What you can and cannot eat with diabetes: a list of useful and harmful food products
Many do not believe that proper nutrition in the complex treatment can help with any disease. However, it is, and in the case of diabetes, especially of the second type, this approach should not be challenged. Because improper diet is the primary cause of metabolic disorders, which underlies the emergence of the disease. Therefore, nutritional therapy in some cases is the only correct method of treatment.
Principles of the diet
Diabetes nutrition should be aimed at reducing the consumption of fast carbs-those that are actively absorbed. And also, it is readily transformed into carbohydrate compounds fats, which aggravate the course of the disease itself and its complications. These are the main conditions of diet, if they are upheld, the partially or completely the metabolic processes and the level of blood glucose returns to normal. Thus, leaving hyperglycemia, which is the main pathogenetic link in the development of the manifestations of the disease.
What can I eat with diabetes?
The majority of patients on the doctor asks the same question about foods that can be consumed daily without fear. Focus on the intake of vegetables, fruit, meat and dairy products. As if from the diet to remove glucose, which is the main source of quick energy, it will soon exhaust the energy reserves of the body and lead to protein breakdown. To avoid this in the diet should always be the right amount of proteins, vitamins and minerals.
This herbal product is a powerful drive of any of these substances. Therefore, it should be present in menu constantly, as a source of protein and amino acid compounds. Especially useful for white beans. Many diabetics underestimate her, as I don’t know how many useful and tasty dishes to cook from her.
The only drawback of this product is its ability to the formation of gas in the intestines. So, if you have the inclination, use the beans in nutrition is limited or combine with the intake of enzyme products that will help to get rid gas.
The most valuable composition of amino acids in the beans are valine, methionine, tryptophan, lysine, histidine, phenylalanine, leucine. Of these essential amino acids in the body, that is, they are not synthesized and must come from food. Among the trace elements and vitamins beans are the most valuable, RR, C, zinc, potassium, phosphorus, iron. All of these components are very important for diabetics because lead to normal body functions. Carbohydrate metabolism was also not affected, because these compounds come in the form of fructose and sucrose.
Among the cereal crops are the most preferred for a diabetic is buckwheat. Prepare cereal with milk, and it is good as a side dish and a main dish. Its peculiarity is that unlike other foods that cause abrupt rises in glucose, it is almost no effect on the metabolism of carbohydrates.
Other cereals that are useful for patients with diabetes are oats, corn, wheat and barley. These cereals are rich in vitamins, they are easily digested and have a positive effect on carbohydrate metabolism, normalizing blood glucose levels. In addition, they give a lot of energy and essential as a source of ATP for cells.
This group of food holds a special place in the diet of the diabetic. Because the fruits take a leading position on the amount of fiber and vital vitamins and minerals compared to other foods. Carbohydrates represented fructose and sucrose, glucose little.
A particularly valuable fruit for diabetes among non-prohibited are grapefruit, orange, lemon, apricots, peaches, apples, pomegranate, pears. From dried fruits you can eat prunes, dried apricots, dried apples, from berries, you should pay attention to gooseberries, cherries, blueberries, blackberries, currants. Ripe watermelon with melon contain an increased amount of starchy components, so their use to limit.
The main emphasis in diabetes should focus on following fruit:
Why are they so necessary for diabetes patients?
- These citrus fruits are rich in vitamin C, which is an important component of enzyme systems, he is also involved in strengthening the vascular wall.
- These products have very low glycemic index, which means low content of starchy substances, which are able to influence the level of glucose in the blood.
- Another advantage is the presence of strong antioxidant qualities, which negates the negative effect of hyperglycemia on the cells, thereby slowing the development of disease complications.
The form in which these fruits can be eaten? Of course, fresh and raw. This can be as a separate product, and fresh juice that can be added to water or to combine with other products. As for store-bought juices, they are to eat no good. They contain sugar and other carbohydrate compounds that affect the metabolism and increase blood glucose levels.
What not to eat with diabetes?
What should be remembered by every patient with diabetes is what foods you should not eat. It is better to avoid those on the security of which you have little information. Otherwise, such actions may be irreversible can lead to the progression of hyperglycemia, which will cause various types of coma, and will provoke the onset of complications of the disease. In the list of prohibited includes the following products:
- Flour products: white bread, pastry, puff, butter cookies.
- Meat and fish: smoked foods, rich broth of meat, duck, fatty beef and pork, and fatty fish.
- Fruits: bananas, grapes and raisins, figs, dates, strawberries.
- Dairy products: whole Milk, sour cream high fat content, kefir and yoghurt fat, oil.
- Vegetables: marinated, potatoes, peas.
- Other: candy, sugar, fruit juices, food from fast food.
Can I eat nuts in diabetes?
This product is a hub of certain nutrients. In them is fiber, polyunsaturated fatty acids, high in potassium, calcium and vitamin D-3. These substances in the treatment of the disease are important, since they have direct impact on carbohydrate metabolism, with lower blood glucose levels.
Under their action, restores the damaged cells of internal organs, inhibits the development of diabetic complications. And it was clear that any nuts are vital for diabetics. Impact of some types of nuts in disease will be discussed below.
Nourishes the brain, which in diabetes is lack of energy compounds. Since glucose — the main source of energy his cells not fed to them. A walnut contains manganese, zinc, alpha-linolenic acid. These compounds plays a major role reducing blood glucose levels in diabetes. Essential fatty acids inhibit the onset of angiopathy of the internal organs and atherosclerotic lesions of the feet.
The carbohydrate composition of walnuts is very poor, so they can have as a separate dish, and in combination with salads, vegetables and fruits.
Distinctive amino acid composition. We all know that no protein of animal origin can not be on a par with the plant. Use peanut diabetic is able to fill your daily requirement in protein and amino acids. Because disorders of carbohydrate metabolism are pulling for and protein. A manifestation of this is the reduction in the number of useful glycoproteins that regulate cholesterol metabolism.
At infringement of balance of aggressive compound begins to produce in abundance, what is the reason for the defeat of vessels in diabetes. Peanut proteins interact with metabolism and are consumed in the production of glycoproteins. They clean the arteries from cholesterol and contribute to its disintegration.
Almonds are a champion of the content of calcium among nuts. Because of this it is prescribed for the development of diabetic lesions of bones and joints. If you eat at night 10 almonds, this will supply the body a variety of trace elements, which positively affect carbohydrate metabolism and the General course of the disease.
This eco-friendly product consists of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, vitamins b and D, S. the protein Content is necessary for the suspension of the complications of the disease. In pine nuts seen powerful immunomodulatory effect, which is very important for the prevention of colds and suppurative processes in the feet, in certain cases of diabetes.
Thus, anyone suffering from diabetes should know about food as much as possible, so as not to harm and not to cause problems, but to try to support your body, eating only the useful ones.