The discovery of x-rays: the story of the invention of x-ray radiation
The invention of x-ray radiation allowed us to make giant steps in the development of medicine and scientific progress in General. Hardly anyone saw the boy named Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen extraordinary personality and of the future great scientist. He was born in 1845 in Germany, near düsseldorf. History tells us that the school was not easy for him. He was expelled from it and he never got his Ged.
However, this did not stop the inquisitive young man. X-ray began to study those Sciences that were interesting to him. He began to attend the lectures of the University of Utrecht. Renowned physicist August Kundt drew attention to the diligent student and invited him to be assistant. And now, several years later, a young x-ray became a Professor in Strasbourg. Still later, in 1894, he was offered a position of the rector of the University of Wurzburg. In parallel with the previous work, he does some research.
Further study of the rays has led to new scientific advances. One of them was the discovery of radioactivity.
Other scientists have discovered new properties of these rays. Charles Barclay in 1917, received the Nobel prize for their work on the possibility to measure scattered rays using x-rays in the discharge of electrified bodies. In 1914, Laue received it for research of diffraction of rays. In 1915, scientists father and son, Braggi became the owners of this award for the accurate determination of interatomic distances in crystals using x-rays.
The use of x-rays
Original features of this radiation was claimed only in medicine. A year later x-ray beams is widespread in traumatology and orthopedics.
Thanks to these beams, it is possible to find out the features and defects of the internal structure of the stomach and the entire digestive tract. So the academic Reader from Germany, found that if you give the patient a drink of gruel with an impervious to x-rays with barium, being clearly visible in the picture, it will show every curve they filled the inner lumen of the gastrointestinal tract and its defects. You can also define the time at which the barium leaves the different regions of GIT, and judged, therefore, on the rate of peristalsis.
Radiation therapy is widely used today as a method of treatment of oncological pathologies.
Later x-rays found its application in other areas. X-ray properties of light help to establish the authenticity of the paintings, gemstones, determine the customs prohibited & restricted items without opening Luggage. In addition, it was found that due to the properties of the x-ray light, the rays help to look deep inside the crystals, to determine their characteristics.
The history of the development and use of x-rays did not stop there. Later, there was the science rathenaustrasse. It turned out that the processes occurring on the new stars also form intense x-rays. Studying different characteristics of radiation, scientists are judged on what is happening in the stars processes.