A runny nose in a child 2-3 years: as well as than to treat a bad cold
How to cure common cold in children 2-3 years?
Runny nose in the child phenomenon are frequent, especially during seasonal viral epidemics.
Rhinitis may occur due to a cold or an allergic reaction to the antibodies. Is to protect the immune system against foreign agents.
Internal nasal cavity is lined with mucous membrane, designed to be a barrier to viruses and bacteria. Getting into the nasal passages, infection triggers the production of secretions at times. Together with mucus from the nose washed out the viruses, the latter loses its bactericidal properties and require its re-development. So the child and there is a strong cold during the infection.
Getting into the nasal passages of viruses, multiply rapidly, causing swelling of the mucous membranes, which makes breathing difficult. Children breathe through the mouth, it leads to drying of the mucosa of the oral cavity, disturbed sleep, worsening appetite. For parents data of the pathological changes is a clear sign that the child is ill.
Attention. If you wish to help your child 2-3 age, do not forget that not all nasal preparations suitable for this age group. It is necessary to determine the nature of the fever, and it can only be done by a pediatrician.
The symptoms of rhinitis
Symptoms of rhinitis in children does not differ from symptoms in adults. But if an adult passes without complications, they have swelling of the mucosa of the sinuses, can block the auditory tube. Covers infectious inflammation of the middle ear as a result of the pathological process, otitis accompanied by pain.
The main symptoms that a cold the baby is an indicator of SARS:
- Congestion of the nasal passages. Shortness of breath, not sleeping well, he’s lethargic, not active.
- Copious secret. Children 2-3 years old can blow his nose by themselves, but often actions in this direction cause intense production of secretions and increase swelling.
- From drying of the mucosa of the nasal passages, often sneezes.
- Redness of skin around the nose area and the outer wings of the nose. Irritation of the epidermis is due to the frequent wiping snot and swelling of the mucous membrane.
- Viral infection, usually accompanied by temperature, headache, General malaise.
If rhinitis occurs without the latter symptoms, you must consult a doctor to prevent allergic origin.
Help. In children under three years not diagnosed sinusitis, but that he had not appeared in the future, you need a proper treatment of rhinitis that the infection neither struck the maxillary sinus.
How to treat a runny nose in a child 3 years and children of other age groups, drill into further.
In order to cope with a rhinitis it is necessary to contact your pediatrician he will prescribe a course of drugs appropriate for the age of the patient. Drug treatment is aimed at eliminating the causes that caused the runny nose and relieve symptoms. For children from two years apply nasal vasoconstrictor drops, the funds on the basis of saline solutions, antiseptics, and antibiotics (if there are indications for admission).
To cure quickly the snot from the child to help wash the nasal passages colestiramina drugs. To apply the method as may be infants, and older. It is safe and requires no prescription.
The composition of the solution includes the salts of sea water and they can be purchased in pharmacies without a prescription. The only thing you should pay attention to, some of them are permitted from birth, and others after three years.
It depends on the salt concentration and constituent chemicals. The most common ones:
- Other types of pain;
The solutions are used to hydrate the mucous membrane and cleansing from secret. When irrigation of the nasal passages, they wash away the mucus along with foreign substances. Moisturize them, preventing from drying out and scabs.
For washing it is also suitable independently prepared solution of NaCl or sea salt.
Important. Do not rinse the nasal passages of the child, if there is a suspicion that the infection had damaged the middle ear (otitis media).
The procedure can take a small rubber pear. The warm solution (room temperature) turn to enter into the nasal passage. The baby’s head should be tilted forward.
After washing, it is necessary to remove cortical formation with mucous. For children from 6 years can use cotton swabs. For the younger age fit gauze flagellum.
The use of antiseptic agents
To eliminate intense release from the nose and clean nasal passages can help antiseptic preparations.
To treat rhinitis in children 2 years and older with the following medications:
The use of antiseptics may, if the child is not hypersensitive to the components of the drug.
Their use in contrast to salt solutions is limited, frequent use is able to dry up the nasal mucosa.
Drugs vasoconstrictor actions
This group of medicines can not be used without a doctor’s prescription. There is a risk of addiction, and they have a number of side effects. But if the methods applied, in the form of washing, did not give the desired result, the use of vasoconstrictor alone is allowed to use as emergency aid. Treatment of runny nose in a child 2 years can be allowed to this age drugs:
- I suffered;
Vasoconstrictor medications nasal application cannot use more than three days, strictly observing the instructions for use.
The use of antibiotics for treatment of runny nose in a child, it is necessary for the following values. If a long time has elevated temperature, runny nose persists for ten days or more. Secretion of yellow-green hue with purulent admixtures. The infection spread to the tonsils (adenoids). Runny nose is accompanied by a progressive otitis media.
For children allowed antibiotics of local action: Polideksa or Izofra.
In the case of the listed symptoms it is not recommended to self-medicate, and urgently needs to show the child’s pediatrician.
We looked at how to get rid of a viral infection in children 2-3 age. And how to treat, if the runny nose in a child 4 years? Specific recommendations for this age group, no.
The treatment method is not different from that applied to the younger group. Added drugs to eliminate rhinitis, comprising the active ingredients: phenylephrine, and mezaton.
Since the age of four are also allowed the use of drugs, which include imidazoline. These include Imidazoline, Xylometazoline and Nazol baby.
Used to eliminate the cold methods of traditional medicine. But to approach them with caution and only after consultation with your doctor.
Not the last role to prevent infectious diseases is prevention. The clothing of the child should correspond to the temperature regime. Ventilate the room where it is located. From the moment of birth it is recommended to start tempering procedure.
Children from three years can be given to the pool. Pay special attention to the immune system. This will help to properly balanced diet, sufficient quantities is enriched with vitamins and minerals. Important role in strengthening the immune system play a walk in the fresh air.