Antibiotic in sinusitis in adults: the treatment and what to take
What antibiotics to take for sinusitis in adults?
Before you start taking antibiotics the patient should be tested for sensitivity to antibiotics. Funds are available in the form of tablets, drops, sprays and ampoules for injection.
Antibiotics for sinusitis in adults is prescribed only after determining the type of pathogen. You need to choose a drug that can destroy the infection.
The active ingredient of Sumamed is azithromycin, which inhibits protein synthesis in pathogenic microorganisms. It prevents the growth of harmful bacteria and causes their death. Doctors prescribe the drug in the treatment of infections of the upper respiratory tract.
When calculating the dose you need to take into account the body weight of the patient. 1 kg should have 10 mg of azithromycin. The duration of treatment is 3 days. The maximum daily dose should not exceed 500 mg.
Which antibiotic is better when sinusitis if the patient has high temperature? To help the patient is prescribed a drug with strong anti-bacterial effect. Among the most effective tools can be attributed Amoxiclav.
The preparation contains 2 active ingredients: amoxicillin and clavulanic acid. Amoxiclav kills harmful bacteria that provoke the development of sinusitis. Clavulanic acid has no antibacterial action. It only enhances the therapeutic effect of amoxicillin.
The drug destroys the cell structure of the bacteria. This leads to the death of pathogens. Clavulanic acid increases the duration of action of the drug. Daily dose of amoxicillin should not exceed 6 grams.
Patients are advised to take 1 tablet every 8 hours. Contraindications to the drug is hypersensitivity to the active substances.
To benefit funds can be attributed to the low cost. Cheap antibiotic helps to fight against broad spectrum of pathogenic microorganisms.
Macropen belongs to the macrolide antibiotics. In tablet contains 400 mg of midecamycin, which fights disease causing bacteria.
Inexpensive antibiotic if sinusitis cannot be used in the treatment of patients with hypersensitivity to midecamycine.
Means you need to take 1 tablet 3 times a day. The maximum daily dose for treatment in adults is 1.6 g.
Long-term use of Macropen may lead to bacteria resistant to the antibiotic.
Patients often ask the doctor what to drink during sinusitis? Breeding bacteria secrete large amounts of toxins. To remove the signs of intoxication and headache the patient should drink as much fluid as possible.
Curative effect have herbal concoctions with antimicrobial action. They could enhance the therapeutic effect of drugs.
The antibiotic pills pass through the digestive system of the patient. The active substance is absorbed in the intestine and enters the bloodstream.
Setrole contains azithromycin, which destroys streptococci, anaerobic bacteria and gram-negative bacteria.
The drug has no effect on pathogens resistant to erythromycin.
Bactericidal effect lasts for 7 days.
Antibacterial drug belongs to the group ftorhinolonov. Ofloxacin in sinusitis to be taken after food with liquid. The tool gets into the bloodstream and migrates to the site of inflammation.
The therapeutic effect of the drug lasts for about 4-7 hours. The duration of treatment should not exceed 1 days. Long-term use of Ofloxacin lead to addiction of pathogenic micro-organisms to the active substance. The tool destroys bifidobacteria and lactobacilli in the gut. This can lead to an imbalance of microflora.
The daily dose is determined by doctor based on the severity of the disease and the individual patient.
The antibiotic injections
Treatment of sinusitis with antibiotics, their names are of interest to many patients suffering from constant nasal discharge. Preparations in the form of injections administered in severe cases.
Solutions fast enough to penetrate into the patient’s blood and destroy the bacteria that caused the inflammation in the nasopharynx. Antibiotics for sinusitis prescribed to patients suffering from infectious forms of the disease.
The advantage of injections is that patients can avoid negative effects on the digestive system. There are several varieties of such drugs.
Ceftriaxone is a cephalosporin antibiotic. Crystalline white powder readily soluble in water.
The active substance is Ceftriaxone sodium.
The solution is administered intravenously and immediately enters the bloodstream. Ceftriaxone has an impact on the inflammation that develops in the mucous membranes of the nose.
The dosage depends on the patient’s age and severity of the disease. 1 vial contains 1 g of drug. Its contents should be dissolved in 3.6 ml of water.
Obstacle to the procedure is hypersensitivity to the drug. Patients in the treatment process, you may experience the following side effects: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
You cannot exceed the dosage indicated in the instructions. Take particular care to patients with abnormalities of the kidneys and liver. Ceftriaxone is contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to penicillin.
Effective antibiotics for sinusitis can save the patient from headaches and constant nasal discharge. As this drug can be used Cefazolin.
The solution has a bactericidal effect and is used in the treatment of various infectious diseases. Cephalosporin antibiotic available in the form of bottles that contain 500 mg of powder.
Antibiotics need to be administered intravenously or intramuscularly. The daily dose and duration of treatment chosen by the doctor based on the patient’s condition. Among the contraindications include diseases of the kidneys and liver, allergies to drugs tsefalosporinovoy group.
Important! The appearance of side effects should stop taking the drug and consult a doctor.
Drops and sprays
What antibiotics to take for sinusitis in adults? Experts consider the state of a patient suffering from a cold. Mild inflammation doctors prescribe patients with nasal drops and sprays with antibacterial effect.
The spray is available in bottles of 15 ml. they contain 12.5 mg of the active substance – framizetin. The tool is used in the treatment of sinusitis, rhinitis and rhinopharyngitis.
The drug can be introduced into the nasal passages more than 7 days, as the patient may experience side effects. Obstacle to treatment Isoroy is a high sensitivity to antibiotics of the aminoglycoside.
To get rid of the symptoms of a cold sufficient to inject the solution into the nasal passages 3 times a day.
In the case of prolonged cold, you can use Polideksa. This drug should not be used longer than 10 days. In the absence of the results of treatment need to think about changing medications.
The tool is produced in the form of drops and sprays. The formulation contains polymyxin, dexamethasone, and phenylephrine. With this composition solution has a complex effect on the patient. The tool has antihistamine, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effect.
The solution promotes healing of damaged tissues of the mucous membranes, reduces swelling and makes breathing easier. The polideksa you can’t use people suffering from glaucoma, as it increases the pressure.
Important! It is not necessary to bury the drug to patients with abnormal heart rhythm and kidney failure.
Before undergoing antibiotic therapy, an analysis of mucus accumulating in the sinuses. After determining the type of the pathogen, the doctor selects the most effective antibiotic. Excess doses can lead to serious consequences.
Pills pass through the digestive system of the patient and can cause dysbiosis. In the absence of positive results it is necessary to consult a doctor. In more severe cases doctors prescribe patients injections of antibacterial action.