The useful properties of cereals spelt: benefits and harms, what is it, and how to cook it
In today’s market you can find the most different products, which are recommended to be eaten. Among these common cereals spelt, which began to gain its popularity recently, but is already firmly established in the food market. This was mainly due to the fact that the barley has many useful properties which contribute to normal health, increase immunity and the addition of minerals in the human body.
Spelt is a grain, which refers to the cereal crops. The grain has a membranous structure and a dark red color. Spelt grows on the ears, like wheat. While the cereal reaches the stage of maturity, the spikelets break up into several branches. After maturation of the cereal subjected to the threshing, but the grain is not soaked out of the film, and stays there. All kinds of bulb can be divided into the following:
- wheat Urartu;
- odesta odnoselchanka;
- wild dvusemyanka;
- dAosta odnoselchanka.
Spelt in contrast to other types of cereals is characterized by a simplicity of maintenance and precocity. In addition, the plant is considered to be resistant to sudden changes of weather conditions and diseases. The ear has a structure that protects the fruit from pests, lesions of fungal diseases and contaminants, so the cereals can be grown in wet areas and near the road. From such adverse conditions, the grain is protected by a special flesh in the form of flasks, which are unfit for ingestion.
Manufacturers have invented a method that helps to clean the rie from the pulp and thus make the product suitable for consumption. This is the reason due to which the film remains on the beans after harvest.
Although spelt appeared on the shelves recently, is actually its historical journey began long before our era. The first mention of this cereal are found in the writings of Egypt and Babylon. This culture was one of the most important. In addition, spelt was mentioned in the works of such famous people as Homer and Herodotus.
In Egypt and Babylon cereals used as widely as it is in our time the wheat. This is not surprising, because this culture is not whimsical to weather conditions. That’s why in the XVIII—XIX century, spelt was very popular in Russia. The crops came out completely, the stems were not damaged during heavy rains or from pests, but closer to the XX century, spelt was replaced by wheat, which is more similar yield and resistance to external factors.
Today, this culture began to gain momentum and especially this can be seen in the U.S., where the grain trying to grow on small plots of land. This popularity appeared after the information appeared about the tremendous beneficial properties of this product for human health.
How to choose and store spelled
Choose spelled using common rules. The first is to look at the integrity of the package and the availability of certificate of quality. Further, it is recommended to see how clean grain. Going to the store we must not forget that Krupa may have names such as:
Storage spelt best suited sealed packaging and a cool atmosphere. Optional to put corn in the refrigerator. You can just put it in shadow with temperature no higher than 20 degrees.
The caloric content of spelt
Like any other product, spelt has nutritional value. For these properties, people often pay attention, because some dieting and others simply watching the shape of your body. Fortunately, the grain refers to low-calorie foods, but it contains a large amount of protein. That is why spelled so often eat athletes that protein is essential just in large quantities for the formation of muscle tissue.
If you Balk at the numbers for 100 grams of product have:
- protein — 5,5;
- fat — 0,85;
- carbohydrates — 26,4;
- calories — 127.
Useful properties of spelt
The composition of the grain of Emmer wheat plant, Packed with useful elements almost to the eyeballs. Here you can find 37% of the total protein mass of the product, many micro-and macroelements that are necessary for the human body and, of course, vitamins. From vitamins you can highlight B2, B6, B9, as well as the rich content of thiamine. In addition, vitamins in the beans contain mineral components, which include:
That is, in cases when the body lacks useful components, you can begin to use spelt and product make up for all the flaws in full.
All the useful components in spelt are in a balanced combination, which is not true of buckwheat or rice, which are also known for their positive qualities. It should be noted that all the mineral elements are not only on the surface of grains, but also in the center. This suggests that after grinding or cooking, they will not disappear, but inside the body the grain dissolves very quickly due to which, the body gets all the nutrients.
The therapeutic properties of spelt
With regular use spelt, you may notice that cardiovascular, digestive and endocrine system begin to work much better. In addition, this product is recommended for use for people who suffer from a lack of blood sugar. Also spelt grains enhance immunity and improve the functions that are struggling with the development of cancer.
Favor cereals can find people who have an allergic reaction to gluten. More precisely, gluten can be found in many crop plants, which include wheat, oats and barley, but spelt this component does not. Gluten grains, can be, and has a small amount of gluten, but this amount is so meager that allergic reactions are observed.
In the process of digestion is affected, in particular, the structure of the grains, namely, coarse fiber, which normalize digestion. In addition, the digestion effect and high content of protein, which surpasses even the egg for that component. It should be noted that there is a protein that is of plant origin, which is not found in animal food. Vegetable protein is digested by the body much faster.
Recipes using spelt
Cereal spelt is used in cooking for a long time. How to cook spelt? Basically it serves only cereal, but they can be done in different ways, using the classic recipes or Vice versa to be more improvisation.
A classic recipe
- salt and sugar;
- butter 350 g;
- 2 cups of spelt;
- 4 cups of water.
For a start, the grain is poured into the pot or colander that can easily and rinse well spelled. On the stove put a bowl of water and bring it to a boil. Unlike other grains, spelt fill up gradually after the water was brought to boiling. In this state the pan is in half an hour. Salt and sugar is added to taste. For flavor and use, it is recommended to add in the cereal, fruit or berries and, of course, we cannot forget the butter.
Recipe for slow cooker
Cooking porridge in a slow cooker is not too much different from the process on the stove, but then you can use more ingredients. For example, in some recipes it is recommended to add beef or pork.
First you need to cut beef or pork into small pieces, place in slow cooker, add the onions and carrots and to put it all in the frying mode for 15 minutes. Once the meat is ready, add cereal and two glasses of water. Half an hour later the porridge is ready.
Many products have useful features, but above all is spelled. Useful properties of this crop have already proven their capabilities. Mineral elements, vitamins not only improve health, but can help to cope with already established disease. Harm from the use of spelt has not been noticed, except for individual intolerance, which is sometimes found.