A tumor of the larynx: symptoms and signs treatment
How to recognize and treat a tumor of the larynx?
The tumor in the larynx in humans is a dangerous inflammation, which includes benign or malignant. According to statistics, this inflammation occupies the twentieth place in the statistics of cancer inflammation. Most often the tumor in the larynx appears in men from forty to seventy years.
In most cases, cancer in the throat appears because of the bad habits and wrong lifestyle. In this article we will consider the symptoms of cancer of the larynx and treatment of the disease.
What is the lump in your throat
Cancer in the throat is a complex concept, involving different types of education not only in the throat, but in the back of my throat. The cause of this inflammation is different. The main factors include tobacco smoke, as well as uncontrolled pathological mutations.
You should know that women do not suffer this type of inflammation.
About every fifth man aged fifty years, suffering with cancer of the larynx due to tobacco addiction.
Therefore, the population of Russia it is important to know that today in the production of tobacco use genetically modified product, which grows fast and does not require additional financial investments.
Thus, tobacco destroys the structure of the throat and provokes the appearance of cancer.
In addition, a common cause of cancer inflammation is considered a chronic inflammation in the mouth, which include laryngitis, or rhinitis.
There are several types of inflammation:
- The tumor nadkladeznaya Department.
- Cancer podskladochnogo Department.
- Inflammation of the vocal cords.
Among the described inflammation the most dangerous is the disease podkapotnogo Department. As it has virtually no symptoms, the disease is detected at later stages. It often leads to death.
A tumor of the larynx differs from other cancer inflammation exophytic growth, that is growth out. The examination of inflammation, it appears as a formation with no clear boundaries and has the form of a papilla or tubercle. In some cases manifests itself in the form of ulcers. In extremely rare cases, the tumor grows inside the tissue.
The stage of the disease
In addition to the described species, notes four stages of inflammation:
- In the first stage, the inflammation extends to the area of the mucous membrane and affects nearby organs.
- In the next stage, the inflammation extends to the Department of the larynx, but in the second stage there are no metastases.
- In the third stage there comes the spread of inflammation to adjacent tissue. Thereby the immobility of the larynx and the formation of metastasis.
- On the last step of inflammation, the tumor extends beyond the larynx. On tissues are detected multiple metastases.
Signs of cancer of the larynx include many factors. Among the main causes marked chronic laryngitis as well:
- Prolonged Smoking.
- Drinking alcohol in large quantities.
- Work in a dusty environment.
- Professional activity, associated with a large amount of building dust, soot, tar.
Please note pre-cancerous inflammation and take a course of therapy already at this stage. In this case, a chance to escape the tumor is much higher.
- Benign tumor of skin or mucous membranes of the throat, acting under their surface in the form of a papilla.
- Disease of the mucosa of the throat.
- Inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes of the mouth.
- Keratinizing process of the cells in the mouth.
- Thickening of the epithelium.
- Inflammation of the lymph nodes.
- Various benign tumors of the larynx.
- Chronic diseases of the mouth and throat.
Another common cause is secondary to the appearance of papillomas and inflammation of the tonsils. Often, it is the rebirth of this inflammation causes cancer of the throat.
Remember that in identifying the root causes of the disease specialist is much easier to diagnose and prescribe individual course of treatment.
In some cases, the inflammation is asymptomatic, however, this largely depends on the immune system of the body. Therefore, cancer of the larynx may appear as a consequence of the many inflammation and a weakened immune system.
In most cases, to detect inflammation in the early stages is difficult, as the tumor in the early stages has no symptoms. Only in the case of localization of inflammation nadslojnom region the patient experiences pain and discomfort when swallowing, and in some cases pain is transferred to the ears or the head.
In the process of cancer growth the patient experiences the sensation of having a foreign object. When swallowing feels pronounced pain. In this regard, reduced appetite.
The third stage is considered malignant and is treatable much more difficult, because at this stage of inflammation in a patient formed ulcers. In most cases the inflammation proceeds to the nearby organs. So, the person experiences pain in the trachea and ears.
In the future, the tumor begins to disintegrate, causing rotten breath. In addition, pay attention to the following signs:
- Narrowing of the larynx.
- A crackling voice.
- Respiratory failure.
- Pain in the throat.
- The increased body temperature.
- Bad breath.
- The loss of teeth.
- Loss of hearing acuity.
- Violation of saliva.
Note the appearance of bumps on the mucosa, and bleeding is the first symptoms of inflammation.
In the fourth stage of cancer the patient feels a change in the structure of the shape of the neck and the sores and growths on the outside.
In addition, there are common symptoms:
- The extreme depletion of the body.
- Severe pain.
- Increased body temperature up to 40 degrees.
- Sleep disturbance because of severe pain.
- The refusal of food.
Unfortunately, in the later stages of inflammation, of the therapy are rather difficult, so it is important to contact the medical center at the initial stages of inflammation. A favorable outcome at this stage is greatly increased.
For diagnosis you must pass analysis of blood, urine, sugar. In addition, to the diagnosis of the tumor include the following procedures:
- a blood test that is performed to study increased her clotting;
- examination of the larynx, including the vocal cords;
- computed tomography;
- magnetic resonance imaging of the neck.
Then the specialists conduct the inspection of the mouth and throat for signs of tumors with the help of special devices and laryngoscope.
Excision the removal of tissue or organ for microscopic examination is necessary to identify the type and form of inflammation. With his help found a type of tumor. It is necessary for the purpose of therapeutic areas.
Treatment of cancer of the larynx
Once you determine the type and form of cancer is assigned to surgery or radiation therapy. The type of surgery depends on the nature of the tumor.
So, surgical intervention is required in the first two stages. Quite often, surgery is combined with radiation curing.
During the operation, the specialists conduct the removal of the vocal cords and the epiglottis. In some cases, the patient undergoes hemilaryngectomy.
However, radiation therapy is prohibited for people with perichondrium the cartilages of the larynx, and in the case of spread of the disease into the trachea or with a damaged vascular tissues. In the presence of metastases radiotherapy is also prohibited.
Surgical intervention on the third or fourth stage does not show proper results and is a fairly dangerous method of treatment. At these stages the tumor is only administered radiation therapy to the neck area. After one month from surgery the patient is partially or completely removed the larynx.
In rare cases, the patient receive chemotherapy, which is the slowing or complete removal of the cancer cells.
In some situations, when the patient’s temperature reaches 40 degrees, the experts decide the regional chemotherapy. In this case, the patient found the medication directly to cancer cells.
Unfortunately, in the case of cancer of the larynx the prognosis is not good. However, if you notice the first symptoms in the beginning of the disease there is a positive statistics. But in the case of neglect of inflammation and cancer transition to the third or fourth stage comes death.
The result is the positive solution of the problem in the early stages is almost ninety percent, and in the third stage, about 65 percent.
Doctors report that the cancer is easiest to treatment exophytic form. At this stage the patient and remove the abnormal growth of the tumor.
It should be noted that cancer in the deep age tends to slow growth.
The prognosis for cancer re disappointing. Almost always comes death.