How to prepare for colposcopy?

 

Colposcopy is a method of examination of female genitals using a special device – colposcope. To get the maximum amount of information about the condition of the genital organs preparing for a colposcopy and additional tests are necessary stages of the study.

According to testimony, the doctor may prescribe the classical method of examination using a colposcope or advanced. The latter gives more information and allows you to conduct a series of tests to assess the condition of the mucosa.

Before the colposcopy special training there. However, the survey is delayed if the patient’s menstruation. Not suitable for colposcopia the middle of the menstrual cycle, as during this period the cervix accumulate a lot of mucus.

The best time to conduct a survey on the eve of menstruation or a few days after them.

Preparation for the procedure is simple and is as follows:

  • two days before examination you should refrain from intimacy;
  • do not use tampons the day before the date of diagnosis;
  • you can’t do douching.

On the day of the procedure you must come to the doctor, taking a gasket. If you are afraid of infection – take the diaper that lay on the chair.

The procedure

Colposcopy is carried out as well as other gynecological examination chair. Thus introduced into the vagina special mirror that exposes the cervix. Then to the vulva moves the colposcope, which allows to study in detail the wall of the genital organs. This procedure takes no more than ten minutes. When it detects abnormalities, the doctor can take pieces of tissue for biopsy.

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Colposcopy is carried out as virgins, like other women. However, not every virgin is shown. It is not carried out by those girls whose hymen has a solid form. If the gyno see hymen of this form, which will allow for the examination with the help of a small mirror, the girl can arrange a viewing. In other cases, the gynecologist should inform the patient about the difficulty of inspection because of the hymen.

According to testimony, the doctor may conduct a simple colposcopy with examination of the genital mucosa. In order to do this, anesthesia is not necessary. During the examination, the doctor can get quite extensive information about the condition of the walls of the vagina, the initial division of the uterine cervix. He sees the color of the mucosa, the surface of the border tissue, the presence of discontinuities. During the examination he may take tissue for biopsy and to inspect secretions.

Sometimes the patient needs to undertake an enhanced method of colcoscopy. It involves the inspection of the genital mucosa after treatment with a three-percent vinegar. In the result of exposure to chemicals appears staining of the mucosa. This leads to the clear indication of all existing abnormalities on the surface of the cervix.

The next stage of the examination is the treatment we examine the surface with Lugol’s solution. It helps to determine if there are precancerous changes in the cells. The results of the examination, the doctor takes tissue for a biopsy.

Sometimes the doctor may prescribe the procedure to patients with candidiasis. However, it should be done when fungal infection only in cases of emergency, and usually with a yeast infection a woman colposcopically not examined. You should carry out treatment of the disease.

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After diagnosis

A woman should know not only how to prepare for your colposcopy, but what to do after it.

If the study was not taken tissue for biopsy, the sex life can be restored in the day of the procedure. Sometimes after a diagnosis, you may experience slight bleeding. It usually lasts no more than three days. In this case, the woman should refrain from sexual intercourse, douching and medicines as long as the bleeding does not stop.

Many people ask what can I do if after examination the bleeding does not stop more than three days. In this case, you need to urgently see a doctor.

Contraindications

Serious contraindications to the study does not exist. It is prescribed to pregnant women in the first eight weeks after childbirth, after surgical interventions on the genitals. However, diagnosis cannot be done for people suffering from intolerance to vinegar. It is also worth to tell the doctor about the menstrual cycle that the diagnostic occurred in the period of menstruation.

Diagnosis of pathologies of the reproductive system is a quick procedure to accurately determine the pathology and to see its location, damage degree and to decide which method of treatment should be carried out.

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