A deviated septum in children: causes, symptoms and treatment
What to do if your child has a deviated septum?
For violation of the structure of cartilage, in a patient diagnosed with a deviated septum. This part is the wall between the two sinuses, which divides the cavity into left and right part. The structure of the cartilage is made of flexible cloth covered skin. It has many blood vessels that nourish this part. In perfect condition, the partition is exactly in the middle of the nasal cavity.
According to statistics, to date, almost eighty percent people deviated septum. In most cases it moves slightly off-center and isn’t uncomfortable. Most often this pathology is seen in children. If a strong violation of the structure of the septum can cause breathing problems and be the root cause of chronic rhinitis. So if you notice inconsistencies, it is important to know the symptoms and treatment of deviated nasal septum in children.
Why nasal septum deviated
Abnormal anatomy of the nasal septum is most often diagnosed in adolescents and children. This pathology causes formation of long-rhinitis, breathing problems, and also abundant mucous secretions. In addition, when a deviated septum have problems of an inflammatory nature and tendency to allergic reactions.
The extension of the jaw
Variations in the structure of the partitions occur at the beginning of the growth of the child.
This process usually happens in six years when the patient erupt molars.
In connection with the extension of the jaw, the nasal cavity is changing. This process becomes the main cause of a deviated nasal septum in children.
Among the common causes of manifest congenital predisposition when, as in the mother’s womb, forming the child’s nose is wrong. For this reason, include various injuries during birth.
The most common cause is trauma to the nose. To break the structure inside the nose may be a severe blow to one part of the cavity, as well as active games or serious hobby martial arts.
Other frequently occurring reasons include the following features:
- The nasal septum can be modified by the non-growth of the skull bones and rapid increase of cartilage tissue in the nasal cavity.
- Due to the pressure inside the cavity of the nose in connection with the penetration of a foreign object or cancer or polyps are the first to suffer partition.
- In infectious inflammation, there is a thickening in the nose, which leads to the modification of the cartilage.
In the course of anatomical changes the patient notices that one cavity becomes much wider than the other. This modification leads to many symptoms. If the deviated septum is not serious, the process is not seen as a serious pathology.
With the right structure of the nasal cavity, the air flows evenly and penetrates through both parts. When you inhale the air is moistened, warmed and filtered, and then penetrates into the sinuses.
When deviated septum breathe in the air leads to irritation of the mucous membrane, which leads to various processes in the paranasal sinuses and the Eustachian tube.
Among the main signs of curvature of the septum is noted loss of smell. The slow development of abnormalities this dysfunction is slow, so not always the patient notices such symptoms.
In addition, there is a respiratory disorder manifested constant nasal congestion.
In some cases, a deviated septum becomes a cause of prolonged acute rhinitis or sinusitis. As a result, the patient noted pain in the head, stuffy ears, pain in the throat, bleeding.
Pathology in the structure of the nose is always cause swelling in the mucous membrane and other inflammation-related functions of the organ of respiration. Often a disturbance in the structure of the partition causes seasonal allergic rhinitis.
Other symptoms include:
- clogging right or left nostril;
- nasal congestion, but only one cavity;
- frequent and unexpected nosebleeds;
- dry mucous membranes;
- pain in the front part;
- noisy breathing;
- the pain in the head;
- sleep on one side;
- frequent viral or infectious inflammation;
- swelling of tissues in the nasal cavity;
- violation of patency of air.
However, the initial curvature of the patient may not notice symptoms. Therefore, when deviated septum patient may not be aware of their pathology. People with a noticeable curvature there is a risk of acute sinusitis, frequent bleeding and other problems. These problems can be solved only with the help of surgical exposure.
Wondering what to do if your child has a deviated septum, the first thing you need to undergo a diagnosis. To determine the apparent symptoms is possible without the help of a doctor, but to conduct a comprehensive survey, contact Laura.
To cure a deviated septum in certain cases, medication. Drops and nasal sprays can help to eliminate swelling of tissues and rebuild the permeability of air. To return the function of the nose completely, you need nasal irrigation and decongestant medications.
It is worth noting that drug treatment can be justified and efficient only in the case of not serious pathology. If the patient has a marked curvature, doctors prescribe surgery.
During the operation, the patient straighten the cartilage and bone in the nasal cavity. Such therapy is carried out under local anesthesia and only after taking certain medicines.
To restore the partition, the patient may choose plastic. In this case, the surgical exposure is performed through the nostrils of the patient. A plus plastics is the lack of scars and the junctions on the outer part of the nose, and totally painless.
The whole procedure takes about one hour. After surgery, nasal breathing is restored within eight weeks.
In recovery the patient must use antiseptics and antibacterial drugs and to adhere to the medication course prescribed by your doctor.
During recovery the patient must visit the doctor twice a month. This is to prevent the formation of adhesions and the breaking of tissue adhesions.
If the curvature evident in the baby, you should wait until the age of eighteen. Before this age, the child continues to grow and the surgery could disrupt the natural growth of the bow.
In certain cases, the patient may choose reconstructive plastic surgery. When choosing a septoplasty is performed correct structures of the nasal septum.
The procedure is performed through the nostrils, but in extremely difficult moments, doctors can perform the surgery with the open method.
When choosing a septoplasty is necessary to realize the formation of scars, scars and adhesions. However, the main goal of the surgery is rapid recovery of breathing.
The rehabilitation period lasts up to seven days. After the surgery indicated the formation of swelling of the face, bleeding, adverse reactions to medications and soreness in the nasal cavity. Commonly they are held on the fifth day.
In the first month after surgical treatment the patient marked pain in the head, swelling, bleeding, and often burst blood vessels in the nasal cavity. Complete recovery occurs within two months.
Unfortunately, to prevent a deviated septum is impossible. But you can protect yourself by avoiding any damage. To do this, active games or participating in contact sports wear protective helmets and be extremely careful.