Ultrasound of the prostate (prostate)
The prostate is an important organ of the reproductive organs exclusively males. Method for a thorough examination of her condition is ultrasound. Prostate performs a lot of functions. At the same time this male organ is especially vulnerable to disease-causing agents.
Ultrasound of the prostate – the most informative and accessible method of diagnostics of prostate diseases in men. Prostatitis, adenoma, cancer and other disorders can be identified using this method. Unfortunately, majority of men do not do ultrasound, and therefore stated a high incidence among men.
Indications for ultrasound of the prostate
Ultrasound of the prostate the doctor prescribes, in the case of:
- the patient’s pain, malaise;
- after a medical examination and detection of violations in the functional work of the prostate;
- after the tests, the results of which deviated from the norm;
- before the planned surgical intervention;
- during drug treatment, to control the dynamics of the patient.
Since the prostate gland located near the urethra and the ejaculatory duct duct, pathology of the prostate in men is manifested by the following symptoms:
- there is a feeling of pain during urination;
- pain localized in the region of the bladder, the prostate and the perineum;
- appears erectile dysfunction;
- disturbed reproductive function.
The doctor, using rectal palpation, can detect seals in the body, to study the size and volume of the prostate. Laboratory studies confirm or refute assumptions doctor about the unwanted men for the process. After that, the doctor makes a conclusion about the condition.
Ultrasound of the prostate can be assigned to a patient with good health, but with abnormalities in laboratory investigations. Tests to determine the inflammatory process, which develops due to the presence in the body infections on the health of the person can not influence. This type of process frequently occurs without clinical symptoms. In such cases, the doctor required the conclusion of an ultrasound to detect possible changes in the volume and size of the body.
Contraindications to ultrasound of the prostate, namely external research state of the organ through the abdominal wall, are absent.
Conduct ultrasound procedures and required training
The procedure of the prostate under ultrasound guidance is of two kinds:
- Abdominal ultrasound of the prostate.
Abdominal ultrasound of the prostate
The simplest method, without contraindications, is abdominal ultrasound of the prostate. This method of study requires prior use of a liter of non-carbonated liquid filling of the bladder. Every man has a prostate of a certain size, there are norms which are guided by the doctors. The volume of the body in cubic inches has an average size from 20 to 25 mm and the weight is not more than 50 grams, length from 2.3 cm to 3.5 cm and width from 2.5 to 4 cm. If the prostate is normal, then its structure is homogeneous, has no knots, seals. In a healthy person the body is symmetrical in shape, has smooth and crisp edges. All deviations from the norm ultrasound technician indicates in the conclusion.
Indications for Trus
Trus (transrectal ultrasound) ultrasound is an effective diagnostic method. This study was conducted using a rectal sensor, which is inserted through the anus into the rectum. Method of diagnosis transrectal ultrasound examination has high efficiency, because the used sensor equipment is located at a distance of a few millimeters from the prostate. This gives you the opportunity to obtain a clear picture of changes in the body.
Trus administered to the patient:
- when impurities blood in the semen;
- for confirmation or refutation of prostatitis;
- when the pain in the pubic area, abdomen;
- if a man cannot be the father;
- frequent urge to the toilet;
- when the pain during urination;
- if you suspect a neoplasm;
- to detect prostate cancer at an early stage in men older than forty years.
Prostatitis, cancer, adenoma are the most dangerous and serious diseases who are able to diagnose Trus. Since cancer can spread beyond the prostate, this ultrasound can easily determine this pathology in the body.
In addition, Trus facilitates biopsy in case of detection of the suspicious area (biopsy do when cancer is suspected). The contours and structure of the prostate, are determined using this diagnostic. Research method helps to see the adenoma, its stage, as well as aid in the healing process.
Ultrasound of the prostate transrectal method has a number of contraindications, which are connected directly with the condition of the rectum, hemorrhoids, fissures. If contraindications are not present, the patient will receive the most accurate result of their condition after the study. Due to the high frequency of ultrasound, this method accurately captures the structure of the prostate, objectively evaluates its condition, is the best way to diagnose cancer, determine the size of the adenoma, the tumor volume.
Special handle apparatus with a diameter of 2 inches is introduced into the anus of the patient. The man does not experience discomfort because the apparatus is injected no deeper than six inches inside. The patient adopts a posture of lying on the right or left side and bend your knees.
As ultrasound is performed through the anus, the rectum should be empty. In the evening the patient is administered a cleansing enema, pre-1.5 hours before the survey they drank a liter of carbonated water. Diagnosis prescribe always in the morning.
Trus of the prostate has contraindications for patients who suffer from hemorrhoids, acute inflammation of the skin near the anus, when a remote the rectum, men with a crack of the rectum.
The advantages of ultrasound
Powerful and convincing advantages in conducting ultrasound of the prostate are:
- accuracy, which allows to examine in detail the condition of the soft tissues of the prostate, to establish its scope, determine the size;
- safety, as ultrasound has no significant effect on the General condition of the patient;
- no pain;
- accessibility, which is important for small or remote towns;
- affordable price;
- versatility, allowing parallel study of the bladder;
- simplicity in the preparation of the patient;
- lasts a small amount of time;
- an indispensable tool during the biopsy.
Prevention of disease is always better than cure. To prevent such a dangerous disease like prostate cancer, it is necessary to conduct ultrasound of the prostate annually to all male after forty years. Ultrasound takes very little time. A simple method of examination enables the patient and doctor to see the size and volume of the prostate gland, which is one of the most vulnerable to ailments of male organ..