Food pregnant, in the first and second trimester of fetal development, the basics of proper nutrition and the menu
It is no secret that what kind of food we consume affects not only our health, but also life expectancy. During pregnancy, especially, need to follow the right nutrition for an expectant mother is responsible for the feeling of a new man, whose appearance waiting.
Pregnancy is divided into three stages of development of the baby and the doctors they are designated as trimesters. For every this period of time a new organism in the womb of a pregnant woman developing and growing stronger, so she needs to make sure baby is getting enough nutrition. This requires adjustments to the previous menu and mode of eating. What are the rules of nutrition you need to take for a basis?
- It is necessary to provide meals 5-6 times a day, but it should be small portions. You should carefully chew. Before you go to sleep, you need to get passed 3 hours.
- No alcohol!
- Fried, smoked, salted food is banned instead eat steamed, stewed, baked, boiled.
- Healthy food is grains, vegetables and fruit, salads dressed with vegetable oil.
- During the entire period of pregnancy should take vitamins.
1 trimester: what happens to the embryo
During this period in the womb of a pregnant woman is formed from the embryo fruit. On the third week his heart beats, and the fourth appear on the eyes, develops begins the spine and the intestines and the circulatory and nervous system. At the same time, there is the brain. This is the most crucial weeks in his development, so it is important that the fruit has received all the necessary materials for full formation. In the first trimester of pregnancy, a woman must be especially careful to approach the choice of products.
To during pregnancy the fetus was developing without problems, adequate diet with adequate protein, folic acid, zinc, selenium and copper. Such micronutrients as cobalt, iodine and the b vitamins and vitamin C will help to cope with morning sickness and will contribute to the proper formation of the thyroid gland in the fetus.
Nutrition during the first trimester
What products are most important at this time? To prevent the occurrence of abnormalities in the fetus, should eat foods rich in protein, as it is the building material of cells. Folic acid contributes to the timely sharing of cells and is necessary for the proper development of the nervous system. Deficiency of these substances in the organism of the expectant mother during the first trimester of pregnancy can affect the health of the child after birth. Irreversible effects can be prevented if pregnant diet will contain the following products that include these substances:
- Meat (low-fat) and eggs
- Wholemeal bread, as it is rich in fiber and vitamin b,
- Cheese and cottage cheese minimal fat
- Cabbage, peas, lettuce,
- Fresh juices, better if it will be Apple and celery.
Remember, because what you eat determines the health and life of your unborn baby. You should therefore exclude the following products:
- Fast food and sandwiches (fast food restaurants),
- Chips and crackers,
- Pepper, vinegar, mustard,
- Carbonated drinks
- Coffee, which leads to irreversible effects from an increase in the pressure loss of the fetus.
Replace all of the above vegetables and fruits.
Menu for pregnant 1 trimester
Menu on the first day of the week it is possible to make so:
- For Breakfast boil the milk.
- Lunch will consist of low-fat cottage cheese.
- Lunch should be consumed a bowl of soup, cooked in meat broth.
- The afternoon will consist of salad,
- For dinner, eat a portion of cabbage with rice
- Before bedtime drink a glass of milk.
Menu pregnancy the second day of the week is made so:
- In the morning cook the oatmeal or rice cereal with milk.
- At lunch eat bread with butter,
- At lunch, tuck into fish soup
- In the afternoon you will have a portion (100 g) cottage cheese,
- Dinner consists of oven baked pasta with the liver, filled with yogurt,
- Before bed eat a vegetable salad where one of the ingredients is sea Kale.
Menu pregnancy the third day is composed thus:
- Cottage cheese for Breakfast (100-150 g) and a glass of green tea
- The second Breakfast consists of tea with low-fat cookies,
- At lunch, prepare a soup from vegetables, suitable pumpkin or broccoli
- In the afternoon and tuck into fruit,
- Dinner consists of a steamed meatballs (chicken breast) and mashed potatoes,
- Before bed, treat yourself and yogurt.
Menu of the fourth day of the week is:
- For Breakfast consume buckwheat porridge, boiled in milk, drink a glass of any juice.
- Yogurt — this is your second Breakfast
- Lunch vegetable soup made from broccoli or cauliflower, slice of bread,
- Apple or pear in the afternoon,
- Dinner consists of salad, which is tuna, avocado, tomato, spinach leaves.
- Before bedtime drink cranberry juice.
Menu fifth day of the week in pregnancy.
- For Breakfast eat bread with cheese and tomato wash down with kefir or ryazhenka.
- The second Breakfast consists of orange.
- At lunch, prepare the pasta and meatballs, dilute them with vegetable salad.
- In the afternoon enjoy nuts walnuts.
- Dinner will consist of baked potato with sour cream. Prepare and drink herbal tea.
- A glass of kefir before going to sleep.
The sixth day diet for a pregnant looks like this:
- Cheesecakes from cottage cheese minimal fat and herbal tea consumed at Breakfast.
- A handful of dried apricots — lunch.
- In the afternoon prepare a vegetable soup with chicken pieces. Eat a slice of whole wheat bread.
- In the afternoon — RUB the carrots with the Apple.
- Lettuce with cheese and tomatoes for dinner.
- A glass of milk before bed.
The morning of the seventh day we meet:
- Oatmeal with milk and an Apple. Drink the juice.
- The second Breakfast consists of a banana.
- For lunch cook chicken soup, chop up the tomatoes for the salad. Drink tea.
- In the afternoon you need to eat any fruit.
- Chicken cutlet cook with steamed vegetables is for dinner.
- Before bed drink a yogurt.
As it became clear from the above menu for each day, cooking is very simple. You can also use it as a basis for further independent composition. Most importantly, should follow the rules of nutrition that are important for the first trimester of pregnancy, and of course all the doctor’s orders.
The second trimester of pregnancy
In this period the fetus is already formed almost all organs and systems is their intensive development. The mass of the brain increases the fruit has to breathe. Now pregnant women need products that will not only contribute to the growth and development of the fetus, but also to provide sufficient oxygen.
Tab rudiments of the teeth and strengthening of the skeletal system requires increased amounts of calcium. A pregnant woman who has entered the second trimester, should know that the product is well digested only with vitamin D, so it is necessary to focus and to properly combine foods, or simply to use those that are full of both. These include the following products:
- Egg yolk,
- The liver of marine fish,
In the second trimester of pregnancy it is important to monitor their weight, it should not exceed the established norm. You should control the amount of intake of fluid and salt, and carbohydrates, as these are the foods that promote fast weight. Because the kid during this period need oxygen, should walk on the street.
Diet during pregnancy, especially during the second trimester, should not include spicy and smoked, fried and fatty. Should not be tempted sausages and sausages will also hurt a sweet and flour dishes.
In the second trimester it is better to limit the availability of products that cause allergic reactions. Since baby can be born allergic. It’s a citrus, exotic fruits, strawberry.
The fruit of this period has already established enough of the genitourinary system. Therefore, the liver pregnant works in a special load, since it is necessary to cleanse the body of toxins. She needs help with the exception of some products. During this period you should refrain from eating starchy foods and sweets, as these products trigger weight gain that will cause the pregnant woman to varicose veins and pain in legs.
Menu 2 trimester of pregnancy
Diet each day consists of the following products:
- In the morning of the first day, consume bread with cheese and tomatoes. Boiled egg.
- Cheese and raisins eat lunch.
- Vegetable soup for lunch.
- Yogurt should drink in the afternoon.
- Dinner consists of salad, avocado and lettuce.
- The infusion of rose hips have a bedtime.
Diet pregnant on the second day:
- Cook for Breakfast oatmeal with milk.
- Banana, Apple and nuts eat lunch.
- Lunch will consist of chicken soup.
- Snack eat 100 grams of cottage cheese.
- Vegetable stew with slices of lean meat for dinner.
- Kefir or yogurt — before sending to sleep.
Diet during pregnancy the third day consists of the following dishes:
- Omelette — for Breakfast,
- Low — fat yogurt for lunch,
- Soup of meat or fish for lunch,
- Any fruit in the afternoon,
- Milk porridge for dinner.
- Before bedtime, eat salad vegetables or fruit.
On the fourth day of the week during pregnancy consume the following meals:
- For Breakfast cook cheese cakes with raisins, add sour cream.
- For lunch, eat a handful of nuts, walnuts or almonds.
- Lunch — lentil soup.
- Afternoon snack consists of an Apple or pear.
- For dinner, enjoy an oven baked tomato chicken and boiled rice and tea.
- Before bed — yogurt.
The fifth day of the diet during pregnancy consists of meals:
- An omelette and a sandwich for Breakfast.
- Tomato juice — lunch.
- In the afternoon, prepare a vegetable stew with meat.
- Seasonal fruit in the afternoon.
- Dinner consists of spaghetti with sauce of tomato.
- Before bedtime drink a glass of herbal tea.
The sixth day of the week diet pregnant implies acceptance of the following dishes:
- Breakfast — cottage cheese with chopped fruit
- On the second — bread and a piece of cheese,
- Lunch consists of steamed buckwheat with beef, vegetable salad and green tea.
- In the afternoon, drink the juice or eat the fruit.
- Dinner — chicken breast and tomatoes baked, vegetable salad.
- Bedtime — milk (200 g).
The seventh day is the diet during pregnancy is this:
- Milk corn porridge with dried apricots for Breakfast.
- On the second or yogurt.
- Cabbage soup, vegetable salad for lunch.
- Afternoon snack — handful of nuts or dried fruit.
- For dinner zucchini fritters with sour cream. Infusion of rose hips.
- Before bed — yogurt.
In conclusion, healthy eating is the Foundation for proper development of foetus, so to compile a daily menu should be approached with rigor and responsibility.