X-rays of children’s teeth and milk teeth
X-rays of milk teeth is not less than a dental radiography of the teeth permanent dentition. Popular x-ray examination in pediatric dentistry explains the wide spread of caries and its complications in children. High-speed distribution of carious process often leads to pulpitis and periodontitis, so the dentist is important to know about the depth of the pathological process and the state of permanent teeth germs for the selection of the correct method of treatment.
A description of the method
In pediatric dentistry treatment of caries and its complications is rarely held without an x-ray of baby’s teeth. In children the thickness of the bones of the jaws, between the roots of deciduous teeth, teeth located the beginnings of the permanent dentition, therefore, before intervention should ascertain the condition of root systems in primary dentition.
In pediatric dentistry intraoral x-rays are often prescribed for the diagnosis of abnormalities of the palatal suture.
Maxilla – paired bone, in some cases, abnormal development of ossification of the median palatal suture does not occur, therefore, for the diagnosis of this state of the children conduct x-ray examination. The survey allows to clarify the degree of ossification, speed, and opening degree of the seam.
Extraoral methods of x-ray diagnosis in child dentistry
One of the common ways wheretobuy panoramic radiography performs the x-ray jaws. The images obtained with panoramic radiography, it is possible to see the tooth row, the alveolar processes with the beginnings, body, and appendages of the jaws, sinuses and zygomatic bones. Large field of view and magnification in 2 times allows to consider in detail the structure of interest.
Orthopantomography or panoramic tomography, is a more modern look wheretobuy radiography. It can help to assess the degree of mineralization of roots and crowns, the level of resorption of roots of deciduous teeth, the slope has prorezalsya and localization of the impacted teeth.
About the dangers of research
We all know that ionizing radiation, the underlying method can have negative impact on the body. Many parents are concerned about the prospect of x-ray examinations of the child, so they often ask about the dangers of x-rays. In the process of imaging level radiation exposure does not exceed the normal range, and when scanning on modern machines – the radio sighting devices, the amount of radiation is reduced in several times.
Radiovisiograph is equipped with a digital sensor, which requires a minimum amount of radiation to obtain a clear image, so the scanning time is reduced several times. On such devices you can safely carry out x-rays of the teeth in children. The resulting image is not displayed on the x-ray film and on a computer monitor, where they can be stored for a long period of time.
In the absence of the opportunity to take pictures on modern machines with digital recorders, you can reduce the amount of radiation other methods available.
It is important to observe all requirements of norms of radiation safety during the procedure, the child should wear a protective lead aprons, and the device must be configured to the minimum dose.
Indications and contraindications to the study
X-rays of teeth (dental) in paediatric dentistry shall be appointed in the following cases:
- Diagnosis of the depth of carious cavity.
- Identification of pulpitis and periodontitis.
- Assessment of the status of permanent teeth germs when planning endodontic treatment.
- Diagnosis and treatment of abnormalities of dentition and occlusion deformities.
- The identification of the causes of delayed eruption of permanent teeth.
Contraindications to dental x-rays little children:
- Poor General condition of the child.
- Pathology of the thyroid gland.
Methodology for conducting and interpreting the results
The process of obtaining x-ray images is not difficult. The technique depends on the type of study. For example, during intraoral radiography child wear a protective apron and is seated on a chair. The doctor asks wide open mouth, then he fingers captures the film wrapped in the envelope in the area of the desired tooth. Then placing the pipe outside of the machine and starts it. The procedure takes no more than a minute, and then immediately issued the final images.
Panoramic picture is a little different – a child must stand at the machine, give him to eat special tube, and then start scanning. At this point the device is rotated around the child’s head, due to this and it turns out the reflecting the condition of the entire dentition as a whole.
To decipher the finished image needs a specialist – a person without special education are unlikely to be able to correctly read the images and see the pathology. An x-ray of the teeth the child at any dental clinic is public or private.