Ultrasound of throat and larynx: what shows?
Ultrasound gives information about shape, size and density of anatomical structures. Comparing the obtained data with the standards, the doctor can identify:
- malignant and benign tumors, cancer, cyst, polyp;
- the presence of foreign objects;
- curvature, narrowing, expansion gaps of the esophagus and trachea;
- diseases of the thyroid gland.
Ultrasound, which produces a sensor of the ultrasound passes through soft tissue and reflected from them returning back. It turns a vivid picture that I can discover the cause of illness in the patient. If the screen is determined by tumor formation, are assigned additional studies to rule out cancer. Ultrasound of the larynx and throat can be done without special training. If ultrasound does not validate the state of the vessels of the neck and head, this requires a Doppler ultrasound. For examination of the cervical spine is assigned a CT scan or x-ray.
Ultrasound of the larynx detects cancer and precancerous lesions of the vocal cords, epiglottis, subglottic and newswatcher departments of the larynx, and proximal esophagus and trachea. Research shows papillomas, scars, fibroids, cysts, malignant neoplasms (cancer), diverticules, stenoses, abscesses and other pathological changes. The informativeness of this method allows correct diagnosis and decide on treatment strategy.
How to get to the us?
If you feel unwell you need to contact the therapist, who will give direction to the relevant doctor. If the patient is sure that the problem is localized in the neck area, you should visit an otolaryngologist. After examination, the doctor prescribes the necessary tests and research. Thyroid disease cures endocrinologist. A consultation with a therapist will help not to be mistaken with the choice of a suitable direction of the surveys. Ultrasound is not necessary to prepare a do not need to take any supplies. Before taking can take food and water without restrictions.
Conducting ultrazvuka of the throat and larynx in office ultrasound
- The patient lies on the couch.
- The doctor put on the front of the neck the gel sliding and tilting sensor on the skin.
- The sensor emits ultrasonic sound waves, they bounce off soft tissue and back.
- In the image on the screen, the doctor gets an idea about the status of the internal structures of the neck.
Without appropriate skills to correctly decipher the results of the study impossible. And the transcript does either the physician or a specialist ultrasound.
In case of suspected cancer of the larynx is an urgent need to seek medical help, the only way to reduce the damage to the body and to improve the chances of recovery.
Signs of throat cancer, no further action
Concern should serve as the simultaneous appearance of 2 or more of the following symptoms:
- weight loss;
- difficulty and pain when swallowing;
- change tone of voice;
- the increase in cervical lymph nodes.
These symptoms can indicate not only cancer but also other diseases of vocal cords, larynx and thyroid gland. To determine the diagnosis using ultrasound and other studies. When complaints of «lump in throat» there are times when a full examination of the neck shows no functional or organic abnormalities. If no diseases are detected, the patient needs to consult a neurologist and psychotherapist. Reasonable patients go to the doctor as soon ailments, and unreasonable patients wait until the disease will cause them serious health damage.