Office hysteroscopy what is it?
This procedure has not yet taken root in Russia. Today technology office hysteroscopy use only 15-20% of doctors-gynecologists. Despite this method has its advantages over the others, therefore, who recommends it in most cases detect abnormalities. What is hysteroscopy and what is its difference from the usual? On this later in the article.
Features of the method
What distinguishes the office from the normal hysteroscopy, surgical. In fact, both – the intervention. However, in comparison with the surgical technique, office option has several advantages.
The reason for the doctor suggested a procedure office hysteroscopy, are disorders and diseases of the reproductive system in women:
- painful menstruation;
- frequent spontaneous abortions;
- uterine bleeding;
- the formation of adhesions in the uterus;
- a polyps;
- the obstruction of the fallopian tubes;
- removal of intrauterine contraceptive;
- abnormal development of the uterus;
The diagnostic process is displayed on the monitor, that is, the woman can observe and, if necessary, to ask questions.
If necessary, the gynaecologist during hysteroscopy can take material for further histological examination (biopsy).
Who can not to make the diagnosis technique of office hysteroscopy? Contraindications include conditions such as:
- inflammation of the genital organs;
- acute respiratory disease;
- exacerbation of chronic diseases of any bodies;
- serious condition women;
- if the result is taken smear shows 3 or 4 degree of purity.
When is the best time to do the procedure?
The holding of office hysteroscopy in patients whose age has not reached menopause, may not be any day of the menstrual cycle. It is necessary to diagnose immediately after menstruation. This is because the endometrium at this time is thin and clearly visible with a hysteroscope. This allows you to identify even slight changes and education. Those women who have already crossed the period of the establishment of menopause, the diagnosis can be carried out at any time.
Do I need to prepare?
Preparations for the office hysteroscopy depends on the presence or absence of the analyses, the data of the smear, and other. If the patient is in the process of visiting a gynecologist before proceeding on these data, the doctor can make a diagnosis immediately at the reception. Otherwise, you will still have to pass some tests to prevent the development of complications. If necessary, the specialist will prescribe the provisional reception of antibiotics, sedatives and others.
To prepare them for already assigned procedure hysteroscopy is recommended to follow the following tips:
- before coming to the diagnosis, should take a shower and do hair removal;
- you will need to empty the bladder;
- you need to pre-prepare sanitary pads;
- at a high level of anxiety or fear need to take a sedative.
How is a diagnostic procedure?
After the patient sits in a chair, gynecologist enters into the vagina and then the cervix the hysteroscope. This is a tube of small diameter is installed at the end of the camera. Thanks to her, on the screen appears the image of the inner wall of the uterus.
During office hysteroscopy gynecologist not just inspects the state of the body from the inside. If necessary, possible treatment actions. For example, at the time of diagnosis can be removed polyps of the small sizes produced by the scraping of certain parts of the body may be the material taken for biopsy. To implement these actions, the device is equipped with special tools microscopic size.
The procedure lasts from 5 to 15 minutes.
Discovered through the diagnosis of adhesions formation (polyps, nodes) either immediately removed, or be further conservative or other treatment. All the data recorded.
What to do after the procedure?
Typically, after the office hysteroscopy, the gynecologist prescribes medicines, the purpose of which is to prevent the development of the inflammatory process caused by the intervention. For 14 days after the diagnosis by hysteroscopy is prohibited access to the pool, intimate relations, bathing, athletic training. If you experience unusual symptoms (discharge, pain, temperature), be sure to consult a doctor.