwanted vegetation is removed from the body, all patients with hirsutism should avoid heat treatments, excessive sun exposure, various beauty masks, body wraps and any other influences that can trigger the growth of new hair in places where it is not wanted.