Bowel ultrasound: how to do?
Ultrasound helps the doctor to put a correct diagnosis. An ultrasound is a diagnostic method by which you can detect:
- appendicitis and other inflammatory processes in the intestinal wall;
- diverticula, a diverticulum of the mucosa of the intestine;
- the presence of foreign objects, obstruction;
- malignant and benign tumors;
- other pathological changes of internal organs.
Abdominal ultrasound has no contraindications, it is completely safe study even for pregnant women. In that case, if you want to specify the data assigned to the MRI. Often the two methods complement each other, to form a more complete clinical picture and do ultrasound, and MRI. Examination of the digestive system is made for the appointment of a proctologist and the gastroenterologist. Urgently to detect appendicitis, ultrasound is used as a more accessible method. Physician can help to determine what is best to use in each case.
Diet aimed at preventing flatulence and indigestion. Before the study can be used in a neutral and easy to digest meals, steamed vegetables, lean meats. What medicines do intestines work better?
- Sorbents: Enterosgel, Filtrum or activated carbon.
- Enzymes: Mezim, Festal.
If there is constipation, take a laxative or do an enema the day before the study. 24 hours before the examination can not eat food, heavy to digest:
- farinaceous dishes;
To completely abstain from food better 10 hours before the ultrasound. Most often the study is done after emptying the bladder, but on the recommendation of a doctor and possibly study on a full bladder.
Ultrasound and MRI of the intestines, what is the difference?
Examination of the bowel can be performed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or ultrasound. Between the two diagnostic events there is a big difference, which often do not know patients:
- when you want to quickly to determine the pathology, for example, appendicitis, ultrasound is used;
- when you need to thoroughly examine the bowel, used MRI.
The principle of ultrasound? The probe emits ultrasound, which is partially reflected from the surface of internal organs. Thanks to a special lens can be performed ultrasound examination of the intestine at different depths. A receiver sensor captures the reflected waves, and on the basis of these data the doctor receives information:
- on the density, shape and structure of the body;
- about the presence of pathological deviations from the norm.
Ultrasound serves as an important data source for diagnosis, though always supplemented by other analyses.
How is ultrasound of the bowel?
Abdominal ultrasound is usually done for 20-40 minutes, quick and painless. The patient lies on a couch, and the doctor holds the transducer over the surface of the abdomen. To gauge slid better before the procedure, the skin smeared with a special gel. The gel is hypoallergenic, does not cause irritation and helps the sensor more tightly against the skin. The procedure is performed adults and children with no restrictions and contraindications. Ultrasound examination of the abdomen can be played repeatedly, no harm to health it causes.
Ultrasound for appendicitis
For urgent examinations, for example, appendicitis, uses x-rays or ultrasound. For ultrasound of the Appendix do not need special training, in an emergency, you can simply do the research. As revealed appendicitis?
- The doctor dosed pressure with the transducer on the area of the Appendix.
- Bowel loops are moved apart, the image becomes clearer;
- Examined the Appendix and the omentum;
- The increase in echogenicity and diameter in cross section of the Appendix more than 7 mm suggests appendicitis.
The term echogenicity refers to the ability to reflect ultrasound. That is, for appendicitis the Appendix becomes more dense, stronger reflects the ultrasound. The obtained results are complemented by the General clinical analysis of blood and urine. Based on the aggregate data, the physicians conclude whether emergency surgery. Before the surgery the patient is taken bowel movements.