Videogastroduodenoscopy: preparation, implementation, advantages and disadvantages
Today bowel disease are a very common problem. This is because the majority of the population does not observe the rules of healthy eating often violate the diet. Subscribe to this and other factors: a high level of stress, mostly of a sedentary and sedentary lifestyle, alcohol consumption, Smoking. However, many diseases are difficult to diagnose, especially in the early stages. That is why great importance is given to videogastroduodenoscopy, because for an accurate diagnosis, doctors need to be aware of the condition of the intestines.
This modern diagnostic method allows to carry out a detailed visual inspection of the initial parts of the gastrointestinal tract. The endoscopic procedure takes relatively little time and allows to obtain a large amount of information, which can confirm a variety of diagnoses or, alternatively, to refute them. Alternative method – capsule endoscopy. It allows a more detailed study of the digestive tract throughout.
- Benign and malignant neoplasms.
- The mucosal.
- Spasms and stenosis of the sphincter.
EGD and disadvantages of alternative methods of diagnosis
Videogastroduodenoscopy quite simple, and it does not require complex preparation of the patient. Only need to empty the bowel and not to eat anything before the procedure. However, videogastroduodenoscopy can be painful, and many patients causes discomfort. Therefore, patients often refuse the survey, resulting in no possibility to make an accurate diagnosis.
Therefore, the endoscopic procedure is increasingly being replaced by less painful methods, which include capsule endoscopy. Patient to swallow a special capsule equipped with a camera and recording all the way to the gastrointestinal tract up to the rectum. While the capsule itself is disposable and completely sterile, so the study is completely safe. This device looks like a large pill and does not cause discomfort if swallowed.
The pictures are made by device, are transmitted to the receiving device. It usually is located in a special vest that the patient must wear in the course of performing this examination. Capsule endoscopy lasts no more than 10 hours, while it does not restrict the patient, he can freely do the usual things.
It does not matter in what position is the patient: sitting, standing or lying down. In any case, the doctor can get a good result in the form of detailed pictures of the inner surface of the stomach and intestines. During the entire study doctors can monitor the position of the capsule using a special monitor and change settings of her work.
After the capsule naturally out of the intestines, the obtained information is transferred to the computer and decrypted, and the data obtained exhibited a diagnosis.
Indications for capsule endoscopy
This method is indicated in the same cases as conventional EGD. In addition, it can be used to explore and small intestines. Therefore, it is prescribed to patients with suspected pathology of these departments. In particular, in Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, which can successfully differentiate from irritable bowel syndrome.
Also apply the method under:
- pain in the abdominal region of unknown origin;
- prolonged diarrhea.
It is worth to conduct a survey and incomprehensible loss of weight or appetite.
Advantages of capsular research
Despite the novelty, the capsule endoscopy has gained wide popularity both among doctors and among patients, and there are several reasons for this. One of the main advantages is that capsule endoscopy allows you to check the status not only of the stomach and duodenum, but all the rest of the intestine. This distinguishes this study from the traditional endoscopy.
In addition the capsule gastroscopy is far less painful than EGD. And so patients do not refuse from its implementation. She almost has no contraindications. When conducting caselnova inspection of the intestine does not occur adverse reactions and complications, which are frequent companions of a traditional endoscopy.
There is no risk of damage to the mucosa during the procedure.
Also, this method is extremely sensitive and has a high specificity relative to pathologies of the intestine. Although the study requires rigorous training, which consists in cleaning the intestine by special agents, it has virtually no competitors, as other methodologies do not allow so to study in detail the state of the mucosa of the small intestine.
Thus, capsule endoscopy allows to conduct a qualitative examination of the entire gastrointestinal tract, and has virtually no contraindications. No matter how long will the survey, it does not restrict patients, does not cause discomfort or pain.
So you should recommend this technique to patients with diseases of the small intestine or those, who for one reason or another are unable or unwilling to undergo conventional endoscopy. After we get through caspule endoscopy data may hold the key to the correct diagnosis.