Stage of cellulite — how to determine 4, 3, first
Cellulite called changed as a consequence of disturbed metabolism of fat tissue. Disease develops only in women, as fat cells in the female body more. «Orange peel» is formed, usually on the thighs, the legs, the butt, is not as harmless as it may seem, and requires treatment.
The first stage of cellulite can see your practical every female after the ripening of the skin, that is, after 20 years. The less predisposing to the development of disease factors, the later starts a serious pathological changes in the structure of adipose tissue.
The effect of «orange peel» due to the violation of microcirculation of blood and lymph in the subcutaneous fat layer.
The causes of cellulite formation are a few:
- lack of exercise and the habit of sitting leg to leg, leading to stagnation of blood and lymph;
- wearing shoes with heels and tight, tight clothes. The fact that a high heel forces you to transfer body weight on socks and tight jeans pull together the body. Both disrupts blood flow, causes swelling, and triggers the formation of cellulite;
- regular consumption of alcoholic beverages, leading to edema;
- Smoking adversely affects all body systems, especially the heart and blood vessels;
- hormonal changes in the body or violation of the synthesis of female sex hormones;
improper diet with a predominance of fatty or too salty, spicy foods;
- significant fluctuations in weight;
- chronic stress.
Direct relationship between stressful conditions and regeneration of adipose tissue can not be traced. However, stress affects the hormonal status, causing physiological changes in a woman’s body.
The mechanism of development
Due to disturbed blood circulation of the liquid excreted from the body properly and in the end begins to seep through the cell membranes into the tissues.
There is a strong swelling – the main reason for the formation of cellulite bumps.
To provoke puffiness may be a violation of water-salt metabolism. Fat cell absorbs water, swells and deforms. Permanent swelling under the skin causes the accumulation of modified adipose tissue.
Over time, the cellulite becomes more noticeable, visually appearing as a clear, obvious dents and bumps on the skin that really looked like a orange peel.
In the human body for the processes of accumulation of adipose tissue respond to alpha-receptors, and the breakdown of fat cells beta – receptors. In women, the first group of receptors is concentrated mainly in the hips and abdomen. That is why the appearance of cellulite often occur is on the legs, buttocks, and waist.
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How to determine the stage of cellulite
As in any disease, the development of cellulite passes through several stages, with corresponding symptoms.
It is important to understand how far along in the process to have time to react to changes-that is, to choose a suitable method of treatment.
At each stage the clinical picture is changing, and ways of influencing the subcutaneous fat layer are different. If at first a woman may cope with the problem alone (if you pay attention to it), then in the later stages require serious treatment.
To discern the origin of the disease in the young, and sometimes at a very young age.
The first stage is characterized by the following features:
- compression of the skin in the problem area leads to a slight change in skin pattern. Appear light, almost invisible tubercles, which are without pressure do not noticeable;
- sometimes there is a slight swelling, which is manifested by a characteristic discoloration of the skin;
- unpleasant or painful sensations do not occur;
- visually, the skin remains smooth, smooth, preserves the natural pink color.
At this stage already begins a pathological process of deformation of fat cells due to the accumulation of fluid. Metabolic processes in them, first slow and then violated. Experiencing chronic stagnation of body fluids (lymph and blood), although the final stage is still far. It may take years before the first symptoms will be replaced by more precise picture of the disease.
In the first stage, the woman herself can successfully fight cellulite.
The main task is to stimulate limfoidnye, blood circulation, metabolism and to withdraw from the subcutaneous space of stagnant liquid, i.e. to reduce swelling.
You can do it yourself. Will help hard scrubbing, anticellulitis massage, exercise, sauna, cupping (vacuum).
There is a perception that the first stage of cellulite is the norm for the physiology of women. Its body is configured for bearing a child, but because the accumulation of adipose tissue in pregnancy and breastfeeding of course. In any case worried in the first place, but you need to monitor the situation and take preventive measures.
In the second stage, the bumps on the skin are manifested visually: they can be distinguished without special pressure. Swelling becomes more pronounced, respectively condenses the subcutaneous adipose tissue.
When the voltage of the muscles of the thighs, abdomen, legs, small, but clearly structured tubercles appear easily without special compression.
The output of the liquid is slowed down even more, it accumulates in the adipose cell, and pressure to subcutaneous tissues increases. The veins are compressed, the lymph flow slows down, blood flow is impaired.
The manifestation of the second stage the following:
- skin feels soft, rough;
- bumps without squeezing it, almost not visible, but a careful study of the skin hints of «orange peel»;
- compression of the skin in the problem area making cellulite clear.
At the second stage of the disease to defeat him harder. Will have to work in a complex, hard and long, and the change of habits, addictions and lifestyle is necessary.
The penultimate stage 3 is clearly evident:
- bumps and dents visually noticeable even at a glance;
- sometimes the hips are distinguishable capillary mesh, attached the skin a cyanotic tint;
- when pressed, exude a pronounced fat fraction, easily palpable nodes;
- the skin, devoid of vitality and natural healthy color.
At this stage, the veins and arteries, literally flattened misshapen fat cells are not able to run properly. Tissues are not supplied with oxygen, as expected, the amount of nutrients in the subcutaneous space tends to zero. In the result the connective tissue degenerates, the volume of lipocytes (fat cells) is further increased, and a membrane partition between them thicken.
Soldering, fusion of the fat cells with each other leads to the clear localization of cellulite. If you touch the skin, it will cool to the touch due to poor blood supply.
Another characteristic of this stage is a symptom – a violation of sensitivity in the affected area. The skin becomes insensitive.
Stage 4 cellulite – final.
It is characterized by the following symptoms:
- changes the color of the skin, even in the sun tans the skin remains pale;
- to the touch it is unpleasant, unnaturally cold and hard;
- in case of accidental injury wounds and scratches heal slowly;
- lumps of fat become very large and visible all the time when compression of the muscles change shape, and depression among fat depots deepen;
- in particularly complex cases, the surface of the skin scarring;
- swelling remains permanently.
It is important that any pressure on the affected area painful. In some cases, the final stage can end with death of tissue, especially if there is persistent bluish color, and pain.
When you need to see a specialist
The exacerbation of the clinical symptoms is reason to seek medical attention. If cellulite is left untreated, chronic circulatory disorders of the normal circulation of lymph and blood will not only increase the rate of formation of subcutaneous fat, but also lead to the rupture of blood vessels and gradual tissue death.
The woman needs to carefully monitor the condition of the skin in problem areas – i.e. where the concentration of alpha-receptors is maximal.
In the first two stages of visual diagnostics is enough: if external changes are absent or slight, ordinary skin care with the mandatory inclusion in the program of exfoliating, moisturizing, relaxing massage.
With the preventive purpose it is necessary to ensure proper nutrition and to prevent stagnation of fluids – blood and lymph.
Physical activity, elimination of bad habits, a healthy diet with restriction of salt, fat, sugar, chemicals, will warn the profound degeneration of adipose tissue. The basis of the diet should be fresh vegetables, dairy products, fruits, light protein foods.
If the disease passed into the third stage, appeal to the doctor necessarily. This may be a dermatologist or cosmetologist with sufficient experience.
Consultation will help to establish the direction of the treatment, to Orient on the methods of struggle with cellulite.
In the third stage, it is quite difficult, but not impossible.
In the transition of cellulite in the fourth stage the patient is in need of serious medical care. The problem of the category of cosmetic goes into the category of dangerous to health. Pain and the danger of necrosis, reduce the quality of life and threaten the health.
So you need to be is important to consult not only the dermatologist but also the gynecologist and endocrinologist.
It is important to have hormone therapy.
Due the normalization of the synthesis of hormones and metabolic processes to connect other methods of getting rid of cellulite:
- hardware methods,
- anti-cellulite massage
- peels and wraps.
Timely correct assessment of skin condition will help to avoid costly long-term treatment of cellulite.
Photo: Before and after