Rapid weight loss in women and men: causes and consequences of massive weight loss, especially the selection of diets
The problem of excess weight has long been concerned with humanity, especially of its female part. For this purpose he invented a lot of diets and exercise. But what if weight loss occurs spontaneously, without any effort on the part of women? Severe weight loss may indicate any abnormalities in the body, which is the reason for going to the experts.
Causes of sudden weight loss
Cachexia (wasting) are often observed due to insufficient or inadequate nutrition, poor absorption, enhanced dissolution of fats, proteins and carbohydrates in the body, and when excessive energy consumption.
Sudden loss of body mass can be caused by energy deficit, which is a long-term diet or taking medication for weight loss. Calorie restriction can cause imbalance in the body. And as a consequence the body begins to search for its nutrients in their stocks.
It should be remembered that any low-calorie diet can help only for a certain period. Do not take weight loss as the main goal in life to bring themselves to exhaustion. The loss of body energy vitamin stock can lead to the development of some diseases of the digestive system (gastritis, pancreatitis, etc.).
The body does not get enough food at that time as the elaboration of the gastric juice continues in full. The pancreas makes enzymes that start to digest the result is the release of toxins that not only affect the kidneys but also the liver, brain, lungs, and other organs.
If you arrange fasting days, it should be remembered that at this time in any case can not drink coffee, strong tea and acidic drinks. In addition, fast weight loss with abundant nutrition and good appetite may indicate the presence of any disease.
The factors that can lead to significant weight loss
Violation of the digestive processes. Occurs colitis, enteritis, hepatitis, cirrhosis, pancreatitis, peptic ulcer disease, atrophic gastritis. Is accompanied by problems digesting fats and proteins, difficulty in nutrient absorption in the small intestine and the stomach, as well as a violation of patency of the alimentary canal.
This period can occur exacerbation of symptoms such as metabolism, vomiting, diarrhea. All this suggests that the body quickly loses electrolytes, trace elements and proteins.
Restriction of food intake. Is the result of intoxication, anorexia, decrease or loss of appetite, stroke or presence of tumor, impaired consciousness in traumatic brain injury, narrowing of the esophagus or larynx.
Violation of metabolism. In this case, the processes of destruction (catabolism) in the body prevail over the processes of synthesis. Causes of metabolism can become connective tissue diseases, burns, problems with the thyroid gland, severe trauma, malignant tumors.
Experiences, followed by stress are the most common reason for sudden weight loss. Psychological trauma can cause severe weight loss, even if the overall body is quite healthy.
Rapid weight loss with stress induced increase in cortisol levels (stress hormone). People in this situation can completely lose your appetite or, on the contrary, constantly experiencing severe hunger. As a rule, in the future, the weight comes back to normal.
Worm infestation (especially in children) can also cause sudden weight loss. In this case, a decrease in appetite, General fatigue, constipation or diarrhea, signs of intoxication.
In many cases, causes of sudden weight loss can be acute and chronic infection — syphilis, tuberculosis, HIV infection, intestinal infection. The causative agent, penetrating the human body produces toxins that damage the cell structure.
The result is disruption of organs and systems of the body, a decrease in the immune system. In addition, there are other reasons rapidly weight loss.
Reasons for weight loss in women
If you did not set a goal to lose weight at any cost and not sit on a rigid diet in the first place you need to visit an endocrinologist. Reasons for rapid weight loss in women more often caused by a hormonal imbalance.
One of the most common violation is the increased activity of the thyroid gland — hyperthyroidism. In the early stages usually accompanied by brittle nails and hair loss, the advanced form can cause multiple tumor tumors both malignant and benign nature.
Malfunction of the adrenal glands and graves ‘ disease can also cause sudden weight loss. In this case, the increase in hormonal levels leads to the acceleration of metabolic processes, and as a result, to weight loss.
Much more serious, if the weight loss is due to destruction of its own tissues, which is a consequence of HIV infection, tuberculosis or cancer.
Diabetes can also cause sudden weight loss. Symptoms — excessive thirst, irritability, dizziness up to loss of consciousness, weight loss.
This disease is accompanied by various metabolic disturbances. There could be abdominal pain, frequent urination and naturally dry skin. But more often the presence of a disease they say only two things: rapid weight loss and increased appetite.
Body may behave unpredictably, therefore, cause sudden weight loss may be postpartum depression, an imbalance of female hormones and even breast-feeding.
Causes of sudden weight loss in men
Causes of weight loss in men also are different.
Cancer. In most cases it is a cancer of the stomach. The compression of the organs leads to impaired patency of the esophagus, in connection with which a disrupted digestive system and as a consequence there is a rapid weight loss. In men, the disease occurs twice as often than women.
- immediately after eating, starts vomiting;
- early satiety;
- loss of appetite;
- General weakness.
In some cases, there is aversion to meat and meat products.
Chronic pancreatitis, which is characterized by the presence of inflammatory processes in the pancreas. If at the initial stage of the disease, the pancreas can still normally perform the work in full, in the future, its function dramatically violated.
Chronic pancreatitis is characterized by decreased appetite, and food enters the stomach, can not fully processed due to lack of enzymes produced by the pancreas.
There has been a violation of the digestive processes and as a consequence is weight loss. In such cases, often the patient refuses to eat, because after every full meal he has severe nausea, vomiting, pain in the stomach, and there are also other unpleasant symptoms.
At an early stage of the disease is almost not seen, so diagnosing it is not possible. Symptoms of chronic pancreatitis are very similar to other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which also complicates diagnosis. Accurate diagnosis can only ask the expert by testing feces, urine, blood and pancreatic juice.
The disease tuberculosis. This disease often causes sudden weight loss in men. About the presence of tuberculosis infection can say the following symptoms:
- Excessive sweating at night.
- Strong cough, which expectorated sputum streaked with blood.
- Constant, does not drop below 37° C temperature.
In most cases, patients with tuberculosis, there is a high rate of metabolism on the background of reduction of appetite and constant energy expenditure of the body to fight infection.
What are the dangers of dramatic weight loss
Sudden weight loss can lead to serious consequences, including:
- Dysfunction of the digestive system.
- Swelling and kidney problems.
- The fragility of nails, teeth, hair.
- The development of hypotension, and memory impairment.
- Reduced performance, weakness.
- Hormonal disruptions.
Therefore, to avoid the occurrence of such unpleasant consequences, should visit the doctor. First and foremost, you need to contact the endocrinologist, physiologist and nutritionist.
As mentioned earlier — no crash dieting will not be able to provide a long and lasting impact, and will only hurt the work of the systems of the body and harm overall health. Taking the decision to significantly change the usual food and be aware of the possible consequences.
What to consider when choosing a diet
When selecting a system power supply or diets great care must be taken of the following factors:
- long mono;
- a raw food diet;
- the rejection of salt or sugar (it is a violation of saline or carbohydrate balance);
- medicines that reduce the appetite;
- rejection of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, which can lead to hormonal disruption and metabolic disorders;
- colored diet (eating foods of a certain color), which can lead to the accumulation of corrosive enzymes adverse effects on the liver.
If rapid weight loss, regardless of the presence or absence of any unpleasant symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor to undergo a series of tests to identify causes of the decrease in body mass.
The above-mentioned diseases can present a huge danger and can cause irreparable harm, even death. Therefore, to engage in self-diagnosis and self-treatment is not recommended. Therapy should be carried out under the guidance of a qualified professional.