Scars after mammoplasty seams, scars, how to remove
During regeneration of the tissues after any surgical intervention, the skin scarring. The exception is breast implants.
After the carried out breast surgery scars may be localized in one of three areas:
- under the Breasts;
- around the nipples.
The choice of incision depends on the physiological characteristics of the patient. How noticeable will the scar depends on the location and size of the cut.
Incision technique for mammoplasty
Here are the main types of access:
- the inframammary fold;
When a circumareolar access made a circular incision at the border of the pigmented skin of the nipple and white skin.
The excess tissue are removed and the incision is connected by seams. This method allows six months the scars become virtually invisible. It is used in small excess skin.
Minus a circumareolar access is the risk of loss of nipple sensitivity. But in most cases she returns a few months after the operation.
Axillary access consists of making incision in the axilla. The incision is localized at the rear edge border of the pectoralis major muscle.
The priority of this method is the ability to hide seams and the resulting scars in the armpit.
The disadvantages of the method include the inaccessibility and the risk of open bleeding. Axillary mastopexy is contraindicated in breast asymmetry and if necessary, offset the submammary fold.
Submammary access involves an incision along the contour of the natural curve of the crease under the breast. Using this method, the seam practically invisible.
In addition, the inframammary method is the most simple and safe.
Transareolar access is a transverse section of the areola — the pigmented skin of the nipple. This method is considered the most unsafe and traumatic.
The advantage is the invisibility of the seams on the pigmented tissue.
The appearance of the area of the skin where it overlapped the seams, largely depends on the technique used and the skill of the surgeon. To become minimally noticeable, the patient should follow the doctor’s instructions.
What are the stitches used in this operation
When performing mammoplasty using one of the following methods:
- cosmetic seam;
- produce fixation of the incision using a surgical staple gun, resembling a stapler.
Modern approaches to surgery to allow you to use a special glue, after which the scars are almost invisible.
Is it possible to make an invisible seam
Seams can be made less noticeable, but the scars after mammoplasty will remain in any case.
Completely get rid of them will not work.
Modern cosmetology offers patients many ways to minimize scars.
After mammoplasty the resulting scars are usually thin and barely visible. If you experience any postoperative problems produced rough and noticeable scars.
- normal scars;
- the keloid.
Normotroficheskie scars are a part of your body that much lighter than surrounding tissue.
They are not on top of the skin and supple to the touch. To get rid of them will peel or microdermabrasion.
Hypertrophic scars protrude above the skin and have a pink color. Eliminate them with the help of surgery.
Effective methods are laser resurfacing, peels or microdermabrasion.
Keloid scars are the most complicated and are not amenable to surgical removal, because of possible relapse. Remove them with the help of injections with hormonal drugs.
In some places the scars are left
When accelerom the context of place formation scars are the armpits. After some time the scar blends with the axillary fold and becomes hard to read.
The inframammary method leaves scars after mammoplasty in the crease under the breast.
Circumareolar access leaves inconspicuous scars around the areola.
What determines the visibility of the effects of the operation
The visibility of the scar depends on the technique used and the expert’s qualifications.
If the patient after the operation will follow all the advice of a doctor, the risk of formation of rough and visible seams are minimized.
How to remove scars after mammoplasty
For getting rid of stitches after breast surgery, the application of these protivorechivyh ointments, as «Contractubex» or «Mederma» is not enough.
To remove scars after surgery allow:
- laser resurfacing;
- beauty treatments.
The most loyal method is a procedure carried out with the help of a peeling fruit acids. This method smooths and reduces scars.
This happens due to the fact that organic acids stimulate the production of collagen.
Chemical peels used to treat keloid and hypertrophic scars. Carry out procedures after full recovery period (12 months).
Skin polishing or microdermabrasion is performed using a microcrystalline powder of aluminum oxide. This method is not effective for old scars.
Cosmetic treatments with retinol and fruit acids give good results if the scars are not old.
Treatment are held throughout the year, then scarring is almost no trace.
In order to minimize the postoperative course, the patient needs to strictly follow your doctor’s instructions for skin care.
After the operation you must wear compression underwear that makes the scars more supple.
In addition, plastic surgeons recommend the use of a bandage or silicone bandage. They help to make the scars are thin and barely noticeable.
You can apply the silicone patches which are glued open sores. With regular wear, they significantly narrow the resulting scars.
To avoid visible scars, should be regularly applied to the seams of a cream containing cortisone («Contractubex», «Mederma», «Dermatix»).
They help to make scars smoother and contribute to their reduction in size. To use the funds only after the formed crust at the incision will completely disappear, and the scar will become lighter.
Otherwise it may lead to the formation of scar larger.
In the rehabilitation period required intake of vitamin E. It prevents the formation of fibrous tissue around the implant.
Reduce scars and help the massage places were cut.
Physical load on the shoulder belt and carrying weights more than 3 kg is not allowed during the first three months after mammoplasty. Scar tissue needs to get stronger. This will help to reduce the risk of increased scar.
For three weeks the patient is forbidden to take a bath.
After each hygiene is necessary to apply moisturizing cream and lotion with hydrolyzed proteins to the area where the seams are.
They help retain moisture in the skin become more elastic.
When you need to go to the doctor
The appearance of the scar moist with produce liquid yellow or white in color, you should immediately consult the doctor who performed the procedure.
If you do not take appropriate measures, there is a high risk of infection of the joints, which will lead to the formation of rough scars.
Not seldom it happens that the internal scar pushes to the surface a piece of thread. In this case, it is best to contact the surgeon who correctly cut the thread and treated with antiseptics.
If this is not done, there is a risk of infection and suppuration of the joints.
Suture after mammoplasty is quite common.
They are treated with antiseptic drugs:
- hydrogen peroxide;
- solution of potassium permanganate, etc.
But if open sores are quite large, and the skin around them is red, you will need medical help and consult a doctor.
Postoperative scar may remain pronounced throughout the year.
With all the recommendations over a period it is replaced by a pink shade for a brighter and becomes similar in color with the adjacent tissues.