How to do ultrasound during pregnancy — types of research


Pregnancy for women is a practical science which requires not only meticulous approach, but also the specific skills needed in the future for pregnancy and birth. To understand fully the degree of responsibility imposed on a woman, she should know in advance how to conduct the ultrasound characteristics and procedure details, not to hurt the baby and your body.

Ultrasound — a procedure which can be performed as a complementary element in a planned monitoring of the mother for 10-12 weeks of pregnancy and at 20-22 and 30-32 weeks. In that case, if the pregnancy is in the normal range and does not cause pronounced discomfort, do ultrasound 3 times during the whole period of carrying a child. When there is concern for the health of the mother, the fetus or the risks of development of pathologies of the child, diagnosis is made more than three times over the period. After each ultrasound, a doctor issued a Protocol which is then transmitted to the supervising physician overseeing the pregnancy of a woman.

One of the most common types of endovaginal ultrasound diagnostics include a transvaginal ultrasound. Painless introduction of a special sensor in the vagina will help a specialist to do an ultrasound of the uterus, cervix ovaries and fallopian tubes. Transvaginal ultrasound is appointed for greater reliability and informativeness of diagnosis, because by means of the sensor, the doctor can get much closer to the studied organs. In addition, transvaginal ultrasound appoint in such cases:

  • sharp and constant pain in the abdomen;
  • during routine gynecological examination, if the doctor is not enough information to establish the diagnosis;
  • diagnosis of uterine or ectopic pregnancy in the early stages;
  • bleeding outside of menstruation and during pregnancy.

With the help of transvaginal sonography diagnosed these types of diseases:

  • fibroids or uterine fibroids;
  • endometriosis;
  • ovarian cyst;
  • hydrosalpinges or pyosalpinx (fluid or pus in the fallopian tubes);
  • polycystic disease, polyps and other diseases of the ovaries;
  • pathology and abnormal development of the fetus;
  • cancerous growths.
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Transvaginal ultrasound is performed on the principle of a pelvic examination with the use of a couch or gynecological chair. For vaginal studies on the sensor is put on a tight condom, over which is applied a special gel lubricant that the woman had not experienced discomfort in the vagina tool. When conducting a vaginal examination a patient is not experiencing pain, at that time,Cordura introduced gradually moves the sensor up or down to obtain a complete picture of the diagnosis.

For transvaginal ultrasound, the woman is not subjected to special training, but in the case of flatulence, doctors recommend taking two teaspoons (80 mg) of Espumisan hour before the test. The drug is contraindicated in hypersensitivity or intestinal obstruction. In rare cases, cause an allergic reaction.

In the early stages of pregnancy should consult a doctor before taking any medications. In addition, it should be remembered that sex immediately before the procedure vaginal studies is not recommended. This is because the vagina can stay seminal fluid or lubricant, complicating diagnosis. The period of abstinence for up to 72 hours.

Second and additional ultrasound

At the second routine ultrasound, which is carried out at 20-22 weeks,it is possible to determine abnormalities of the limbs of the fetus and to eliminate the risks associated with global birth defects. The doctor can examine the arms and legs of the fetus in detail, as the internal organs (heart,kidneys, brain). In addition, the specialist determines the amount of amniotic fluid, the internal structure of the placenta, and the condition of the cervix, tone the uterus, which can affect the flow of the generic process. The second ultrasound examination is done to establish the sex of the child.

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When it’s 30-32 week of pregnancy, the woman attends the third ultrasound, by which is determined the position of the baby in the uterus, determined the presence of discovered pathologies and also determines the location of the placenta in the uterus. In the early stages of pregnancy will not be revealed what is possible to see in this study, for example, heart disease or congestive heart failure. As an additional diagnostic Doppler ultrasound is carried out, by which you can set the speed of the blood flow in the vessels of the uterus, fetus and umbilical cord. With the use of this type of ultrasound, it is easier to determine how quickly and in enough volume do the nutrients in the baby’s body.

In the last weeks of pregnancy the expectant mother is prescribed repeated ultrasound examination, which can be used to set the location of the fetus to the exit, to evaluate the weight of the child and to develop a strategy for when patrimonial activity.

Preparation for the procedure

Know how the ultrasound goes, you need to properly prepare for it and understand what it is. Before to get on reception to the doctor, you should enroll and prepare for the procedure a wide towel, on which you can lie down during the diagnostics, and after it to remove any residue from the surface of the abdomen.

During the procedure, the doctor frees the stomach from superfluous clothing and causes the gel to improve the patency of the ultrasonic beams. In that case, if women have the first ultrasound is performed early in pregnancy, it is better for the day before the procedure take a shower with warm running water. In addition, half an hour before the start of the session to drink 0,5-0,8 l of liquid (pure water) to a water-filled bladder gave a good opportunity to view the uterus and fetus. It would be better to drink a glass of still water at the time when the patient is in a medical facility.

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It is important before the procedure for a few days to release the intestines from the accumulated gases or the extra content. Recommended to avoid consumption of contribute to gas production or flatulence foods such as cabbage, black bread, seeds, nuts, beans or grapes. You can cleanse the body, while doing it with the use of soft and at the same time, nutritious foods to fully prepare the body for the ultrasound procedure.

In any of the proposed options should heed the advice of a specialist and not ignore the recommendations of doctors, because each case as pregnancy is individual situation that requires an appropriate approach.