Gastritis with high acidity: characteristics of the disease, symptoms, treatment and a special diet
Many people, most aged 20 to 50 years, there gastritis with high acidity. This disease is characterized by inflammation of the stomach walls, which increases the production of hydrochloric acid. Reasons leading to this, quite a lot, but the main are improper diet, abuse of drugs, stress and unhealthy lifestyle.
For a successful recovery from this illness should take appropriate medications and a special diet, which is able to eliminate all the unpleasant symptoms.
Classification of the disease
Gastritis may have some classification:
- the nature of the disease can be acute and chronic;
- for acidity of the stomach with high and low acidity.
Symptoms depend on the species, but the most characteristic of them – heaviness after eating, stomach pain, belching, heartburn, nausea, loss of appetite, diarrhea or constipation.
Gastritis with high acidity manifests itself as follows:
- aching pain occurring in the epigastric region, in the region of the left hypochondrium;
- the regurgitation is a characteristic symptom that is of high acidity, since reduced when food is poorly digested, sometimes belching rotten;
- nausea and vomiting – nausea usually happens on an empty stomach, and vomiting occurs after ingestion of large amounts of acidic products;
- bloating – for this disease is characterized by constipation, which contribute to the development of fermentation processes that cause bloating and gas formation;
- night pain – if this symptom of pain beset upon the big break in the meal.
Chronic gastritis with high acidity, doesn’t have such severe symptoms and occurs only when the following provoking factors:
- the abuse of alcohol;
- a lot of stress;
- a big break in the meal;
- food poisoning;
- eating too much greasy, spicy, cold or hot food.
These factors cause aggravation until the acute ulcers or erosions. Chronic gastritis is characterized by prolonged changes of the mucous membrane and aggravation of causes of acute.
Therefore, if after eating there is pain or heaviness in the stomach, nausea, unstable stool, increased flatulence, should be immediately examined by a gastroenterologist. Such symptoms can have not just gastritis, but more severe disease of the gastrointestinal tract.
To make an accurate diagnosis, the doctor prescribes endoscopy. In this procedure the patient swallows a hose, through which samples are taken of the bio tissues and measured acidity. As a result, the sowing is carried out on the subject of H. pylori and determine the level of acidity for diagnosis.
In addition, the doctor prescribes the General analysis of blood and urine to determine completeness. Occasionally ultrasound of the bile system, which can also cause problems.
The treatment of the disease
Treatment of gastritis does a gastroenterologist. Before that, he carefully studies the patient’s medical history, General health, concomitant disease, when medication is not any side effects.
The effectiveness of treatment of gastritis depends on how running is an inflammatory process, and the discipline of the patient.
Treatment of gastritis with high acidity of the antibiotics is for two weeks. Usually the doctor prescribes such drugs as «Clarithromycin», «Amoxicillin», «Tetracycline» and «Metronidazole».
The most effective antibiotics are considered as «Amoxicillin» and «Clarithromycin». However, the bioavailability of the latter is below half, and its maximum effect is achieved only in an alkaline environment.
Antibiotics penetrating into the blood system that quickly reach the mucous membrane of the antrum, and begin to accumulate there, exerting a bacteriostatic and bactericidal action. Side effects of these drugs are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, epigastric pain, dizziness, headache, tinnitus, insomnia, pruritus, stomatitis.
To treat gastritis antibacterial drugs was much more effective doctor prescribe antisecretory medications group., which inhibit the production of hydrochloric acid, resulting in reduced pain.
The treatment is carried out the following preparations: «Omeprazole», «Rabeprazole», «Esomeprazole», «Lansoprazole», «Pantoprazole». Side effects of these medicines are: dizziness, headache, irregular bowel movement, dry mouth, nausea, skin rashes, abdominal pain. During their chronic administration, especially in high doses, increases the risk of bone fracture.
Treatment of bismuth and other antacids
If the treatment of gastritis of the above drugs has not brought the desired result, patients are prescribed a product containing salts of heavy metal bismuth – «Bismuth subcitrate». It has a shielding, antibacterial and antacid effects. Bismuth salts react with gastric acid to form a film on the mucous membrane that creates a barrier for diffusion of acid.
In the treatment this drug may cause following side effects: vomiting, diarrhea, nausea. It is contraindicated for people suffering from kidney dysfunction, pregnant and lactating women, and children.
Antacids and alginates are symptomatic medications used for the treatment of gastritis with high acidity. Their goal is to temporarily relieve the patient by reducing pain.
The admission of such antacids as «aluminium phosphate gel», «Gel» helps for some time to neutralize stomach acid. Due to the therapeutic effects of alginates (for example, «Gaviscon») on the mucosa of the stomach forms a gel-like protective coating, but the decline of acidity of gastric juice takes place.
Antacids in the form of powders, chewable tablets and suspensions are able to provide a short-term effect, almost without causing such unpleasant phenomena as flatulence, diarrhea and vomiting.
Treatment of folk remedies
Gastritis with high acidity can be treated with the help of recipes of traditional medicine. For this purpose, the infusions and decoctions of medicinal plants that resist the effects of hydrochloric acid on the shell of the stomach. But we should remember that no recipes are not able to cure the cause of the disease.
Relieve gastritis help herbs such as chamomile, calendula, peppermint, marsh cudweed, St. John’s wort, fireweed uzkolisty, liquorice, burdock.
In gastritis with high acidity of diet, even for one week can bring great benefit. But to cure this disease need to observe a diet not less than three months.
Meat, fish, vegetables
When choosing meat, it is necessary to focus on the fact that it was fat and coarse fibers (tendons, cartilage). Use it in boiled and steamed.
Allowed: veal, beef, chicken, pork tenderloin, rabbit, Turkey.
Prohibited: jelly, sausage, canned meat, goose, duck, beef broth.
When you diet you should choose lean varieties of fish, before cooking it is advisable to remove it from the skin.
Allowed: cod, whiting, river perch, bream, Pollock, hake, flounder, cod, pike.
Forbidden: canned food, fish broth, salt and smoked fish.
Make sure with the diet you should eat vegetables and fruits, boiled and mashed to a pulp. These dishes soothe irritated stomach and facilitate digestion. Sure for lunch you need to cook vegetable soups-mashed potatoes on carrot or potato soup, and milk.
Allowed: cauliflower, potatoes, beets, carrots. In limited quantities (up to 100 g) should eat mashed peas, braised and steamed zucchini and squash, non-acidic tomatoes without the skin.
It is prohibited to: sauerkraut and fresh cabbage, onions, garlic, mushrooms, radish, radishes, cucumbers, turnips, spinach, sorrel, soup, soup, homemade pickles and marinades.
During the diet cereals cooked in milk or water. It is also recommended to prepare a soufflé, pudding, soup or porridge. Thanks to their enveloping consistency eliminates the irritation of mucous membranes and are constipated.
Allowed: oatmeal, semolina, pasta, rice, buckwheat.
Prohibited: wheat, barley, barley grits.
Bread and pastries
Allowed: cookies, cheesecake, nesdobnoe cakes, little dried bread made from flour, pies with apples, boiled fish or meat, dry biscuits.
Forbidden: baking, rye fresh bread, puff pastry.
During the diet of milk porridge and soups are an integral part of the diet. Milk helps neutralize the acidic stomach aggressive environment.
Allowed: sour kefir and yogurt, cheese, milk, sour cream, cream, mild cheese, grated.
Prohibited: dairy products with high acidity, sharp cheeses.
Eggs, sweets, fruits, drinks
A day should eat no more than three eggs, cooked boiled.
Allowed: steam omelet.
Prohibited: fried eggs, hard-boiled eggs.
Recommended sweets: stewed fruit, fruit puree, sour jam, jelly.
Forbidden: ice cream, honey, chocolate and gum, which helps produce hydrochloric acid.
Eat fruits ought to make up for deficiency of vitamins. In no case can not eat them on an empty stomach.
Allowed: mashed potatoes fresh fruit and berries, fruit juices, fruit drinks, baked or boiled fruits.
Forbidden: unripe and sour fruits and berries.
When the diet recommend the following drinks: weak tea, cocoa, coffee with milk, slightly warmed mineral water from the released gas, berry and fruit juices diluted in the ratio 1:1.
Prohibited: alcohol, brew strong tea, coffee, lemonade.
Thus, gastritis with high acidity should be treated in different ways, but it is best to stick to a diet that is not able to harm. If the patient refuse from bad habits, it is possible to get rid of this disease and prevent stomach ulcers.