How to explain blood sugar 7: how dangerous it is, what it means, first aid
For normal activity the human body needs to many different elements, including glucose. It is important because it ensures 50% energy. However, if glucose is in the blood too much, it can have the opposite effect, causing harm to our health. Therefore, anyone who is faced with the problem of high blood sugar, should know how to handle this situation.
Normal blood sugar levels
Before one learns, he has elevated glucose levels or not, it is necessary to pass a special test to take capillary blood from a finger for analysis. To sugar analysis showed significant results before going to the clinic should be within a few hours not to eat and drink. It is also recommended to refrain eve from eating large quantities of sugar and alcohol. Analysis can show some people have increased sugar, if they have an infectious disease. Because of this such patients are not prescribed the surrender of such analysis.
In an adult the normal level of glucose is 3.3–5.5 mmol/l or 60-100 mg/DL. If the results showed that the glucose level is more than 5.5, it is possible to make a conclusion about elevated blood sugar. This is a sufficient reason for going to a doctor who will give you a recommendation. To treat such indicators need to seriously since they signal the presence of a certain disease. If on analysis it seems to the blood from the vein, then it is the normal rate of glucose will be different and will be the 4.0–6.1 mmol/l.
Much more complicated is the situation with pregnant women, which the body more sensitive to glucose. Because they require energy not only for themselves but also for the baby. Because of this, during pregnancy, normal glucose level will be increased and will amount to 3.8 – 5.8 mmol/L.
Especially attention must be paid to their health pregnant women at 24-28 weeks of pregnancy. At this stage, there is a risk of development of gestational diabetes or gestational diabetes. Sometimes it goes by itself, and sometimes on the background of may develop diabetes. For this reason you need to undergo regular checking of glucose level in pregnant women.
For kids under the age of one year is considered normal rate of blood sugar of 2.8–4.4 mmol/l, up to 5 years – 3,3–5,0 mmol/l in children older for a normal blood sugar level take the indicators that is used for adults.
Why may increase the sugar?
In the human body presents particular regulatory mechanisms to maintain constant level glucose in the blood. Usually after a meal, its amount starts to increase dramatically, however, the body quickly corrects the situation and recycle it into animal starch – glycogen. This substance is deposited in the form of reserves in the liver and muscles and used when necessary.
Dangerous health situation occurs in the case when these mechanisms no longer work correctly. In this case there is a change in the level of glucose in the blood: decreasing developing hypoglycemia, increase the hyperglycemia. To lead to higher blood sugar levels can two groups of reasons: physiological and pathological.
Under physiological factors is implied:
- improper diet;
- stressful situation;
- physical activity.
The increase of glucose level in the blood may be due to the presence of certain diseases:
- diabetes mellitus;
- certain diseases of the Central nervous system;
- kidney disease;
- myocardial infarction etc.
The peculiarities of nutrition with hyperglycemia
If a person is diagnosed with hyperglycemia, he shall as soon as possible to go on a special diet, which is based on the use of products with low content of glucose and other carbohydrates, especially easily digestible.
Another rule of this diet is to limit calorie intake. In the first place to observe this rule is necessary for those who have pronounced the problem of excess weight. Choosing low-calorie foods, you need to consider that with them the body must receive sufficient vitamins and minerals.
Having had elevated blood sugar, patients must strictly adhere to the diet. It is necessary not only to observe the mealtimes, but also to increase their number to 5-6 a day. You should pay attention to the portion size that should be small, this will help to avoid overeating.
To make a correct diet alone the average person is very difficult. It is therefore necessary to seek the assistance of a specialist. It is a mistake to assume that we need only to choose foods appropriate for the calorie content and nutrient content. When menus has to take into account additional factors: weight, size of fat education, presence of additional diseases, the body’s reaction to certain foods. When calculating the caloric level of the diet, and pay attention to the nature of the activity and the degree of physical activity.
People with high blood sugar will have to abandon the use of certain products. However, not everyone is that easy to do. So you can discuss this with your doctor. It is not excluded that it can offer a way out of this situation. At elevated sugar need to avoid foods containing large amounts of carbohydrates. This list traditionally includes sugar, jam, confectionery, grapes, raisins, figs, etc.
To a complete rejection of the sweet did not lead to discomfort, it can be replaced with honey. However, it is necessary to comply with the measure, using it not more than two or three times a day one teaspoon.
The fact of switching to a diet does not mean you must limit the intake of all without an exception products. Many types of vegetables are beneficial, so you can eat them in any quantity. But with the carrots and beets need to be careful. Because of the special effects to include them in the diet is needed after consultation with your doctor. Welcome to menu greens in large amounts which the body will get a lot of useful vitamins. You can combine different options, used for cooking a variety of dishes onions, parsley, dill, lettuce and cilantro.
In order not to abandon baked goods, you should pay attention to breads with low carbohydrate content. These are rye, protein-branny and protein-wheat bread. In protein bread has a special ingredient — gluten, or gluten. However, sometimes patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 is often marked by intolerance to gluten. It is therefore necessary to look closely to his condition after the use of such bread. If he acts badly, leading to unpleasant sensations in the gastrointestinal tract, contact your doctor to have it picked up you another option.
A day your body has to obtain 40% of the daily value for carbohydrates. In other words, if in a conversation with the specialist you found out that she is 300 grams, it means that every day you should eat 130 g of bread.
Some can cause harm and some fruits. Primarily it refers to the bananas due to high sugar content. Safe at elevated sugar are apples, pears, plums, peaches and apricots and various berries. Juice is recommended to choose either fresh or the ones that were made using sugar substitutes.
In the menu, note that it must contain components, which contain few carbohydrates and rich in protein. In line with this, on your Desk regularly must be present lean meat, poultry, fish, vegetable oil, dairy products, cheese and cottage cheese.
Choosing drinks for daily consumption, it is recommended to prefer yeast drink broth hips.
Today supermarkets offer a wide variety of products, among which you can find and those that, even having a sweet taste, does not contain glucose. They can be used for cooking recipes where it is listed among the ingredients sugar. Be very careful when purchasing prepared foods, be sure to verify their composition. You need to use only those where there is a sweetener.
Quite often the food industry uses xylitol. This sweetener is the by-product of processing cotton seeds and cores of corn. He is as sweet as conventional sugar, but unlike the latter does not increase blood glucose. To use it is useful here also because of the low caloric content: 100 grams of this substance contains about 400 calories. But keep in mind that some people may be intolerance of the xylitol, which can be expressed in the form of a choleretic and laxative effect.
A rich source of fructose are fruits, berries and honey. This is a great sweetener, but consume it in moderation. Then she at least will lead to increased glucose, but not much.
Blood sugar 11: what to do
A common symptom of diabetes is a sharp increase in the level of glucose in the blood. The biggest challenge such a seizure can deliver to those people who do not know about the existence of the problem. So be attentive to any changes in their health, and in particular to the following:
- frequent urination;
- the constant feeling of hunger and the urge nausea;
- dry mouth;
- fuzzy and blurry vision;
- headache and abdominal pain;
- weakness and irritability;
- feeling the breath of the presence of acetone.
Upon detection of relatives of these symptoms, you should know what to do in such a situation, you should immediately call an ambulance. Waiting for the arrival of doctors, do not waste time in vain: man you need to put in a well-ventilated room.
Elevated blood sugar is a serious message that should make you think about what your health something wrong. Someone may think that there is nothing to worry and it goes all pass, however, such things never remain without consequences. In some cases, this may be the beginning of developing diabetes, and if you do not take prompt measures, it is possible subsequently to face more serious symptoms.
Elevated blood sugar indicates that it is urgent to reconsider its power. It is logical to assume that attention should be paid to sugar-containing foods. You first need to give up sugar, finding him useful substitutes. But given that not all of us know where a danger may come, it is not necessary to do hasty conclusions and to make their own menu, and it is better to consult a specialist.