How to prepare for ultrasound during pregnancy: is it possible to have?
When a woman comes to the gynecologist about the pregnancy, she is placed on the ultrasound. This diagnostic information and harmless method of collecting data about the health of the female reproductive system – uterus, ovaries of the mother, the urinary system – kidneys, ureters, bladder, and fetal development. In the study emitted by the sensor waves travel through the organs and tissues, and through this, come back. Because internal organs have different density, they reflect these waves. After processing by the device collected data, the monitor displays information.
The first ultrasound is commonly done either to determine pregnancy, either for 10-14 weeks. If a woman complains of feeling, you can assign a diagnosis at any time. This survey allows for you to quickly obtain complete data about the condition of the internal organs of the female, presence of pregnancy and fetal development. When it relates to safe medical procedures.
The reasons of ultrasonography in early first trimester of pregnancy:
- the definition of pregnancy;
- clarification of the duration of pregnancy in patients with irregular cycles;
- when there is suspected pathology;
- if in the past there have been miscarriages;
- in chronic diseases of the kidneys or other pelvic organs.
Pathological conditions are the following:
- abnormal development of the fetus;
- ectopic pregnancy;
- tumors of the appendages or of the uterus;
- anomalous characteristics of a woman’s uterus (septum, double).
It is important to understand that to do an ultrasound is necessary, especially when insists the doctor. If you find pathology, emergency care will avoid serious complications in the future.
The importance of preparation for study in the first trimester
The expectant mother before the study need to meet certain conditions that will help the machine to collect the full information about her condition. Ultrasound is quick and without hiccups if the woman follows the advice on what you should eat and drink before the procedure. Some foods contribute to the accumulation of gas in the intestines, and it is difficult to gather information with ultrasound.
Patients suffering from flatulence and colic, for 1 or 2 days before the test should take the drug Espumisan in the recommended doses. There is thus need such products that clean the intestines and does not lead to constipation. It is advisable to drink water or tea, as many juices and carbonated drinks lead to bloating and gas formation that distorts the ultrasound data.
The first ultrasound examination should be taken seriously. When a woman is preparing for the procedure, meticulously observing the requirements of doctors, primary assessment of the status of the fetus is done. It also assesses the condition of the kidneys, uterus and other organs of the urogenital system.
To fill the bladder immediately before transabdominal ultrasound is necessary for temporary displacement of the uterus from the pelvic cavity. When the uterus is easy to diagnose the position of the sensor can better «see» the embryo. To achieve a good result, an hour before the test you can drink water in large volume (1.5–2 liters). When a woman performs all of the recommendations before the examination, the very first procedure helps with maximum accuracy to evaluate the development of the fetus, to determine the exact period of pregnancy, to detect foci of inflammation, such as kidney disease or other pelvic organs.
Rules of preparing for an ultrasound
If the expectant mother does not suffer from colic, it is enough to take for 6-8 hours before your procedure, one tablet of the drug Drops. This should be done regardless of the type of ultrasound. As with transvaginal and transabdominal examination gases in the intestines are a negative factor, preventing adequate analysis. On the eve before any ultrasound examination can not eat fresh vegetables, legumes, and rye bread.
In contrast to the peculiarities of preparation for transabdominal ultrasound, you can drink water before a transvaginal ultrasound should not be. Office with a need to take a diaper or towel, as well as a special condom for the sensor. The procedure is reported by most patients as an unpleasant, but painless.
To transabdominal examination is prepared carefully.
Stages of preparation:
- women suffering from constipation, chronic colitis start taking Drops for 2 days before the ultrasound, the rest is enough one pill the night before the procedure;
- 2 days before the test eliminate from the diet foods that promote flatulence;
- drink the liquid for filling the bladder should be an hour before the ultrasound.
If a woman during her current pregnancy has already had an ultrasound, a routine examination should be coming from the previous snapshots. This will allow the specialist to assess the development of the fetus and the condition of the pelvic organs (kidneys, uterus, ovaries) of a female patient.
During the study, a woman lies back on the couch, legs slightly bent at the knees. In transvaginal ultrasound the transducer with a condom on is inserted into the vagina. When is the transabdominal study, the patient lies on a couch in the «back». On the exposed area of her abdomen is applied with a special gel that helps to work with the sensor. This procedure is painless.
Ultrasound in the first trimester – the procedure is mandatory and important. A competent preparation will help to avoid serious frustration and health problems. Dealing with planning a pregnancy, be aware of the need for regular visits to the gynecologist.