X-ray child: is it harmful and what can be dangerous later?
Radiography is one of the most effective means to study the condition of internal organs. It can help you to diagnose a huge number of pathologies on the early stages of development. However, ionizing radiation, the underlying method may have a negative impact on the body of the child, so many parents care about how harmful x-rays, and is it possible to do an x-ray children?
About the dangers of research
Caring for the health of your child is one of the main responsibilities of each parent. Some procedures do not cause any doubts, as their benefits are undeniable. But when it comes to that child for one reason or another to do x-rays of the lungs or other internal organs, the parents are unsure of the appropriateness of this procedure and the absence of harm.
Why children make the x-ray, if it brings harm? X-ray of lungs and other organs to a child can be done only when absolutely necessary, for the purposes of routine inspection x-ray in children is not carried out. In that case, if there is an opportunity to survey using other, more secure methods (e.g., ultrasound), preference is given to them.
Modern devices for x-rays have digital recorders, whereby the radiation exposure is much lower. In some cases, the benefits of the survey several times higher than the damage obtained during the procedure. This applies particularly to the diagnosis of cancer.
The direction of the x-ray the child is given in the following cases:
- After an injury – accidents, birth injuries, in infants – drop.
- Suspected disease of bone – osteoporosis, rickets.
- Foreign objects in the airway or in gastrointestinal tract.
- The study of light in cases of suspected tuberculosis, bronchial asthma, pneumonia, bronchitis, abscesses.
- Preparing for surgery, including the heart defects.
- Obstruction of the intestine.
- The suspected presence of tumors.
- Babies x-rays are often prescribed for the diagnosis of hip dysplasia.
The rules of procedure
Common questions of parents when getting directions on an x-ray of the lungs and other organs are questions about whether we can somehow reduce the amount of received damage from radiation, you can often do x-rays and at what age it can not be done.
X-ray child under the age of 3 months. Older x-rays should be performed only in extreme cases, when there are absolute indications. The maximum number of surveys per year is not more than 5-6 procedures. To avoid greater damage can be if you research on modern machines with minimal radiation exposure – in this case, the amount of received radiation will not go beyond the maximum allowable.
When conducting a scan babies all of the baby’s body should be covered with a special protective apron. Leave open only the area of the study. Older children also cover particularly sensitive to radiation zones in the region of the genital organs, thyroid and eyes. To avoid re-scanning, it is important that the child is in the process of scanning was kept perfectly still, – it is desirable to conduct research in the clinics equipped with special locking devices.
The best, what can a parent choose a clinic staffed by experienced professionals, who can competently carry out decoding of the received images.
To refuse testing for fear of consequences is not necessary, it is recommended to find out from the doctor if you need x-rays and diagnostic capabilities of other methods. If the diagnosis is possible only with the help of x – ray-no need to be afraid of, the rejection of research may entail much more serious consequences due to late diagnosis of the disease, especially in cases of suspected pneumonia.
The possible effects of x-rays
X-rays have a high penetrating power. Passing through the tissue of human body, ionizing the rays can alter the structure of atoms and molecules inside cells, the consequence of which may be different somatic diseases in humans or its future offspring (genetic disorders).
Each body reacts differently to radiation. The most sensitive to ionizing radiation red bone marrow, so the most common result of radiation exposure are blood diseases:
- After low doses of irradiation, reversible changes in blood composition.
- Leukemia – a significant reduction in the number of leukocytes together with changes in their structure, which negatively affects the state of immunity of the whole organism.
- Thrombocytopenia – a drop in the level of platelets, which leads to decreased ability of blood to clot. Such changes may cause bleeding that is difficult to stop.
- Erythropenia – the fall of the red blood cells responsible for oxygen transfer, resulting in the development of oxygen starvation in the tissues.
- Malignant transformation of cells under radiation breaks down the process of maturation and differentiation of cells, they begin randomly to share, causing the growth of tumors.
Adverse effects of x-rays occurs in the case of long term exposure. When scanning on modern machines with a digital recorder radiation exposure is reduced in several times, so the likelihood of negative consequences is minimal. One off survey raises the risk of cancer by 0.001% is negligible, so the x-rays at least 5 times a year is not dangerous, the resulting harm from it is minimal.