Is it possible to get infected with EGD?
Fibrogastroscopy and a method of study of the esophagus, stomach and the initial division of the duodenum 12 with the help of an endoscope, equipped with optical equipment. The procedure is given in almost any disease of the above bodies. Most patients to undergo the examination, the question arises whether it is possible to get HIV or other infections as a result of the procedure?
Currently, the importance of infectious safety during medical procedures is very high. Gastroscopy is no exception. All procedures in which instruments and equipment in contact with the bodily fluids (blood, urine, saliva, gastric juice, etc.) potentially dangerous. What you get as the result of FGS or EGD?
In the case when the disease has a latent form, diagnosis is delayed and the virus manages to cause liver damage. Often the hepatitis sick people, not vaccinated against hepatitis B. Hepatitis C is rarely found separately. Usually, the virus is accompanied by hepatitis B.
In addition, through the blood you can catch HIV. The likelihood of Contracting HIV from an infected person through the endoscopic equipment is very high. HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus leads to the formation of immune system disorders. As a result of infection with the virus develop AIDS. The disease can occur a long time in a latent form, and identified only by laboratory analysis. Can HIV be transmitted at EGD? Yes, when there is insufficient disinfection and sterilization processing such a risk exists.
In the process of conducting studies of endoscopic equipment in contact with saliva and mucus of the nasopharynx. This can lead to infection with tuberculosis. Pulmonary tuberculosis is a disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, which is excreted in the saliva and sputum of the patient. Mycobacterium tuberculosis found in the environment, but once in the human body, they do not always cause disease.
Most often tuberculosis people with reduced immunity. The reasons for the decline of immunity, except HIV infection, a great many. No wonder tuberculosis for a long period of time is considered a «social» disease.
The disease often affects the population with low standard of living. The main factor predisposing to the development of the disease is poor nutrition. This is based on the principles of treatment of tuberculosis. The patient is prescribed a diet with a high content of protein and vitamins.
Can you get Helicobacter pylori during gastroscopy? Currently, the exact mechanisms of infection by the bacterium is unknown. However, there is speculation that a possible way of transmission from one person to another through poorly treated endoscopic equipment.
Helicobacter pylori is a microorganism which can survive in the acidic environment of the stomach and cause the development of diseases of digestive tract such as gastritis and ulcerative lesions of the intestinal mucosa and stomach. Once in the human body, the bacteria begins to live and excrete waste products, which have a damaging action on the cells of the mucous membrane.
Helicobacter pylori can exist in the body and in asymptomatic form. The latent course of infectious process that is usually typical for people with a strong immune system. Once ingested, the bacterium lives in an inactive form. When the right conditions arise Helicobacter aktiviziruyutsya and causes an acute form of the disease.
Measures to prevent infection
So this is only a partial list of infectious diseases that can be transmitted by infection using endoscopic equipment. How to protect yourself from Contracting diseases?
First and foremost, you should contact only reliable medical institutions.
Government agencies and commercial clinics who value our reputation, strictly comply with the rules of infection safety:
- The training of personnel of the sanitary-epidemiological regime.
- Conducting medical examinations for infections.
- The use for the treatment of medical instruments disinfectants permitted for use in hospitals. In particular, the use of means for high level disinfection.
- Quality control of processing equipment.
- The use of mainly disposable instruments and medical consumables (excluding endoscopes).
- The presence in the state the epidemiologist and his assistants who are developing instructions for medical staff and enforcing the rules of a sanitary mode.
In addition, in order to protect yourself from Contracting hepatitis b should be vaccinated. This will reduce the risk of Contracting blood-contact viral hepatitides with any medical manipulations, injections, dental treatment, invasive diagnostic tests, blood transfusions, surgery, tool-GYN, obstetrics, and so on.
The problem of human infection through medical procedures is quite relevant today. Negligent attitude of doctors to their work can lead to increased morbidity of the population. However, it should be noted that in the last decade, cases of infection of patients through the fault of medical staff has decreased significantly.