MRI of the spleen: what the survey shows?
MRI of the spleen — diagnostic tests that help to identify the pathological state of the body. This procedure helps to reveal inflammation, infarction of the organ, twisting legs, leukemia, typhoid fever. With its help, diagnosed benign tumors (hemangioma, lymphangioma) and malignant or cancer of this organ (sarcoma, lymphosarcoma, hemangiosarcoma).
Spleen refers to the bodies that are easily susceptible to diagnosis by using magnetic resonance imaging. This body performs a number of functions and complex structure.
Magnetic resonance examination is conducted on high-performance scanners, with a total field strength of 1.5 Tesla.
The quality of the images is achieved by dvadtsatisekundny the delay of the respiratory process. This increases the clarity of the images, so the physician can make an accurate diagnosis, for example cancer, heart attack, hepatolienal syndrome.
The procedure involves: need to remove accessories from metal, and in the process to be stationary. Per day excluded from the diet products, causing increased gas formation. The study is carried out on an empty stomach.
This diagnostic technique has contraindications: the presence of the implants with the properties of ferromagnets, wearing hearing AIDS, prostheses, pacemakers.
The study is contraindicated if the patient is pregnant, or if diagnosed with schizophrenia, epilepsy.
Pathology diagnosed by MRI
There are a number of conditions and diseases that are diagnosed by MRI of the spleen. They include:
- Malformations. It can be asplenia (absence of spleen) ectopia and dystopia (wrong localization), change in body shape, the appearance plus proportion.
- Hepatolienal syndrome, resulting from the fact that the liver and spleen are closely related have a common innervation, blood supply, lymph flow.
- Hemochromatosis. This pathology is associated with deposition of pigment substances in various organs. Or is defined as a hereditary condition, or as having a secondary origin — nutritional, metabolic, post-transfusion. Expressed hyperpigmentation and internal symptoms — ascites, gipogenitalizme, gipokortitsizm, portal hypertension, and diabetes, and splenomegaly.
- Cystic masses. Often identified simple cysts without clinical signs. Cyst is large in size and causes pain, which is radiating in the area of the left shoulder, vomiting, feeling of fullness in the left subcostal region, pricking in the chest and cough. Sometimes diagnosed cysts of parasitic origin, most commonly caused by infection with Echinococcus. There are also difficult cyst.
- Traumatic lesions. Caused by shock, compression, falls, penetrating wounds. For these reasons arise subcapsular and parenchymal hematoma. It triggers the appearance of abdominal symptoms, signs of blood loss.
- Infarction of the spleen. Arises as a consequence of impaired blood supply due to embolism and thrombosis. The affected area is gradually replaced by scar tissue. If the process is extensive, there is pain in the upper quadrant, nausea, vomiting, and hyperthermia, paresis of the intestine.
- Abscess of the spleen. Is formed as a result of infectious lesions, complication of injuries, cysts, heart attacks. Symptoms include weakness, subfebrile temperature, exhaustion, and pain in the left hypochondrium.
- The tumor process. Often wears a benign nature. Most often diagnosed lymphangioma and hemangioma. Hemangioma, is a single sites or diffuse lesions. The nature of the growth may be rapid or slowly progressive. Often hemangioma is the cause of spontaneous rupture of the organ. Although hemangioma and is benign in nature, it still poses a threat to patient’s life. Malignant tumors, i.e. cancer, are manifested as sarcoidosis. One of the leading symptoms in patients with a diagnosis of cancer is splenomegaly (moderate or significant increase in the size of the body).
Range of detected pathologies shows the effectiveness of the procedure. The doctor, suspecting the pathology confirms the diagnosis by MRI of the spleen. Advantage of it is that it is possible to identify cancer at early stages and to appoint further evaluation and appropriate therapy.
The study provides a number of images in multiple projections and sections, which increases the likelihood of setting the correct diagnosis, which may be a heart attack, cancer, hemochromatosis, and others.
The most acute need in the diagnosis of pathology such as a hemangioma, spleen cancer, heart attack and birth defects. Conclusion MRI include the confirmation or refutation of the presumptive diagnosis.