Powder magnesium: which helps this tool how much it costs, usage instructions and contraindications
Many know this drug as magnesium sulfate, which is also called magnesia. But for what it can be used, don’t know everything. This is a multifaceted chemical that is used in various spheres of human life.
This article will present information on magnesia: instructions for use, the necessary dosage is what it helps, as well as contraindications to this drug.
Before answering the question, what helps a tool such as magnesia, it is necessary to become more familiar with this substance. This is a very useful mineral, with a large number of positive properties.
It is in every cell, so it is an imbalance in the body leads to adverse consequences. This element contributes to the normal functioning of muscles, bones become strong, and the nervous system comes in order.
If in the body there is a lack of magnesia, doctors prescribe the drug based on this substance, which:
- dilates blood vessels;
- relaxes the muscles of the uterus;
- helps against cramps;
- displays the accumulated bile.
Methods of administration of the drug
According to the instructions on the application, there are various ways of introducing this powder.
Intramuscular. Injection of magnesia is considered «painful», so to enter the drug you need very slowly, otherwise, there is a lot of pain. Quite often the area where the shot was given, as it starts to go numb, and the patient difficult to make a move.
With this method of introduction is achieved hypotonic, soothing, anticonvulsant, antiarrhythmic, and vasodilatory effect. Large doses cause narkotikaproblem, and tocolytic sedative effect. An hour later, after the drug starts its effect.
Intravenous. Such a method takes 20 to 40 minutes. The first time the drug is administered is also very slow, so the organism could get used to it. The patient may be ill, he starts to feel dizzy, even lying down, there is a strong nausea. In these times the time is usually shorter.
With this method of injection achieved the same effect as the intramuscular method. Only act the drug begins almost immediately, after 30 minutes.
Such a method consists in reception of a suspension of the powder through the mouth. After 1/2–3 hours magnesia will have a choleretic and laxative effect, which can last from 4 to 6 hours.
This is due to the fact that the drug causes an influx of water into the lumen of the bowel, diluting the stool, which begin to increase in volume, causing the active defecation. The flow of bile is improved due to irritation of the walls of the duodenum. The portion of drug excreted by the kidneys.
In addition, the slurry of magnesium sulfate is used as an antidote for poisoning with lead, arsenic, mercury and barium salts. The reason is that magnesium is able to influence a poisonous substance, and, as it has a laxative effect, then quickly removes it from the body together with feces.
There are also other uses of magnesia. A solution of this powder is used for electrophoresis, compresses, healing baths and local impacts on surface wounds.
Electrophoresis with a solution of magnesia has a soothing and vasodilator action. Sometimes with a physiotherapy cure warts. The use of the solution for compresses and bandages improves the blood flow in the skin tissues and has analgesic and resolving effect.
Indications and contraindications
According to the instructions, the use of magnesia are shown in the following cases:
- Swelling of the brain.
- The threat of premature birth.
- Ventricular arrhythmias.
- Excessive sweating.
- The cholecystitis.
- Bronchial asthma.
- Treatment of warts.
- Duodenal intubation.
- Poisoning with heavy metals.
- Urinary retention.
- Treatment infiltrates and wounds.
Magnesia, according to the instructions for use has the following contraindications:
- prenatal period;
- severe renal failure;
- atrioventricular block;
- the depression of the respiratory center;
- rectal bleeding;
- intestinal obstruction.
Interaction with other medications
If magnesia be administered simultaneously with other drugs, often there is a weakening or strengthening actions of a means.
With the combination of the sulphate of magnesium with muscle relaxants peripheral action begins to intensify the effect of muscle relaxants. With oral anticoagulants, Phenothiazines and cardiac glycosides decreases effectiveness of these drugs.
With Tobramycin and Streptomycin – leads to a reduction of antibacterial effect. With the Nifedipine – arises expressed muscle weakness. With Ciprofloxacin – is an increase in the antibacterial effect.
Tetratziklinove with antibiotics decreases the effectiveness of these drugs and their absorption from the gastrointestinal tract.
In the instructions for use stated that magnesia is totally incompatible with drugs:
- salts of arsenic;
- procaine hydrochloride;
- phosphates, carbonates and bicarbonates of alkali metals;
The price of the drug
Many people wonder: how much magnesium? As it is considered the most popular drug in powder, one package weighing 25 g. costs 50 rubles. In some drugstores you can find a cure and cheaper.
In vials of 10 ml 21-65 rubles, 5 ml – 17-51 ruble.
Thus, magnesium is an indispensable substance for human life. It contains in the human body, however, its lack causes various diseases.
That is why we developed medical preparations on the basis of magnesium sulfate, which helps fight many diseases. Self-medication is contraindicated, assign tool and dosage can be a doctor.