Phenol peeling — what is it, reviews, prices, photos before and after, at home

This is quite an interesting substance, having a large number of both supporters and opponents. In itself it is toxic, but it also has several unique properties that can successfully fight against deep wrinkles.

The composition of the solution, which is used in phenol peels also include other substances:

  • glycerin;
  • propylene glycol;
  • calming oil;
  • distilled water.

The essence of the procedure

Before peeling, the patient is prescribed a course of antiherpetic drugs. This is necessary in order to exclude the possibility of awakening the virus and exacerbation of the disease. The procedure is carried out in a hospital and lasts from thirty minutes to two hours. For uses local or General anesthesia, as the procedure is quite painful.

To get the desired result, the following algorithm is used:

  1. Be given local or General anesthesia.
  2. Specialist rubbing the skin with a special sponge and degreasers.
  3. Next, the skin is dried and treated with alcohol.
  4. The basic solution is applied in layers: first, a phenol solution, and then the silicon film, and then an oily gel. All these components react with each other, why the skin is carefully planned chemical burn.
  5. Neutralization with a mask film.
  6. The application of sunscreen.

The rate of application of phenol

Important questions are: what happens to this substance when ingested, and how he deduced from it? As mentioned above, phenol is toxic, moreover, it breaks down into components, so it is important to remember that it needs to be deactivated and eliminated from the patient’s body.

Initially, it enters the intestine and breaks down into two components, and then absorbed into the liver, where the body is modified into harmless and soluble in water connection.

Then it is excreted from the body by the kidneys. Thanks to such «recycling», he can not stay long in the body and affect internal organs. Accordingly, the lower the phenol is used in the procedure, the less it gets into the body.

The area of treated skin

Because it is absorbed into the patient’s body through the skin, its concentration is determined by which quantity was applied mortar. Important area treated area.

Today, specialists recommend surface phenol peeling and resort to deep, in exceptional cases, and for good reason. For example, fast treatment with 2% phenol may lead to death, as the body will get too much of this substance and the internal organs simply can not cope with its processing.

The conducted research suggests that it must be applied extremely slow, moreover, it is desirable to be processed not the whole face, and some (the most problematic) areas of the skin. In this use, it ceases to be toxic and has no harmful effects on the body.

Video: Chemical peel

The individual characteristics of the organism and the presence of internal diseases

Another important point that must be considered before undergoing the peeling, are the individual characteristics of the organism and the internal organs, especially the liver, kidneys and heart. Exactly the enzyme systems ensure the removal of phenol from the body and if they do not cope with their work in «normal mode», the load they can not sustain.

Before carrying out should go to all the doctors, to make the necessary tests and to ensure low risk to health.

The types of peels

Depending on the concentration of phenol in the product, the following types of peeling:

  • medium surface (with the use of 3% carbolic acid);
  • median phenol peeling (using 25% carbolic acid);
  • deep (with use of 35% carbolic acid).

Since phenol is a toxic substance, phenolic deep exfoliation recognize a surgical procedure that requires thorough and careful approach from both the physician and the patient.

Deep phenol peeling is performed only after a thorough medical examination: kidneys, cardiovascular system, liver and other internal organs. It affects all layers of the epidermis, so it is most often used on small areas of the skin.

Video: Types of peels for the face


Indications are the following factors:

  • the presence of age-related changes: deep folds and wrinkles;
  • pronounced hyperpigmentation;
  • scarring;
  • photoaging;
  • the need to restore after the surgical intervention;
  • sagging skin;
  • loss of elasticity;
  • melkomorschinisty type of aging of the skin;
  • the incidence of demodicosis;
  • severe acne.


Contraindications include the following factors:

  • age less than 18 years of age;
  • pregnancy and lactation;
  • the presence of burns;
  • exacerbation of herpes;
  • the presence of severe diseases of internal organs;
  • diabetes mellitus;
  • individual intolerance to the components included in the solution;
  • the presence of skin diseases;
  • the period of menstruation;
  • the presence of mental illness;
  • pathology of the thyroid gland;
  • infectious diseases;
  • SARS, colds, fever;
  • a strong tan;
  • fungal disease;
  • injury in the treatment area;
  • hypertrichosis;
  • the tendency to scarring;
  • age more than 60 years.

The pros and cons

Among the indisputable advantages the following:

  • control application;
  • the presence of a pronounced effect;
  • the result, continuing for ten years;
  • a one-time procedure.

The disadvantages include the following:

  • the presence of a large number of contraindications;
  • a long rehabilitation period;
  • the necessity of serious preparation;
  • painful procedure;
  • the provision of a load on the cardiovascular and excretory systems of the body;
  • the use of anesthesia or General anesthesia;
  • the risk of complications.

The process of preparing

Process pre-peeling preparation is as follows:

  1. Medical examination of the heart, kidneys and liver.
  2. Skin treatment nearby bleaches for five to seven weeks.
  3. The intake of antioxidants for two to three weeks.
  4. Discontinuation of retinoids for six months before peeling.
  5. The termination of such procedures, as depilation, shaving, mechanical cleaning for ten to fourteen days prior to the procedure.
  6. The cessation of the laser treatments six months before peeling.
  7. Notify the doctor about any existing allergic reactions and medication.
  8. Exception sun for three months to three months.

Video: About chemical peels

The rehabilitation period

After peeling, the patient experiences a palpable sense of burning and pain, so often prescribed painkillers. In the first days it is necessary to exclude the possibility of getting water on the skin, as it enhances the action of phenol and contributes to the uncontrolled burn. For this reason, it is recommended to take water only through a straw and refrain from brushing your teeth.

On the second day removed the mask, and with it gone and dead skin cells. While exposing the bright red surface, contact with water, which is not permissible. In addition, the skin begins to form a compressible cork, due to which a doctor is assigned to external application of medicines against burns – panthenol.

To remove the crust, as it can lead to the formation of scars, scars or hyperpigmentation.

Full recovery after surface peeling occurs within two weeks. Since that time, the patient can begin again to be in society, however, the full ageing process of the skin will occur not earlier than in a year. Redness goes after about two months.

In the rehabilitation period, gives the following recommendations:

  • the rejection of this tan and Solarium;
  • welcome bleaches;
  • the application of moisturizers and sunscreens;
  • taking antioxidants;
  • intake of vitamins A and C.

Side effects

Among the possible complications of phenol peels are the following:

  • the occurrence of cardiac arrhythmia;
  • the occurrence of renal failure;
  • third-degree burns;
  • the decline of the immune system;
  • the emergence of viral, infectious and fungal diseases;
  • allergic reactions;
  • exacerbation of herpes;
  • getting hyperpigmentation;
  • scarring;
  • the visual appearance of the boundaries between treated and untreated areas of the skin;
  • the loss of the ability to produce pigment;
  • the increased sensitivity of the skin;
  • soft tissue swelling;
  • aggravation of skin diseases;
  • erythema of the face;
  • the appearance of hyperkeratosis;
  • the expansion of pores.


The results of phenol peels are the following:

  • the normalization of the functioning of the skin;
  • facial rejuvenation;
  • the improvement of the skin structure;
  • eliminate age spots;
  • the elimination of deep wrinkles, eliminate scars;
  • improving overall skin tone.

The prices of phenol peeling

The average cost of the procedure is as follows:

Chemical peels Price, RUB.
Surface 3 000
Median 12 000
Deep 25 000

Frequently asked questions

Is it possible to do at home?

No, in any case. Phenolic peels can be performed only by a qualified professional in a hospital. Must be observed all precautions and eliminated all risks of severe complications.

What is the main advantage, and when to choose it?

The main advantage of this procedure is the durability of the result. Unlike other peels and cosmetic procedures, phenol peeling has the effect of ten years. To make it to forty years doesn’t make much sense, as it eliminates deep wrinkles and severe signs of aging.

Photos displayed after peeling, scare a lot of people. Whether to decide on this procedure?

Actually, the picture shows the formed crust mixed with the previously applied mask. The whole mixture goes in a week or two and there is only a slight redness that disappears within two months, so frightening images seem only from the outside.

What about the pain?

Yes, they can actually be present, but they are fairly easy to resolve with painkillers.

How is it different from surgery? The traditional surgical intervention move and drape of the face fabric, changing its configuration, however, does not change or age the skin nor the real age of the person. When you peel the layer of dead skin cells is completely removed and the skin is almost completely re — «Matures».

The before and after photos

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