X-rays of the feet and toes of the feet: how you doing?
X-ray examination is one of the most accessible and informative methods of examination. This is one of the most commonly prescribed examinations, for example, an x-ray of the foot is shown not only in injuries but also if you suspect arthritis, flat feet, anomalies of development. X-rays of the toes are often indicated for deformities of the foot – in this case, it becomes the main method of diagnosis.
Indications for radiography
An x-ray of the toes on their own is almost impossible – for this procedure, there are strict indications and contraindications. Medical indications for radiography of the lower extremities are:
The will help the doctor to assess the condition of ligament injuries, that are essential for inflammatory diseases of soft tissues, suspected tumors and bone disorders of any origin. In children x-rays of the toes and feet as a whole helps to identify congenital anomalies. In that case, when you apply the enhancement, the list of indications for radiographic studies is expanding.
Contraindications for this type of survey few:
- pregnancy is an absolute contraindication for carrying out any kind of x-ray examination;
- ongoing bleeding, including internal;
- the serious condition of the patient.
Contrast radiography is not possible in patients with an allergic reaction to the contrast dye, severe liver disease, renal failure, in women who are breastfeeding.
Radiography of the foot and toes
To make x-rays of the toes or the whole foot special training is required. Required for the study area is exposed, and the foot is placed on a special stand. In some cases the load is done – the patient raises his good leg, bending it at the knee to the body weight were investigated in the leg. If possible, rest the patient’s body is covered by a special protective apron – this dramatically reduces the resulting radiation dose.
X-rays of the toes or foot is often conducted from several perspectives – it allows the doctor to obtain the maximum amount of information about the nature of the injury or pathological process. It is the radiography of the toes often allows us to diagnose fractures and cracks pain with such a state passes quickly, and many patients after injury do not seek medical attention in a timely manner. This leads to improper fusion of the bones, the subsequent deformity, the appearance of a false joint, the development of osteomyelitis.
Before conducting x-ray examination, the patient always takes the body with any jewelry – the presence of extraneous metal can make pictures of poor quality.
Advantages diagnostic radiology
Unlike most of the other more modern methods of diagnostics, x-ray is the most simple and informative way of detecting abnormalities that require imaging. X-ray systems are installed in each budget the clinic, and diagnosis are provided free or for a nominal fee. The advantages of such diagnostics include:
- minimal preparation and radiography of the distal extremities generally does not require preliminary preparation of the patient;
- informativeness – one of the standard picture is often enough to identify the existing problems;
- safety and minimum contraindications;
- speed ready the damaged area ready in a few minutes after the procedure;
- the possibility of diagnosis at any age.
Where is the procedure?
Today the question of where to do x-rays, practically does not occur – such installations are equipped with all the municipal clinics and other healthcare facilities. To make x-ray examination of the feet requires a doctor’s referral, and preliminary consultation. Depending on the particular institution, all x-ray systems are slightly different.
All the modern apparatus for this study have a sufficient set of advantages compared to previously used systems:
- the dose received by the patient exposure is minimal;
- the lack of film and harmful chemicals;
- many devices are equipped with Smart Stitching, providing the ability to «glue» the fragments of images, which is important in the study of long bones;
- modern software complexes x-ray provides images of high resolution, which is important for accurate diagnosis;
- the presence of the collimator allows to strictly limit the radiation zone, which is especially important when you need to re-imagery – derived radiation dose remains within the permissible limits;
- quick result – no need to waste time waiting for film developing.
Be wary if radiographic studies?
Be wary of receiving large doses of radiation during the passage of x-ray diagnosis is not necessary. A modern plant for such studies are safe, and rational use are not able to cause harm to the person. Doctors-radiologists use the minimum dose, which allows to get a clear picture of the damaged area. In addition, the holding of such diagnostics is strictly accounted for, and all received radiation dose is recorded and summed, which eliminates the possibility of overdose.
The doctor takes the decision about the need for such diagnostics in a balanced way just like that, without the availability of the testimony of such a diagnosis is not assigned. All data on carried out procedures should be fixed in the history of the disease and persist throughout the patient’s life. So before assigning the next picture, the doctor will take into account this moment.
Tip! If throughout life you often change the place of residence, moving from region to region, medical history with all procedures recorded may be lost. Such people keep a record of all passed x-ray studies alone – it will protect from receiving «excessive» doses of radiation.
In contrast to computer tomography, the radiation of standard x-ray examination is much lower. This makes it possible, by strict medical reasons, to appoint such a study of the distal extremities even for pregnant women. In this case, adherence to precautions – use a special protection of the abdomen.