Looks like a hemangioma spine MRI?

 

A vascular tumor of the spine related to benign tumors called hemangioma. It develops inside the vertebra, and it represents the cavity of the vessel filled with blood and twisted with each other. The main place of its location – the small blood vessels.

The initial stage of this disease are asymptomatic, so discover the disease accidentally during other examinations of the spine. Known cases of this disease even in children of younger age group. However, the tumor appears mostly in old age, according to statistics, women more often than men.

Additional causes that causes the appearance of vascular clots in the vertebrae of the spine are considered the following:

  • reduced oxygen content in the tissues of the vessels (local hypoxia);
  • increased vascular blood pressure;
  • an excess of estrogen in the blood;
  • frequent somatic diseases, violate the structure of the blood vessels;
  • closed injuries (typical for athletes).

Hemangiomas vary according to the causes, location, size and composition. They can be found as deep within the tissues of internal organs and the surface of the skin cut. They can be small or large. These tumors are composed of large blood vessels or the capillary plexus, often forming cavity with blood. Hemangioma of the spine may be not only innate, but acquired. Revealed the presence of a tumor using MRI diagnosis.

Symptoms

This disease at an early stage of development, is rarely accompanied by symptoms. But if the tumor reaches a large size, it leads to destruction of the vertebral body and compresses the surrounding tissue, causing discomfort and pain. Therefore, hemangioma of the spine must be monitored by a physician and, if necessary, treated.

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In cases when the tumor is small and does not show signs of existence, the patient is recommended at least twice a year to undergo MRI. The observation of the «behavior» of the neoplasm allows you to follow the course of the disease.

This tumor shows no inclination to rapid development and has not metastasized, but she is still growing, so for years, and it compresses the nerve roots that go from the spinal cord to the limbs and organs. So, hemangioma becomes a cause of pain and disorders of those organs, whose functionality is responsible filled her vertebra.

The symptoms depend on which spinal division it is located. If the disease originated in the thoracic region, the spinal nerve compression leads to pain in the chest, General weakness and numbness of the limbs. Disrupted heart rhythm and digestive systems in the gallbladder there are stones, there are problems when urinating.

The appearance of vascular tumors of the vertebrae in the lumbar spine accompanied by pain in the groin and can lead to impotence in men. If the tumor grows in the vertebrae of the cervical, probable constant headaches, numbness of fingers and muscle atrophy.

You need to remember that the tumor eventually leads to destruction of the structure of the vertebra. Once he can no longer cope with the normal workload, and may even be reversed. This fracture leads to a worsening of the symptoms, as the resulting fragments compress the spinal cord and roots, causing intense pain.

Diagnosis and methods of treatment

If you suspect a hemangioma spine is a series of tests to confirm the diagnosis:

  • consultation of the neurologist;
  • consult a spinal cord specialist (surgeon);
  • laboratory studies in the full spectrum;
  • MRI of the entire spine;
  • electromyography.

Don’t forget that the treatment of hemangiomas of the spine can only be a neurosurgeon. To self-medicate and to overlook such routine checks, like an MRI twice a year – is impossible, as is at stake, and life expectancy, and quality.

Hemangioma spine MRI

The most common 2 types of hemangioma of the spine:

  • cavernous;
  • capillary.
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On MRI, cavernous tumors of the visible vessels with thick walls that divide the narrow strips of endothelial cells. These strips are rows filled with blood. MRI of capillary formation is thick vascular walls marked accumulation of small blood vessels.

MRI is T1-weighted modes, a concentration of fatty tissue in this tumor has high signal intensity. If the hemangioma is very large size and spreads to the surrounding tissue, T2 (MRI) the signal intensity becomes stronger.

In the «casual» detection of pathology, its usually just watching. If a regular MRI will show that the hemangioma is growing and threatens to destroy the vertebrae, and in the presence of symptoms, and the tumour is subjected to suitable in the specific case of treatment.

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