Antibiotic when the sinusitis in adults: treatment with antibiotics
What antibiotics can treat sinusitis?
As soon as was first noticed the symptoms of sinusitis, it is necessary as soon as possible to begin treatment. Antibiotics for sinusitis in adults, has shown itself as an excellent method of treatment in some cases.
Sinusitis is the inflammation of the frontal sinuses. If you do not start treatment as soon as possible, very quickly can develop unpleasant complications, such as meningitis, which poses a direct threat to life.
How to choose the right antibiotic?
Antibacterials (antibiotics) have a different mechanism of action and structure, but despite this, they all with common characteristics, among which are 3 explicit:
- Antibiotics begin its work directly in the bacteria, not in the body.
- To choose the most effective drug in each individual case, it is necessary to determine the cause (pathogen).
- The effectiveness of the drug with each meal to decrease, is due to the development of bacterial resistance.
The specialist should accurately select the method of treatment based on the diagnosis. Viral sinusitis should be treated absolutely by other methods, than allergic, etc. Based on the principle of the use of antibiotics, note 2 of type of therapy.
Read in this article more what is sinusitis?
This treatment involves the application of a specific antibiotic aimed at the specific pathogen. This suggests that before the use of such means was carried out all the procedures regarding identification of the causative agent and its sensitivity to a specific segment of antibiotics.
When the reason inflammatory process is multiple bacteria (pathogens), the specialist assigns a single active drug or a course of several vehicles simultaneously. Bioparox when sinusitis in this case, can serve as an additional tool to the already developed complex measures.
In fairness, it should be noted that in practice, it is not always possible to accurately determine a particular bacteria and its sensitivity to the drug (antibiogram). Therefore, choose this method of treatment in which the chosen tool is effective against the most likely pathogen.
As for the course, method of administration of the drug and its dosage, it will all be determined by a diagnostic and collected the data of anamnesis, where it will precisely defined the degree of severity of the disease.
- Light and medium degree of gravity, allowing you to take oral antibiotics.
- Severe inflammatory processes implies a parenteral dose.
- At the advanced degree or when there are serious complications, are assigned a maximum permissible dose, intravenous.
You must understand that the effectiveness of treatment can be assessed only after 2-3 days. If the desired result was not achieved, there is a replacement drug.
Thanks to modern drugs, it is possible to minimize the percentage of punctures. And the local introduction of antibacterial agents is applied very rarely because of the morbidity of this procedure.
There are some funds in the form of a spray that you are using the endonasal. One of these showed Izofra in the frontal sinusitis. As active substances are used aminoglycosides. However, its application is effective only when the catarrhal form of frontal sinusitis.
The initial stage of sinusitis can be treated at home. About how to do it correctly, read here.
Antibiotics for sinusitis
- Penicillin group.
Treatment of sinusitis with antibiotics of the penicillin group is very common, due to their powerful bactericidal effect. These drugs became popular due to their low level of toxicity, high efficiency and wide range of permissible dosages.
For acute phase of sinusitis most suitable Ampicillin and Amoxicillin. It is important to understand that if after taking these antibiotics takes place allergic reaction, you need another group of antibiotics, e.g. macrolides.
If after 3 days, there was obtained a positive effect, money from this group must be replaced by Amoxiclav (also helps with sinusitis). Thanks to its unique composition, pathogenic bacteria are not able to develop resistance to Penicillin.
- The group of cephalosporins
This group of drugs shows the same positive effect as the previous one. However, 10% of all patients experience mild side effects. It is often sufficient to accept the tool is not more than 1 times a day. The most effective of this group are Suprax and Ceftriaxone.
- The group of macrolides
Preparations of this group, often used only in case of allergic reactions to the previous two groups. Means possess immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory and bacteriostatic effect. Is mainly used:
- The roxithromycin.
If you decide to take additional drops in the nose from sinusitis, it is understood that they will be effective only in the removal of swelling of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity or enhance the flow of mucus from the frontal sinus. This additional set of measures to antibiotics.
As between sinusitis and sinusitis a lot in common, read this article, other treatments of these diseases.
Self-medication for the sinusitis is unacceptable. It is fraught with serious consequences. At the first sign of the disease, you must consult a specialist and undergo all the procedures for accurate diagnosis and consideration of further treatment.