Pelvic ultrasound: how to prepare?
Application of ultrasonic method of research is explained by several advantages. The diagnosis is painless and not dangerous. It is recommended for pregnant women and children. If preparation for ultrasound of the pelvic organs was performed correctly, the results obtained are as accurate as possible. If necessary, do the procedure repeatedly without harm to the patient.
Through this study of modern gynecology is able to solve many problems. Ultrasound allows in short time to identify the presence or absence of anomalies. It helps to track the effects on the body selected treatment method and gives the possibility to determine its effectiveness. Such examination of the condition of the bodies is equally useful for women and men.
In men, ultrasound is often done transabdominal – front, through the abdominal wall. In this case, the patient’s bladder should be filled, so before the test you can drink the water. This type of diagnosis is recommended not only for men but also for the study of virgins.
Sometimes women assigned to combined methods that combine vaginal, transabdominal, transrectal or study through the abdomen (using the abdominal probe). In men, the transrectal and transabdominal techniques are relevant in the urological and urogenital problems.
To prepare for each study should be properly. What type of diagnosis and how many times to do it – in each case decides the doctor. Why argue with a specialist, if at stake is the quality of your life? To avoid health problems will enable a responsible approach to the procedures.
That shows diagnostics in women?
On ultrasound study, the uterus, ovaries, vagina, bladder and tubes (fallopian). There is an assessment of the situation of the bodies, their shape, size, wall structure. The results were accurate for this event in advance to prepare carefully.
The condition of the organs and systems of the pelvis is checked in the following cases:
- if the violation of the menstrual cycle;
- during pregnancy;
- if you have a disease of the mammary glands;
- when choosing a method of contraception;
- before the abortion and after it;
- to various intrauterine procedures;
- if there is suspicion of inflammation;
- with endometriosis, uterine fibroids.
It is important to understand that the study of the pelvis reveals all kinds of diseases in women. In the preventive purposes it is sufficient to do an ultrasound every six months. Women whose reproductive years are behind us, prevention is carried out 1 time per year.
While the current treatment may be repeated purpose of the examination systems of the pelvis. How many times expose the patient to the procedure solves a specialist. For diagnosis or quality control of therapy, often combine several types of pelvic ultrasound. Since one method to drink water and eat food can and the other cannot, must strictly follow the instructions for each diagnosis and competently to prepare for it.
Preparation for the procedure
Before transrectal ultrasound be sure to evacuate your bowels with an enema. 6 hours before the procedure not eat food, but drink plenty of fluids. Also fasting is done and transabdominal diagnosis. By the time of the examination the bladder should be filled by drinking at least 1.5 liters of water without gas.
Transvaginal ultrasound method, there is no need to fill the bladder. Consume a little light food, as such a diagnosis is quite informative and does not require special training. In other cases, the filled bladder is required, as it pushes the examined organs and improves their visualization.
Other types of diagnostics require that the bowel was cleared of gas and fecal masses, so do them only on an empty stomach in women and men. That the procedure benefited from the first time, it should be prepared in advance. 3 days before the ultrasound not to eat heavy food and those foods that contribute to flatulence (raw vegetables, fruit, rye bread, milk). The day before the diagnosis, it is desirable to drink Polifepan or Enterosgel.
How to drink water and how to prepare for the procedure, tell the doctor. His recommendations need to carry out unconditionally.
There is no way the research of a condition of the pelvic organs, which would compare with the UZI in terms of accuracy, imaging and quality of supplied information. The procedure does not expose the patient to radiation exposure or ionizing effect. Do ultrasonic analysis is necessary as many times as necessary for your doctor to assess the condition of internal organs and the detection of pathologies.