That shows colonoscopy – the results of examination of the intestine
Imaging techniques in gastroenterological practice today is well developed. To diagnose conditions such as a hiatal hernia of the diaphragm, the erosive process in the esophagus, the stomach easy in the modern world. There are many endoscopic techniques. Not obsolete and never losing fluoroscopic study. It is especially true when the doctor wants to see the extent of the lesions of an organ, to assess the functional characteristics.
Colonoscopy is a method of examination of the colon, as the name implies (colon — colon). This is an endoscopic procedure that is performed by the respective competent specialist in endoscopy room. In the article information on this method of examination that can be assessed, visible worms during colonoscopy and so on.
That still shows a colonoscopy in diverticular disease of the intestine? First, the optical system allows to increase the image on the screen, so the endoscopist sees a picture of details. The mucous membranes of the specialist can observe quite clearly. The doctor detects the presence of erosions, ulcers. Estimated details of detected changes:
- the depth of penetration;
- condition of surrounding tissues;
- the contents at the bottom of these defects, its nature;
- inflammatory shaft around its length;
- parasites, worms, or their components;
- fecal stones, «rubble»;
- tangles of worms, creating obstacles to the passage of the intestinal contents, as well as other causes of mechanical obstruction;
- redness, swelling and other manifestations.
Modern colonoscopy system is also equipped with a hot microtweezersjbc in order to collect biopsy material. Therefore, if endoscopists found a tiny ulcer, polyp or tumor, they have the ability to take material from this element and direct it to the pathology Department where a histological and cytological study.
In terms of endoscopic offices also have the option to not wait and do not subject patients to a laparotomy, and for the removal of a polyp or benign tumor immediately during the study. This saves time and financial resources of the hospital and the patient. Using coagulating devices in the presence of sources of bleeding (ulcer, erosion) can «burn» the bleeding of small vessels. But this is done only on the testimony or at the discretion of the endoscopist.
A colonoscopy helps to determine the tone of the intestine. This is important when you have persistent constipation or, on the contrary, if you have a diarrheal syndrome or irritable bowel syndrome. The state of folds, the presence of peristaltic waves. The endocrinologist and the gastroenterologist will be interested in certain changes of frequency, amplitude, periodicity of these contractions of the intestine.
This technique is illustrated with a large number of diseases, because, as you can see, it is very informative.
It is especially important to verify the changes of the intestinal mucosa. For the Clinician is extremely important that has a place: ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease. When a certain nature of the pathology is possible to build up an effective and adequate treatment. The same goes for tumors. A tumor of the colon needs to be not only detected but also identified morphologically. This is not feasible without a colonoscopy.
It is known that diseases manifest with age. This also applies to the pathology of the intestine. The older the patient, the more likely it diagnosis of organic diseases. For this reason, the world Health Organization recommends a study of the intestine in patients older than 40 years. The periodicity may be different, but the optimum procedure 1 every five years.
Indications for colonoscopy
To carry out this procedure CIP all patients in a row does not make sense. Especially if they are young. For starters, you can try to do other visual research methods.
The indication for colonoscopic examination is the appearance of blood along with feces from the anal canal, or tarry stools. Before performing a colonoscopy, to exclude other sources of bleeding. This is fibroesophagogastroduodenoscopy or fluoroscopy of the stomach and esophagus. In the absence of pathology, you can search for problems with the colon.
The appearance of complaining of frequent constipation, especially if they alternate with diarrhea or unformed allocation mushy stool, should alert the doctor and encourage him to appointment a colonoscopy. After all, the most common cause of this situation is the swelling, which can impede the flow of intestinal contents.
The loss of body weight of the patient, loss of appetite and paleness of the skin target the doctor and the patient on a careful diagnostic search for the causes from the standpoint of careless. After excluding other organic pathology a colonoscopy.
Palpable education in the projection of the colon occurs for a variety of reasons. It can be not only a growth or a polyp, but even parasites that generates the whole cluster, «balls». This is also one of the indications for the study.
Another situation requiring colonoscopy is a persistent pain in the abdomen. A worrying sign is its strengthening at night, as well as insensitivity to antispasmodic therapy (no-Spa, Drotaverine, Spazgan, Baralgin).