Where an x-ray to a child?
Radiography has long been and remains the technique of choice in completely different pathologies. This applies both to diseases of adults and childhood diseases. But if radiation exposure for adults is permissible, in the case of children you need to be careful, because proliferating cells are exposed to x-ray radiation due to inadequate radiation load can have negative consequences. Where today it is possible to do such a study-a small child?
X-ray examination of the chest
Diseases of the lung and bronchi is quite a common occurrence in pediatric practice. Because the clearance mechanisms of inhaled air is imperfect. They are formed over many years, ends at puberty.
X-ray may reveal a changed shadows of the heart that will prompt a doctor to think about a possible heart defect. Because the x-rays of the chest you can see not only the picture of the light, but the shadow of the heart, the mediastinum.
To perform the study using x-ray, you must contact your doctor for direction.
It will assess the need, weighing the indications and contraindications. If there is a need to conduct a radiological survey, it can be done in the clinic, where x-ray equipment. It is possible that she is in the hospital, and then to study the there will have.
The study of the pathology of the musculoskeletal system
Injuries and falls invariably accompany the child throughout the preschool and school period. Especially if he is very agile and active. Due to the fact that the bone structure continues to be formed until 25 years of age, falls and injuries children are often accompanied by fractures and dislocations.
For the diagnosis of fracture of the insufficient physical examination. How experienced, no matter the doctor, his clinical hunches should always be confirmed by imaging method. There is hardly a way that will be able to better confirm the presence or absence of violation of the integrity of bone tissue.
For the diagnosis of fractures take a picture with the capture of 2 nearby joints. Further, the study was repeated for monitoring the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions. Usually x-rays of the extremities performed in a trauma centre, where the child deliver the ambulance. When children’s self-reversal x-ray is done in children’s clinic.
Diagnosis of diseases of the digestive tract
Chronic or functional disease of the stomach, intestines when conducting x-ray studies did not appear in the pictures. The purpose of such a survey in this situation is to exclude organic pathology.
Quite often in children, especially in adolescence, is developing reflux esophagitis. It is based on the hernia hiatal, which can be detected in the picture. Timely diagnosis and approach to treatment provide a favorable prognosis. The running:
- in terms of the children’s clinic;
- if the x-ray system is located in the adult clinic, research can be conducted there;
- in the Department.
Ulcerative lesions of the stomach and duodenum atypical for pediatric patients. But the study of the gastrointestinal tract is necessary to rule out other organic pathologies, e.g. polyposis.
Intestinal obstruction is an acute condition that requires urgent diagnosis and determine further tactics of treatment. In the vernacular this is called volvulus of the colon. Plain radiography of abdominal cavity organs will unmistakably allow you to determine the signs of obstruction. This situation is urgent, so an x-ray performed in the surgical hospital, where the little patient usually brings the ambulance.
Congenital malformations of the intestinal tube, for today are not uncommon. The environmental baseline is deteriorating, inadequate training for women to conceive – these are just some of the reasons for the steady increase in the number of congenital mutations. In the diagnosis of these conditions also helps made in stationary conditions the.
Where can I get an x-ray to exclude atresia of various parts of the intestinal tube? Better if the research is conducted in a children’s hospital. However, outpatient is also possible to carry out.
Most commonly detected anomaly of the rectum. To determine the level of atresia perform radiographic. In this case, children’s x-ray allows you to evaluate the urgency of the possible operation, his variety.
Diseases of the urinary tract and x-rays
Kidney stones atypical children. So on the overview picture shows the stones in the ureter or kidney is casuistry, that is, the exception rather than the rule.
A more informative study with the use of contrast. It will identify the following condition:
- The doubling of the kidneys.
- A horseshoe kidney.
- Agenesis and aplasia of the kidney.
- Developmental disorders of the ureter.
- Atresia of the ureter.
- Diffuse sclerosis of the kidney tissue.
Introduction of contrast agent administered intravenously. May develop allergic reactions according to the type of anaphylactic shock. Therefore, this study needs to be performed only in the conditions of the urological hospital.
Requirements for radiological research
The necessary conditions for carrying out research – the referral doctor. It is important to remember that it may be held not only in a public hospital, but in the private institution, which is the x-ray installation.
Small children must be accompanied by an adult. Also, it is better to explain to the child that you need to listen to the doctor’s orders and execute them without question. Metal jewelry are better off.
If we study the gastrointestinal tract, then you need uncindery diet with the exception of foods that cause excessive gas, which complicates the visualization of x-ray pictures. On the eve of the examination is not superfluous to the reception of Espumizan.
Protection against radiation lies on the shoulders of the medical staff. A nurse may, if necessary, give a lead to the collar and other products to protect the organs.
X-ray examination is an integral part of the diagnosis of a vast number of childhood diseases. In most cases it is carried out in the outpatient — pediatric or adult. The use of contrast agents necessitates the examination in the hospital.