Acute sinusitis: what it is, complications. How to treat?

What is acute sinusitis?

Not everyone knows what it is, acute frontal sinusitis. Some suffered from the disease and learned about it too late when I had to take drastic measures, because the time for a quick treatment in the initial stage, unfortunately, has been lost.

This disease constitutes one of the varieties of sinusitis. Localized in the paranasal sinuses and is the most severe of all types of sinusitis. It is therefore very important as soon as possible to distinguish between the symptoms of this disease, especially its acute stage.

Symptoms of the disease

When the sinuses that are located in the forehead, become inflamed – this is sinusitis. Noteworthy is the fact that the cause can be the same factors as in the inflammation of the maxillary sinuses. The only difference is that the frontit they appear much sharper.

The main symptoms are: pain and feelings of pressure around the frontal sinuses that are located behind eyes. Bright signal about the development of sinusitis is the swelling and inflammation of the nasal mucosa, which leads to breathing problems.

This is a very dangerous disease and if time does not take measures for its treatment, it can cause inflammation of the soft membranes of the brain (meningitis).

Thus, the absence of proper, effective and swift treatment, may indirectly threaten death.

Types of sinusitis

Based on the nature of the disease, it is divided into two forms of inflammation:

  • sharp;
  • chronic.

As to the first, this phase is due to the fast development of bacteria, not only in the mucosa of the nose, but actually in the sinuses. It should be noted that inflammation is progressing very quickly due to swelling. This form lasts 15-25 days.

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If over a period of 2-3 weeks, unable to cope with acute frontal sinusitis or frontal sinus was not until the end of/improperly cleaned, it goes into the chronic stage. It can also occur due to improper treatment or abnormal anatomical structure of the nasal septum. This form takes an average of 30-45 days.

Also, the disease is divided and inflammation:

  • productive inflammation process involves the proliferation of different tissues inside the sinuses, such as cysts or polyps;
  • exudative frontal sinusitis – involves the accumulation of fluid in the sinuses. It is divided into purulent, serous and catarrhal frontal sinusitis.

Serous form of sinusitis, the easiest and often occurs without a strong increase in body temperature and runny nose. Its main danger lies in the fact that he very quickly passes into the chronic stage. Among the symptoms: headaches, discomfort in the eyes, feeling of fullness of the nose bridge.

Catarrhal implies selection, which stop to depart at night, but actively allocated day. Despite the fact that the increase in body temperature when this type of sinusitis is minor, headaches are very strong. During the acute manifestations of the disease, pain can be long and exhausting.

Purulent frontal sinusitis is the most severe form of all. The inflammatory process along with a strong release of large amounts of pus. Also notes severe headaches and intoxication. All the symptoms of General intoxication in this case, the most typical.

Depending on the causes (pathogens) sinusitis can be classified as follows:

  1. Bacterial.
  2. Virus.
  3. Fungal.
  4. Allergic.
  5. Mixed.
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On the basis of their localization, we distinguish only 2 types:

  1. Unilateral (left-sided or right-sided frontal sinusitis) – inflammation of only one of the two sinuses.
  2. Bilateral frontal sinusitis – inflammation of both sinuses.

Read the article about the treatment of sinusitis and sinusitis.

Possible complications of disease

Acute frontal sinusitis is a very dangerous disease that without proper and timely treatment, can give serious complications, some of which is dangerous not only for health but also for life.

Orbital complications

They caused the defeat of that applies to the area of the eyes:

  • Periostitis.

The inflammation may be purulent or purulent. Regarding the former, it can be relatively quickly cured under proper treatment. Purulent much more serious and more severe.

  • Osteomyelitis.

Appears from touching the bone and the beginning of the necrotic process.

  • Cellulitis.

A serious complication that affects the tissue of the eye. Starts inflammatory processes, which are very dangerous because of their severe course. Often this process takes place with high temperature and vomiting.

Intracranial complications

  • Subduralny abscess.

These complications of sinusitis occur between the periosteum and the frontal bone. If ASAP to start treatment, the infection will soon move and may provoke intracerebral abscess.

  • Epidural abscess.

Driven by strong migraines, which could increase periodically. Also there is a complete or partial loss of smell, and accordingly the deterioration of taste buds. Marked signs of cranio-facial nerves.

  • Meningitis.

Read this article about the treatment of sinusitis in children.

Common complications

Regardless of left-sided frontal sinusitis the patient or bilateral, there is one common and very dangerous complication of blood poisoning (sepsis). This affects internal organs, leading to death. You may also policyunit or pansinusitis.

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To protect yourself from possible complications, treatment is recommended to start as soon as possible. In the case of uncomplicated form, the treatment should be carried out on an outpatient basis, with strict observance of bed rest.

As the treatment is carried out a complex of measures with antibiotics, antihistamine preparations, vasoconstrictor drops, a nasal lavage. Increased temperature usually not trying to shoot down.

It is very important to recognize the symptoms of the disease at an early stage. Only in this case will be able to quickly and without negative consequences to treat acute frontal sinusitis, without giving him the opportunity to go to purulent frontal sinusitis or other severe form.