Diet after colonoscopy bowel: what you can eat diet menu
Colonoscopy is a method of diagnostics of a condition of the colon and the colon. In the process of its implementation the doctor uses a special probe. To get the most accurate figures on the walls of the intestine, it is necessary to observe the weekly diet before the procedure, and last day to completely refuse to eat. Thus, after the diagnosis of the gut is almost empty and to avoid complications it is important to conduct proper recovery of the intestine after a colonoscopy.
The importance of proper diet after the procedure
In preparation for a colonoscopy, the patient follows a strict diet and doing a colon cleanse with special preparations. In addition, during the procedure, the intestinal wall are exposed to injury due to the penetration of the foreign object. All these actions weaken the tissue of the gut, which is manifested by such effects as:
Diet after a colonoscopy needs to be designed to support the intestines during the recovery period.
It is based on principles that ensure the most gentle to the gut diet and, at the same time, full to the body.
- Food needs to be easily digested.
- The preferred cooking procedure is the same as before diagnosis – steam, cooking, baking.
- In the diet after a colonoscopy the bowel must respect the meal. It will not allow to overload his food with the masses and will prevent constipation. The receive frequency must be at least 6-7 times a day.
- Should be done small in size food portions (as to not overload the intestines).
- To completely eliminate the use of alcoholic beverages, as the intestinal wall in this period is very vulnerable.
What products to exclude?
As the diet after a colonoscopy aims to support the intestine in the period before his full recovery, it is necessary to eliminate from the diet all fried, fatty, spicy and heavy foods and products. Under the ban are sausages and smoked, all kinds of canning (including canned fruits and vegetables). It is impossible to eat cereals and meals that are made from krupnozernovaya cultures.
At the time of the diet you need to forget about cakes, biscuits, cakes and pastries. They can cause increased formation of gas and cause the development of inflammation in the intestine. The bread in the first 2-3 days is also better not to eat, and in the following days to start with products containing bran.
What can I eat?
What can you eat after a colonoscopy bowel, not too depends on the procedure was carried out under General anesthesia or local anesthesia. The only difference is that after General anesthesia, the patient is still some time in the hospital and after the local – goes home after an hour and a half after diagnosis. In the first case, to take food only after complete recovery from anesthesia (or maybe vomiting). Until that point, allowed to drink a small amount of plain water.
During the first day after the diagnosis of the rectum should be eaten a vegetable or meat broth. As the body needs strength to recover, you can drink vitamin drinks, fresh juices. With solid food better to wait, but if you really want to eat, you are allowed boiled egg soufflé meat or fish.
Vegetables and fruits contribute to the activation of the intestine and are a source of vitamins and minerals, so necessary in the recovery period.
However in raw it is better not to use it. For 2-3 days after your colonoscopy you need to eat steamed food, providing gentle digestion.
You have to remember that all meals that you can eat after a colonoscopy should not be fried or fatty. The requirement for low-fat, as meat, fish and dairy products, which can also be administered in the diet in the first days after diagnosis. This may include: yogurt, kefir, sour cream and others. You need to eat often, once the volume of food eaten should not exceed 200 ml.
The restoration of intestinal microflora
After bowel cleansing prior to diagnostic inspection of the rectum we can say that the micro-flora in it is practically absent. To prevent the occurrence of dysbiosis should be immediately taken for its recovery. Funds intended for this purpose, will recommend the doctor.
To populate and maintain the microorganisms of the intestine, as a rule, used probiotics and prebiotics.
However, to facilitate the normalization of the microflora can not only drugs. The inclusion in the menu dairy products with low fat content will also help the intestines to quickly restore its function. In addition to the kefir and yogurt can eat cheese, sour cream, to drink fermented baked milk, acidophilus and other dairy drinks.
Features stool after a colonoscopy
The more responsibly people will react to the healthy diet after a colonoscopy, the less it will have problems with the chair in the future. Usually the first diagnosis after the act of defecation takes place after 2-4 days. This depends on the products, volume of fluid intake, physical activity, individual metabolism.
Do not run for a laxative or to put a clyster, if the chair is not restored by 4-5 day. If no discomfort occurs, and the food meets the condition, then you just need to wait. Otherwise, it’s best to consult a doctor, because self-selection of the laxative preparation can result in even worse consequences (such funds have a different mechanism of action).
Quite often, many patients think that the intestines will recover on their own, and after the colonoscopy going for it, forgetting about the diet. The result is severe constipation. Such as when the injured intestine is very dangerous. It can cause infection of the intestinal wall and cause bleeding. To prevent constipation, drink plenty of plain water, at least 2 liters a day (in addition to fruit drinks, fruit drinks, soups and other liquids). To prevent stagnation of feces and will help frequent smaller meals.
Possible unpleasant consequences
Among the possible side effects of diagnostic procedures the most common effects are bloating and increased gas formation. These unpleasant things are caused by the process of diagnosis, which provides a smoothing of the intestinal wall with the help of air. Experts recommend in this case to drink activated charcoal, diluted with plain water.
Recovery after a colonoscopy with regulatory power, according to various estimates, should be done from 2-3 days to weeks. Usually products that can and can not eat after the diagnosis of the rectum, called the doctor. Due to the nature of underlying disease, given the fact that the patient underwent a colonoscopy in diverticular disease, in different cases, the recommendations will differ.
In addition to the nutrition you need to keep in lifestyle. It is impossible in this period to physically exert himself, you want to limit sports training, weight lifting. In addition, after the diagnosis of the rectum is contraindicated administration of drugs that promote blood thinners (e.g., aspirin).