All about abdominal ultrasound at women


The study (ultrasound) of the abdominal cavity is a simple and safe procedure for the evaluation of the size and condition of internal organs. Such diagnostics allows you to collect the most extensive information in a short period of time. To do ultrasound even pregnant and during menstruation, and, as many times as deemed necessary by the physician.

Timely detection of changes in the abdominal cavity and pelvic organs, helps to prevent serious deformities and health problems. Therefore, every woman should be attentive to the requirements of the attending physician and undergo regular ultrasound. Often the procedure prescribed for assessment of the gallbladder, spleen, pancreas gland, liver, and other organs.

In cases when the patient complains of feeling, as detected on ultrasound abnormalities are not directly related to these complaints, additionally it is examination of the pelvic organs, retroperitoneal cavity, kidneys and abdominal vessels. All body systems are subjected to a complex inspection as many times as is necessary for the doctor to gather information. This approach enables to detect the source of the problem and take the necessary steps to eliminate it.

It is important to remember that ultrasound of the pelvic and abdominal cavity should be done once a year, even a healthy woman. If there are complaints, the procedure can be repeated as often as it sees fit specialist. It is not harmful to the body and absolutely painless.

When is abdominal ultrasound?

This type of research, is the most popular and one of the most important tools in modern medicine. To do an ultrasound at the women and during menstruation and even in the early stages of pregnancy. In addition to the annual planned medical examination, this procedure is recommended in the following cases:

  • dragging pain in the abdomen, especially in the upper part;
  • a feeling of heaviness in the right hypochondrium;
  • the feeling of bitterness in the mouth, worse in morning;
  • frequent flatulence;
  • sharp pain in the abdomen.

The patient is sent for urgent examination (ultrasound) and in case of suspicion on the following pathologies:

  • anomalies of the liver;
  • gallstone disease;
  • cholecystitis;
  • anomalies of development of organs;
  • pancreatitis of any shape (acute, chronic);
  • aortic aneurysm (abdominal Department);
  • tumor;
  • to estimate the prevalence of tumors (if any);
  • hepatitis.

Examination in women systems of the abdominal cavity and small pelvis organs can often to and during treatment, to assess its results. Such monitoring of the effectiveness of the selected treatment method should be done regularly, even during menstruation. Ultrasonography shows the different characteristics of the body’s systems and helps make them correct assessment for a small period of time.

Patients should not forget about the fact that diseases are easier to adjust at the initial stage of development, and to do an ultrasound is safe for all without exception. So no matter how many times you have not been sent for examination, should obey the doctor’s decision and not challenge it.

Preparation for the procedure

To ultrasound results were consistent with the actual state of Affairs, the procedure should be properly prepared. We must remember that excessive flatulence in the intestine prevents visualization of internal organs. This means that the result obtained will not give a complete picture of the condition of the system and the internal parts of the body located in the abdominal cavity and in the area of the pelvis.

To ultrasound results were high quality, you need 3 days before the test to remove from the diet the following foods:

  • fruits and vegetables;
  • cabbage in any form;
  • beverages containing gas;
  • juice natural;
  • milk and dairy products;
  • wholemeal bread (rye and white);
  • cakes and sweet pastries;
  • legumes (peas, chickpeas, beans, beans, mash);
  • peanuts.

If the patient complains of flatulence, 4-5 days before the procedure, it should take chelators, such as Drops or Activated carbon. 6 hours before the ultrasound do not eat. You should also refrain from Smoking, which triggers involuntary contractions of the gall bladder (its walls). If such reductions are possible wrong diagnosis.

It is considered unacceptable to hold this diagnosis immediately after gastrofibroscopy and colonoscopy. The fact that these procedures contribute into the intestinal region of the air, which significantly complicates the visualization. But during menstruation ultrasound can be done and, if necessary, even often.

Account should be taken of the fact that ultrasound diagnosis of the abdomen and pelvis is a large – scale survey bodies, on the basis of which the diagnosis is made and treatment. To prepare for it responsibly. This will allow you to avoid serious health problems.


At the time of diagnosis need to lie down on the couch and completely relax. Must lie in the «back». The doctor puts on the patient’s abdomen with a special gel that facilitates the work with ultrasonic sensor, so with him in office should get a towel. This gel fills the space between the skin and the device, removing the air layer and providing ultrasonic waves penetration into the depth of tissues.

The presence of menstruation does not affect the procedure. During menses, as well as in their absence, this method shows the same result. During the study, at the request of the doctor, a few times you will need to briefly hold your breath. Diagnosis is performed in real time, giving you to the end of the study, the most accurate result. Thus, for 20-30 minutes in the ultrasound examination, you can get the full information about working of all internal organs of the patient.

READ  How long can the EGD procedure?