Allergic sinusitis: symptoms and treatment in adults and children, how to treat
How to treat allergic sinusitis?
Among all the inflammation in the maxillary region, is considered to be the most acute allergic sinusitis. Its origin is due to many reasons, which need to be identified first. From successfully installed the root causes of inflammation depends the whole course of treatment and its effectiveness. Unfortunately, treatment of allergic sinusitis in adults occurs long enough, as the factors at the origin of allergic inflammation of the paranasal sinuses are always different.
Sinusitis allergies most often formed because of the development of seasonal allergic rhinitis. Often this inflammation reduces the body’s immune system that causes a pathological process in the cavity of the internal structure of the nose. This pathology is fraught with complications in anatomical terms, so people often suffering from sinusitis, there is a major change in the structure of the sinuses. To avoid this process, it is important to know how to treat allergic sinusitis and, if necessary, to take urgent measures.
Symptoms of allergic sinusitis
Allergic sinusitis occurs with acute symptoms that reduce the overall health of the patient and affect a familiar way of life. This inflammation is dangerous to the formation of pathological processes in the inner part of the nose and abnormal change in the structure of the paranasal sinuses.
Inflammation of the lining of the nose and paranasal sinuses in all cases accompanied by swelling of the mucosa and hyperemia. Such signs dangerous for the patient, so it is important to know how to get rid of the inflammation.
Inflammation in the maxillary sinuses referred to autoimmune pathologies. The allergic nature of the inflammation leads to disruption of the protective functions of the body and to the dysfunction of perception in many parts of the nasal cavity.
At this time, it is important to identify the cause of the formation of allergies. Pay attention to the food that the patient consumes. Other causes include allergic reactions to the drug components, household items or environmental exposures.
Often allergic sinusitis occurs due to pollen or due to contact with Pets. Other reasons for the formation of this kind of sinusitis include exposure to dust on the body of the patient or the presence of dust mites.
In rare cases, sinusitis allergies formed due to complications of inflammation in the upper Airways when the patient received the wrong treatment. In this case, comes allergic to the active ingredients of certain medications.
Allergic sinusitis is accompanied not only poor health, but frequent sneezing and nasal congestion. Other signs include:
- the abundance of mucous secretion;
- redness of the nose and mucous membrane part;
- swelling of the face and neck;
- headache and temporal pain;
- weakness, malaise;
- pain on palpation of the sinuses;
- fear of light, and lacrimation;
- with the progression of the disease the patient has formed pus;
- body temperature above 38 degrees Celsius;
- nasal congestion, which intensifies by night.
Stuffy nose in sinusitis is not a complete cure. The appearance of such symptoms indicates the penetration of the allergen to the mucous part of the nose. Typically, such a process leads to the appearance of severe swelling.
In conjunction with the violation of nasal breathing, the patient is disturbed function of the sense of smell. In some cases patients complain not only about the loss of smell, but no sense of taste.
These signs provoke the appearance of pain in the head. Attacks of pain provokes coughing and frequent bismarckiana, as well as the frequent use of various vasoconstrictor drops. In this period can not do without painkillers, as the pain in the head can lead to insomnia.
This problem does not occur as an independent inflammation. Most often, allergic sinusitis occurs in people who are predisposed to this pathology or who has had allergic rhinitis in the recent time. In addition, prone to inflammation of this kind of illness people with a genetic predisposition.
Seeing that the root cause of the formation of sinus infection of this nature in most cases is the penetration of allergens into the respiratory tract, it is necessary to begin a comprehensive treatment. First, identify the type of allergen and eliminate it. Otherwise, the patient may feel strong itching and burning in the nasal cavity, and various rashes on the skin.
Symptoms of allergic sinusitis in children in each case may be different. Their severity and origin depends on the individual characteristics of the patient.
The necessary treatment
In the treatment of allergic sinusitis is necessary for a complete diagnosis and identify the allergen that caused the formation of inflammation.
Pathogenic allergen must be identified as soon as possible because without his determination it is impossible to start the course of treatment.
Only after a detailed examination and assignment of a clear diagnosis, the doctor prescribes a medication:
- To get rid of allergic sinusitis will help antihistamine drops and pills intended for oral administration. Best proved — Tavegil, Suprastin, Aerius, claritin, Zyrtec.
- Next, the doctor will prescribe nasal drops and sprays, are able to exert antiallergic effects. In this case, are assigned Chromogen, Kromogeksal, Bichromat, Kromo.
- In the course of treatment include the use of nasal anti-inflammatory drugs — Nasonex, Flixonase, Asacort, Mometasone, lower blood pressure mother, Nasobek.
These drugs can provide reduction in symptoms of inflammation. But for complex treatment requires taking antiseptic and antibacterial nasal sprays. It is best to apply Isopro or Polideksa. These medications are essential in allergic inflammation when in the nasal cavity, there are bacteria.
If the inflammation is accompanied by the bacteria, the full course of treatment chosen by the attending physician.
With allergic sinusitis, you need to moisturize the mucous cavity. This is assigned to the agent based on oil – Drops.
Concluding step will be the use of antiviral and immunomodulatory drugs.
These include Interferon Ingaron, Grippferon, Derinat, Timogen.
They affect the inflammation and have a beneficial effect on the immune system of the patient.
Drugs for treatment of allergic sinusitis it is better to choose individually.
Methods of alternative medicine
After the main treatment was made, the doctor may prescribe additional treatment, which includes application of some recipes of traditional medicine. They will have a beneficial effect on the nasal cavity and enhance the protective functions of the organism.
Traditional methods in allergic rhinitis should be administered only by a doctor, as some herbs can trigger the amplification of the inflammatory process.
In addition, it is important to know the technique of the procedures. Do not use the same tools twice, since a non-sterile instruments may cause a relapse.
Treatment of allergic sinusitis folk remedies involves the use of the following recipes:
- Boil in one Cup of boiled water two teaspoons of chamomile flower. The broth should infuse for thirty minutes in a dark place. After that, strain the solution and rinse the resulting broth passages of the nose.
- In the nasal passages is helpful, place a few drops of broth from the Daisy flower. To prepare the broth, pour a small amount of flowers in one Cup of hot water. The tool must be infused within two hours. Then insert the tool into the cavity of the nose each day for five days.
- To improve breathing you can use turundy soaked in olive oil or tea tree oil. Place the cords in the nasal cavity thirty minutes.
Use the recipes must be agreed with the doctor. Allergic reaction to the components, replace the ingredients more suitable.
Treatment sinusitis allergic nature caused by numerous signs. Unfortunately, to cure the inflammation is much more difficult than the usual sinusitis. Therefore, it is important to respect all appointments of the physician and try as quickly as possible to determine the type of allergen. Do not self-medicate, so as to determine the stimulus alone is not possible. The patient can only speculate about the true reason, but conclusions should be made by qualified doctor.
To prevent the formation of sinusitis, you need to know the rules prevention. It is important to completely eliminate any allergic foods and also cleaning in the living room several times a week. Do not store in the bedroom of objects that can accumulate dust.