The types of pelvic ultrasound
Ultrasound is a method of visual diagnostics, which helps to establish the presence of pathology in the investigated organ. It works on the principle of echolocation and allows to obtain an image by reflection of the signal from tissues with different acoustic properties. Many groups of organs can be viewed in this way, but because this procedure is indispensable in the diagnosis.
Ultrasound can be performed using different sensors. Studies also differ in the way the procedure. Method is chosen depending on the organ or group of organs that should be given special attention.
As a rule, men for inspection of the pelvic organs is assigned to the transrectal procedure. For this sensor the anatomical configuration is placed in the intestine through the anus. This informative study helps to examine the prostate and reproductive organs.
Obstetric ultrasound is essentially a variation of transabdominal. It is also through the abdominal wall, but aimed solely to the study of the fetus and reproductive organs. Held multiple times throughout the pregnancy and enables to establish the presence of malformations and abnormalities, to make a conclusion about the condition of the organs of the mother. Men procedure is also assigned to assess the condition of the veins and blood vessels in the pelvis as women.
What is women?
Pelvic ultrasound transvaginal method in women is conducted in order to identify the causes of deviations in the menstrual cycle. May also be administered too abundant or poor discharge during menstruation, and also in the secretions of unknown etymology. Also refer to the internal study of pelvic specialist when there are selection during menopause or pain in the abdomen, associated or not associated with the cycle.
From the reproductive function, ultrasound of the pelvic organs is also an essential procedure. It helps in the early stages to establish a pregnancy. Such a study is important to determine the causes of infertility in women. Allows you to explore the follicular apparatus of the ovaries.
Remember that only the obstetric abdominal ultrasound is used to monitor a normal pregnancy.
In women, ultrasound of the pelvic diagnose the uterine cancer at the beginning of the development, as well as the inflammatory process or neoplasm. Also the procedure is while taking birth control pills or an intrauterine contraceptive. In the first case this is done in order to exclude the presence of tumors, the growth of which can affect contraception. Second — in order to determine if installed helix.
From the urology is aimed to identify the causes of disorders of urination – nederjanii, its acceleration or delay. Seal walls of the bladder, a symptom of inflammation seen on the ultrasound. When full the bladder is a study that helps you to install, to see if it emptied.
What is men?
There are types of treatments which in men is abdominal and rectal ultrasound of the pelvic organs. Thus examined the bladder, seminal vesicles and prostate. Transrectal ultrasound serves the purpose of examining the last body and there will be a special sensor.
Women, like men, from the point of view of the urinary system ultrasonography of the pelvic organs is indispensable to diagnose stones and tumors in the urinary system, and also inflammatory processes. Often the only way possible to identify the cause frequent or too infrequent urination.
It is imperative that only under ultrasound conducted fence material pelvic biopsy. Depending on which organ has undergone a biopsy, selected abdominal or rectal ultrasound.
Research is also carried out in children to detect abnormalities in the development of organs, when is too early or not coming puberty, to identify hermaphroditically trends in development, etc.
Doppler ultrasound – Doppler ultrasound, in essence, is considered a type of ultrasound that gives the opportunity to diagnose the presence of abnormalities in the condition of blood vessels and veins, both women and men. During pregnancy it is carried out to study the quality and efficiency of the arteries and blood vessels in the uterus. If the pregnancy is not, the procedure may be administered to determine the quality of blood circulation in the veins and blood vessels. For this purpose, is both men and women.
From the ultrasound the previous types this procedure is distinguished by only a types of sensors and their principle of operation. It is also possible to determine the direction of blood flow, to assess the carrying capacity of the blood vessels, veins and arteries. In pregnant women, ultrasound Doppler is carried further, if the expectant mother suffers from diabetes, high blood pressure, etc.
From the fetus – if the size does not correspond to the period of gestation, there was a conflict of the rhesus monkey develops some fruit, the position of the baby wrong, etc.
Color Doppler mapping
It is a subspecies of Doppler, which allows to make a conclusion about the condition of the blood vessels, the aorta and veins, abbreviated called the DRC. If such a procedure on a visual image on the screen the doctor is staining of large and small vessels and veins in different colors, depending on how fast is the blood flow in the area.
There are two types of CDK – ordinary and voluminous. The second helps to construct a three-dimensional model of the blood vessels and veins, to assess their surface and location relative to each other. This technique is not yet too widely used for the diagnosis of veins, but work is underway in this area, and the method is actively implemented.
Ultrasound is an important diagnostic procedure that can be used according to indications and prophylactic purposes. It is very effective when the condition that all the rules of training, prescribed by the doctor. The results are as accurate as possible. The study has no contraindications.