The caloric content of potatoes: calories 100 grams of boiled potatoes, the beneficial properties of vegetable
Most people have potatoes is very popular. This is very simple, because the vegetable is nutritious and nourishing product. It is possible to prepare many delicious dishes. Despite today’s fashionable healthy eating, potatoes in any form continues to be popular and indispensable vegetable on the tables of most families. For this reason, many are concerned about the caloric content of the essential vegetable. How many calories in boiled potatoes and in what form it is better to use?
The potato belongs to the Solanaceae family of plants and food are only the tubers. To us he was due to Tsar Peter I, he first brought the vegetable from the Netherlands. Since then, he’s loved by many and became one of the most essential vegetables at any time of the year. Its homeland is South America, there are still potatoes can be found in the wild.
It is often called «the second bread» since it is always available and can easily satisfy your hunger. Potatoes are quick and easy to prepare in any form:
From it is prepared the first and second dishes, added to salads and garnishes. The best taste of the potatoes is estimated to be boiled. It is often cut into slices of medium size and boil, prepare delicious mashed potatoes. Especially tasty boiled potatoes in their skins, if to it add the butter and sprinkle with fresh herbs. Invented a lot of recipes with potatoes, which often cook for the whole family. For this reason, the question arises, how many calories in your favorite vegetable? In what form is it best consumed, so as not to harm the health and not gain weight?
The caloric content of potatoes
For many centuries the potatoes every meal. Calorie vegetable will depend on how to prepare, in what form and what it bring to the table. Raw 100 grams 70 calories. The cooked vegetable calories slightly more, only 82 units:
- proteins — 2,0 g;
- fats — 0,4 g;
- carbohydrates — 16,7 g.
If you consider that a day the calorie intake is approximately 1200-1500 calories, then the calorie content of boiled potatoes quite small. Boiled potatoes retains almost all vitamins and minerals after heat treatment:
- A, B, C, E, K;
- folic acid;
- iron and potassium;
- iodine and calcium;
- cobalt and manganese;
- magnesium and copper;
- the molybdenum and sodium;
- selenium and phosphorus;
- zinc and fluoride.
It is believed that potato soup contains fewer calories — 39 units. It turns out that the smallest energy value of cooked potatoes. The calorie content in 100 grams of this vegetable only 75 calories. Calories boiled potatoes will depend on a variety of products in the finished dish. For example, in 100 grams:
- with butter 130 calories;
- with mushrooms 105 kcal;
- vegetable oil, garlic and herbs 125 kcal;
- with spices and bacon 175 kcal.
Healthy and low on calorie, it turns out boiled potatoes in their skins. Almost the same nutritional value of baked potatoes with the peel. It is recommended to always remove the skin from boiled and baked vegetable. It contains all the pesticides and other harmful substances accumulated as a vegetable. All the most useful she gives in the cooking process, leaving only the harmful substances.
Lovers of fried potato you should know how many calories are in this dish. It is estimated that calories in 100 grams of the dishes are only 150 units, not so much. Usually fried vegetable consumed together with meat, which contains a lot of calories.
Another threat caloric dish is French fries. It is prepared with lots of oil, and it gives you a lot of unnecessary and harmful calories. Just the finished dish contains 400 calories. The popular chips even more 500 calories.
Useful properties of potatoes
Also, taste the potatoes and is famous for its useful properties. It is used in traditional medicine for many diseases. Boiled it has the same properties as fresh vegetable. It contains large amounts of antioxidants, which protect the body against the development of cancer. They also help slow down the aging process, strengthen the walls of blood vessels, helping to save youth and health.
Starches contained in potatoes helps to remove bad cholesterol in the blood serum and in the liver. The vegetable is recommended to use in diseases of the digestive tract, kidneys, and heart, edema. It has diuretic and anti-scorbutic properties.
Recipes of traditional medicine is useful to drink juice from fresh tubers. Boiled vegetable is useful in disease of the respiratory organs, with him doing breathing treatments.
You should know that the peeled tubers are left in water for long periods of time quickly lose their useful properties. If raw peeled potatoes to drop directly into boiling water he will lose only 20% of all nutrients.
It is recommended to brew it in a pot with a tightly fitting lid and do not use for making copper or tin utensils. In it, the vegetable loses a lot of vitamin C. it is Advisable to digest the tubers and try not to warm up the dish again a few times. It is best to prepare the necessary portion and immediately to eat it. In this way the vegetable will give all their best properties and benefit the body.