Colonoscopy bowel: if it hurts or not without anesthesia?
Examination of the colon using endoscopic methods of research always associated in patients with unpleasant sensations. Despite the fact that colonoscopy is performed mostly with pain management, many patients continue to abandon this effective method of inspection because of possible pain. So does it hurt to do a colonoscopy? That would accurately answer this question it is necessary to understand the essence of this method, indications and contraindications for its use, and in situations when the use of anesthesia is recommended and when you can do without anesthesia.
A description of the method
The study is carried out using a special endoscope – a small device in the form of a tube that is inserted into the intestine through the rectum. When this physician gets the opportunity to visually assess the condition of the mucous membrane of the body and carry out some simple manipulations, such as biopsy, removal of polyps, etc.
Many patients wonder, it hurts to colonoscopy intestines? Indeed, colonoscopy is to some extent painful. Doctors prefer to do a colonoscopy of the intestine with the use of anesthesia or painkillers. Pain, discomfort and a feeling of heaviness can result from inflating the bowel with air, especially in the excessive smoothing of the mucosa. The diameter and flexibility of the colonoscope also of significance. In addition, against the background of fear can occur spasms of the muscular shell of the body. This also leads to pain.
Painkillers and drugs are used:
- To prevent patient pain with the introduction of the colonoscope.
- If the man has comorbidities or there is commissural process in the abdominal cavity.
- In childhood colonoscopy is performed only under anesthesia, as the child, in most cases, are not aware of the necessity of the procedure and may impede its implementation.
That helps to avoid pain?
An important parameter defining a painless procedure is the experience of the specialist performing the endoscopy. In each case, the coloproctologist must make a decision about the use of any pain medication or giving anesthesia. In addition, colonoscopy should be carried out on modern equipment with the small diameter of the probe and not causing significant pain or other negative feelings.
If the examinee lowered pain threshold, it is necessary to decide the question of his medical training to study. It is important to convey to the people the progress and feasibility of the planned survey. Good contact between the treating doctor and patient will increase the credibility of the expert and reduce the psychological tension of the patient.
Methods of anesthesia
Today analgesia during colonoscopy uses three basic methods:
- The local anaesthetics.
- Sedation of the patient.
- The use of anesthesia.
Before using any method of pain relief you should consult with your doctor.
The main method of anesthesia – application of local anesthetics. This procedure you need to spend time in 5-10 minutes before the main survey. Usually, this is done using a special wax that allows you to provide local anesthesia during the colonoscopy.
Popularity in USA, Europe and now in Russia, is gaining a method of sedation, based on the use of drugs that cause a state close to sleep. In this case the patient does not feel pain, and not experiencing fear, anxiety and other negative emotions.
The use of anesthesia is shown to children under the age of 12, and when the patient has a low pain threshold or destructive changes of internal organs. Anesthesia eliminates pain during the examination in suffering patients. However, in connection with the use of anesthesia requires monitoring of the patient and after the procedure. In all other cases, it is best to abandon the use of this kind of pain relief.
So, to summarize the answer to the question: «does it Hurt to colonoscopy intestines?». Colonoscopy painful with the wrong selection of anesthetic drugs, the abuse of the procedure, as well as the lack of preparation of the patient for it. Competent physician and endoscopist must decide the tactics of conducting the patient and to determine the best method of pain relief. Such approach allows to get rid of the discomfort and pain during the execution of the survey.