X-ray (x-ray mammography), breast
Breast pathology meet often enough, the female breast cancer is the most diagnosed malignant disease often leading to disability or death. Crucial in the early diagnosis of cancer of the process is x-ray mammography. For many women, referral for mammography raises many questions – what does this study how it goes and what shows?
Description of the research
In most cases, x-ray examination of mammary glands is appointed by the doctors for suspected breast cancer. It is through this study can confirm or exclude cancer, affecting mammary glands. Mammography there is a special x-ray – mammography, with a capacity of 20-30 kV. During x-ray scans of the two tubes of the device emit the beam with a low energy, which allows to obtain clear images with a high level of tissue differentiation.
Indications and contraindications to the study
Absolute indication for radiological study of the mammary glands are as follows:
- Seal in the thickness of the breast.
- Different discharge from the nipple is deformed.
- Chest pain, edema, increase or decrease in size.
- Bulging or retraction of any portion of the breast.
As a preventive measure x-ray examination of the chest is indicated in all women after 40, or who is at risk. The risk group includes women diagnosed with one of the following pathologies:
- Benign tumors in the breast (including fibroadenoma).
- Inflammatory diseases (mastitis).
- Neoplasms of genital organs.
- Surgical intervention on the Breasts in history.
Contraindications for mammogram a little. The study is prohibited during pregnancy and breastfeeding. In addition, the scanning procedure is not appropriate for a survey of women younger than 35 years, as they have a high density of glandular tissue, due to which the informative value of surveys is greatly reduced. Under the age of 35 years, it is preferable to ultrasonography.
Preparation and methodology of the survey
Any special preparations the study is not required. Reduce discomfort during the process of radiography can help some steps:
- Scheduling examinations on those days in which Breasts are the least sensitive – most of that first half cycle, 5 to 12 day menstrual cycle.
- The rejection of caffeinated beverages.
Before scanning it is important to inform the doctor about breast implants – in this case the survey methodology is different. With high sensitivity to pain can take painkillers – Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, Nise. In the study it is advisable to bring comfortable clothes that can be easily and quickly removed. You should not wear ornaments on the neck and earlobes – the metal may distort the image.
The repeated passage of mammography are recommended to bring old photos – this will allow the doctor to make a comparative analysis.
The procedure is as follows: a woman stands in front of the apparatus for x-ray features on a special platform one gland. Specialist adjust the height of the platform – the chest is in the raised position between two plates which are pressed from both sides. At this point you can feel the pain and discomfort, which you should inform your doctor, however, compression is a necessary measure to obtain high-quality images.
X-ray scanning is performed on each side. Depending on the results of the survey may need additional shots. Radiation exposure during examinations is 0.4 mSv. For comparison: in fluoroscopy, the exposure is 0.8 mSv. The harm from mammography is negligible, it is much less possible in time revealed no pathology of malignant character.
For capturing images it may take some time – they can wait in the hallway of the clinic. A transcript of results held by the specialist. In the pictures you can detect benign and malignant neoplasms, cysts, inflammatory processes. Experts recommend not to neglect this mandatory research, it is desirable to conduct it at any suspicious symptoms in women over 40.