Nutrition for surgery on the bowel: what you can eat after surgery for cancer, especially diet
Bowel cancer is a severe disease of the gastrointestinal tract, which causes intestinal obstruction. Diet and eating the right foods after surgery contribute to a better digestion, transport of nutrients and help the body fight the illness. Try to understand what nutritional guidelines should be followed in Oncology to maintain the body.
Why the need to diet after surgery bowel?
Bowel cancer currently often occurs because of malnutrition, mainly when a person uses fried or high-protein food in large quantities. Very popular are establishments for a quick bite to eat in a hurry. Usually there for cooking use butter not fresh, which affects its usefulness.
In addition, if the diet not enough vegetables and fruits, it negatively affects the process of digestion. All these factors lead to the fact that there are various digestive disorders that can cause later cancers. Properly designed diet after the surgery helps the body as quickly as possible to recover.
Principles of the diet
On the first day after surgery, the patient is forbidden to take any food. The human body at this time was a huge stress, and because of the violation of the integrity of the intestine, there is a General weakness, nausea and lack of appetite. Eating foods may contribute to joints, resulting in food enters the abdominal cavity, causing inflammation.
In the first two hours after surgery the patient is forbidden even to drink water and if they suffer from a thirst that can only moisten his lips. Subsequently to replenish the water balance, the patient should drink plenty of fluids, but only small portions.
Nutrition for surgery on the intestines should be composed of medical diet №4, which is characterized by chemical, mechanical and thermal sparing effect, thereby reducing the risk of inflammatory process and accelerates healing. But such a diet has a certain negative – health food contains small amounts of nutrients and therefore the vitamin is found almost every patient.
Diet for bowel cancer appoints only the attending physician taking into account individual peculiarities of the organism. During the day you should eat at least 6 times, and it needs to be very much crushed, so basically the diet consists of various purees and liquids. The amount eaten per day should be around three pounds.
What is allowed is for bowel cancer?
What can you eat with cancer – it is a topical issue for patients with this disease. The diet after surgery should include:
- fish and lean meat broths;
- crushed cereal (rice, pearl barley and semolina);
- wheat crackers;
- lean meat, poultry, and fish (veal, beef, Turkey);
Also in the diet, after processing, injected fruits and vegetables. Diluted fruit juice is added to the list of permitted drinks, and vegetable broths – beef broth.
The diet strictly prohibits the consumption of the following fruits:
- apricots and other irritating mucous.
It is strictly forbidden to drink and to eat cold, as the low temperature contributes to the irritation and cause problems with the blood supply of the intestine. Gradually in the diet you should add solid foods that help to prepare the body to a normal diet.
After the patient are discharged from hospital, he must include in your diet the following products, which prevent the development of malignancies:
- soy and soy products;
- broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower;
- garlic, onion;
- sunflower and pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, almonds;
- fish (flounder).
The introduction of new products in diet is carried out after the surgical wound completely healed, and digestion is normalized. When you do this, be sure to consult with your doctor as soon as he needs to select products, given the patient’s condition.
What is forbidden to eat after surgery for bowel cancer?
Diet in the postoperative period, in Oncology prohibits the use of a variety of products. These include:
- a piece of bread and pastries;
- berries and fruits;
- fatty meats, poultry and fish;
- carbonated beverages;
- dairy products;
- barley, millet, barley;
- foods that contain sugar.
These products are considered to be strong stimuli that increase intestinal motility, and it has a negative impact on the healing of surgical wounds. In addition, they contribute to increased gas formation and start the fermentation process and also stimulate the excessive secretion of digestive secrets. This leads to the fact that the intestine lies with increased load and increases the risk of divergence of stitches during surgery.
After discharge from the hospital, this list is reduced, but by the final travel of meats, sweets, alcohol, fatty fried foods. In the first 3 to 4 weeks after surgery should be followed strict restrictions. Subsequently, in order to avoid vitamin deficiency, deficiency of minerals and nutrients, the number of products expand.
Thus, diet after surgery for cancer (bowel cancer) is a complex scheme of prohibitions and restrictions. Although fresh processed food does not cause any pleasure from it, but thanks to this diet the body easier recovering from surgery.