Gastric and duodenal ulcers: the diet in the period of exacerbation, sample menu, list of products
Gastric ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer is caused by a defect and damage of the mucosa. An ulcer develops when there is a disruption of the protective functions of the digestive system. Experts say that the emergence of the disease due to aggressive effect on the stomach wall and intestines bacteria Helicobacter Pillory. This bacterium is present in almost every person, but unstable emotional background, i.e. stress, can trigger its development, and as a result, will develop an ulcer.
It is extremely important to know and always remember about the factors contributing to and influencing the occurrence of ulcers symptoms of stomach:
- a person’s predisposition to the disease;
- time untreated diseases of the stomach, for example, gastritis, and cholecystitis;
- irregular and poor nutrition;
- the habit of eating spicy food;
- alcohol and nicotine dependence, reducing the protective function of the gastrointestinal tract;
- emotional disruptions and stress, stress.
The role of diet in acute ulcers of the stomach and intestines
Gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer is dangerous because it can threaten human life. Destroying the mucous membrane and often penetrating into the muscle tissue, the disease is able to perforate the intestinal wall. In this way penetration of the contents into the peritoneum.
When not treated there is risk of development of destructive process that can develop a sudden internal bleeding. Over time, this disease can grow into other more serious problem – cancer, it is called duodenal cancer.
The principles of diet
So, knowing all the threats which are fraught with delayed treatment of gastric ulcers and duodenal ulcers, time to consider diet during exacerbation of ulcer. In the period of exacerbation is extremely important to follow a strict diet and to observe a mode:
- Diet for a stomach ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer during the exacerbation should be in the first place sparing.
- Food intake should be divided into small portions. There are at least 5 times a day, hourly.
- It is important to observe the temperature of food. Can’t eat too hot and too cold food. The optimum temperature of 60 degrees.
- To monitor the amount of consumed salt 1 incomplete teaspoon per day.
- All diet menu must have a pureed form.
- To exclude strong drink: tea, coffee, alcohol.
- Strictly forget about any spice, as they along with these foods stimulate gastric secretion.
- Do not eat fatty broths, and canned mushrooms.
- To monitor the amount of food intake. The total mass of the menu should not exceed two and a half pounds.
- Be mindful of the ratio daily value of protein, no more than 10 grams; and fats no more than 90 grams.
The diet in gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer
Due to the fact that today the problem of stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer were studied deeper, nutrition recommendations for patients are not as strict as before. Specialists in this field say with confidence about the role of proper diet in the treatment of the disease under consideration.
Until recently, the system of medical supply includes 15 specially designed diets. Another name of diet — «tables of clinical nutrition». The numbering of these tables were distributed in accordance with the problems. For example, tables 1-5 are special diets for people with diseases and digestive disorders. Table 6 shows patients with serious metabolic processes and so on.
Today, such a system is radically changed to the «New nomenclature of diets», and includes 5 versions of «tables», which are basically the previous 15 tables. Every week experts recommend to change the food set.
In any case it is not necessary to choose a diet. You need to pass a medical examination. The specialist will prescribe all the tests to determine how serious ulcerative process and after diagnosis will help determine the correct version of the «table».
Option diet during exacerbation of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer
Diet No. 1(A)
Such a diet show exacerbation in the first 12 days of the start of acute ulcers. With a diet is acceptable to use the following products and dishes:
- Enveloping soups on the basis of semolina, oat flakes and rice cereals.
- Dairy pureed porridge from cereals, the exception is wheat.
- Eggs, cooked soft-boiled or an omelette prepared on pair.
- Milk and fresh cream and cheese souffle, which needs to cook for a couple.
- Exclusively butter, which you want to add to a cooked dish.
- Boiled meat without fat, such as chicken breast, veal tenderloin, fish fillets.
- Sweet berry-fruit jelly.
Continuation of the diet in the next 10 days will be the introduction in the diet of crackers white wheat bread. However, there can be no more than 100 grams in one day. To diversify the diet will help the meat of lean beef and diet of the rabbit. Of them it is desirable to prepare patties or meatballs for a couple.
After 20 days from exacerbation of peptic ulcer disease menu becomes more varied. A valid introduction in the diet of a product like dry biscuits or cake, a couple times a week pies with cooked meat or fresh fruit and berries.
Added mashed vegetables and boiled noodles. Useful to drink fresh juices from beets and carrots. You can gradually introduce the daily menu bananas, strawberries, celery juice and cabbage. Meat and fish can no longer be wiped clean, and to cook small pieces.
We need to continue to adhere to the principles of the diet and not to forget that spices can not be used categorically in the aggravation of ulcer and also in the recovery period. It is also extremely important to remember about regular food intake in remission, it means that there should be no less than 4 times a day and the food should be balanced.
Limitations, which should not be forgotten that alcohol, mustard, tomatoes in any form, as well as coffee and drinks with coffee. Minimize the intake of oranges, grass, sorrel.
Sample menu for a day diet No. 1(A)
Based on sample menu for the day with the same success to make the menu for the week and collect any food set.
First meal (Breakfast) — soft egg and a small Cup of milk. If desired, the milk is diluted a bit with water.
The second meal (lunch) – jelly of fruit or berries, or milk to choose from.
Third meal (lunch) — milk soup (slimy), meat or fish soufflé, steamed, fruit jellies or lemon.
Fourth meal (afternoon tea) – vitamin teas from hips, omelette without oil.
Fifth meal (dinner) – mashed grain porridge, a choice of a soft-boiled egg or soufflé cheese.
At night it is best to drink a glass of milk or vitamin tea. However, it is important to remember that the rose, being a part of this tea that has a diuretic effect.
Recipes for peptic ulcer
To prepare a wholesome soup that have a positive effect on the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract in peptic ulcer disease, quite easily. The dish is not very expensive, and suitable for these purposes, the product set can be found in almost any kitchen.
Recipe rice soup
To prepare the following foods for this diet and easy meals:
To fully tenderize the rice. It will take at least two hours. Drain. The remaining weight is put again on the fire, add the sugar, salt and a little boil.
In advance, prepare the egg-milk mixture. For this beat a raw egg and gradually poured hot milk. On low heat with constant stirring brewed a thick mass. Boil is not necessary.
To fill the resulting mass of the soup, put a piece of butter.
Recipe steam soufflé veal
To prepare the dish is quite easy, with the proper skill it will take a little time and you get a very appetizing. You need to take the following products:
- veal small piece;
- cow milk, pasteurized or substitute sour cream 15% fat;
- chicken egg;
- flour 1.5 tablespoons;
Chilled meat a couple times to crank the grinder or blender at high revs. Small portions pour the resulting mixture into the milk or put cream. To separate the protein from the yolk. The latter also goes into the stuffing. Salt. With continuous stirring, should get a homogeneous mass.
Protein pour is not necessary. He is whipped and sent to the mashed meat. The pan to coat with oil. The finished mince is evenly distributed over the surface of the pan. Everything is placed in a water bath and prepared. Ready souffle butter.
This dish is to diversify the diet menu for stomach ulcers.
To summarize, we can draw the following conclusion, if health was not maintained, there’s always a chance to try to recover at least partially. No need to put off going to the doctor, he will prescribe appropriate treatment and help you choose the perfect diet for each day and week.