Adenomatous polyp of the endometrium: causes, symptoms and treatment
Polyps in the uterus are of different types, they are a manifestation of a localized hyperplasia of the mucous membrane of the endometrium. Adenomatous polyp a little different from other types depending on clinical and macroscopic symptoms. But, there is something that distinguishes him from other species. Adenomatous endometrial hyperplasia is a dangerous tumor that has the ability to regenerate and acquire a malignant character.
Adenomatosis of the uterus: what is it?
Not often, women who undergo test gynecologic ultrasound learn they have endometrial adenomatosis. Therefore, it is necessary to know what it is, what are the signs of the disease and how to treat it.
Adenomatous polyp of the endometrium is a neoplasm with a benign nature. Pathology manifests itself in the form of cells that grow inside the uterine cavity. That is, the risk that the benign could easily be reborn in the malignant, treatment can not be tightened.
Adenomatosis of the uterus, as a rule, this is one sprawling growth or many growths. That’s when polyposis is transferred to the stage anatomicheskogo. No matter how many formations in the cavity of a threat they are equally unfavorable.
Quite often with such a sensitive problem faced by women aged 30 to 50 years, more risks starting from age 50. But there are cases where adenomatous polyp diagnosed in young girls.
The shape of this polyp looks like a mushroom, he has the legs and body. Dimensions are not particularly large from 5 to 10 mm, but sometimes it can block the exit in the cervical canal when the size up to 30 mm. Adenomatous polyps, usually localized in the corners or at the bottom of the uterus, closest to the mouth of the fallopian tubes.
In gynecological practice, there are adamantane polyps not only on a thin stem and a base. As a rule, cancers are those of education, located on a thick base.
The risk of degeneration into malignant tumor is directly dependent on the size of the polyp. Somewhere in the 2% of cases, this occurs when a tumor 1.5 cm as well As in 2-10% when the size to 2.5, see if the size is greater than 5 cm, the risk for more than 10%.
It is also believed that children whose parents suffer from adenomatous polyp, are prone to pathology by 50%.
Adenomatous polyps: causes and symptoms
The reasons for the formation of these types of polyps a lot. The most common reason is a disregard for your body and reproductive organs, including.
- the hormonal imbalance;
- problems in the endocrine system;
- as a consequence after surgery – abortion, cleaning;
- spontaneous miscarriage in the early stages of pregnancy;
- regular, not until the end polecenie inflammatory diseases in their reproductive organs;
- disease venereal nature recurrent;
- regular depression, stress and emotional swings;
- failure of immune system;
- the intrauterine device and the long wearing;
- of the disease is protracted in the absence of appropriate treatment;
- genetics, heredity.
When adenomatosis heredity is not unimportant thing. In fact, 50% of patients the diagnosis was confirmed by the fact that it was inherited from relatives or parents.
Therefore, if a family has a predisposition to the formation of polyps, the younger generation must look after their health. Polyps can be not only in the uterus, and anywhere.
When the growth becomes large, from symptoms, which to ignore, just not worth it.
Symptoms in the presence of adenomatosis of the uterus:
- vaginal spotting abundant nature, which are unrelated to menstruation;
- pain in the lower abdomen, impulsive type, pain may increase after intimacy;
- systematic blood discharge after sexual intercourse;
- profuse menstruation especially at a young age (a dangerous uterine bleeding);
- problems with conceiving.
Also a great place restricts polyp in the uterus that reduces the chances of carrying the fetus to end.
How to diagnose adenomatous polyp?
You must see a doctor who will prescribe a number of laboratory and medical examinations to the clinical picture became clear.
For a start the standard of the study:
- biochemistry and General analysis of blood;
- the study of hormones contained in the blood;
- normal gynecological examination and intake strokes;
Only after all the tests, taking into account the results of the complaint and the clinic is the right diagnosis.
When combined with other diseases of the uterus or genital organs can be assigned a biopsy.
Also today there is a quick way to recognize a problem is a hysteroscopy. The uterus is filled with a special contrast enzyme. Then establishes through the cervix, the hysteroscope, through it is perfectly possible to see all the changes, as well as their size.
Adenomatous polyps: how is the treatment?
Polyps in the uterus of this type are treated by surgical intervention. Because adenomatosis of the uterus, is a precancerous condition. Is carried out or the operation or cleaning (scraping) using a hysteroscope.
After the growth is removed, its location prizhivaetsya shock or nitrogen liquid forms, such manipulations are necessary to prevent the recurrence of the disease.
If the adenomatous polyp appeared in a woman who is postmenopausal or premenopausal period, your doctor may decide on the removal of the uterus completely. In case of detected failures in the endocrine system and a possible cancer, removes the uterus and appendages.
After surgical treatment prescribed hormone replacement therapy. It is advisable to follow a diet, eat right and lead a healthy lifestyle, refrain from sexual intercourse.
In some cases, to avoid complications after surgery can be assigned to treatment antibacterial preparative.