Antibiotic when the sinusitis in children — how to choose
What antibiotics can make children with sinusitis?
Inflammation of the maxillary sinuses in children is perceived particularly painfully. In connection with the anatomical structure of the nasal cavity of the child, accumulation of mucus can’t leave nasal passages on their own. Therefore, with the progression of the disease, the baby often feels pressure in the nose, pain in paranasal sinuses, fever and other symptoms. They appear due to the development in the mucous secretion of the pathogenic organisms which provoke the formation of purulent sinusitis.
In this case, to get rid of the inflammation possible only with the help of antibacterial therapy. Antibiotic for children is also necessary if a baby has a weak immune system and there is a risk of complications of the disease. Choose the drug you need with the help of a qualified physician; therefore, any independent solution is unacceptable.
What is sinusitis
Sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. The disease is accompanied by severe symptoms. If the kid already knows how to talk, he usually complains of pain, feeling of heaviness and pressure, between the eyebrows, the abundance of mucous secretion, which can stagnate in the sinuses.
In addition, the small patient may appear wanton cry, fever, nasal congestion. Such symptoms should alert the parents. When inflammation of sinusitis it is important to notice the symptoms and quickly start treatment.
Keep in mind that baby maxillary sinus differ from the structure of adults, so the disease is especially hard. Due to the fact that passages are quite loose, and the nose narrow, the mucus will not leave nasal passages on their own, so the disease can not pass by itself.
When a cluster of watery secretion, bacteria multiply much faster. In this case, the antibiotics to a child simply necessary.
How to select an antibiotic when the sinusitis in children
Antibiotics for sinusitis are appointed only after a thorough examination. In the first days of the disease antibiotic therapy is not a pressing need, so the patient has time to complete all the necessary research body.
If the disease persists and no improvement occurs, the antibiotics act as a primary treatment.
Amoxiclav is included in penicillin group and is considered a broad-spectrum drug. Its active ingredient is produced synthetically, but in spite of this, Amoxiclav often prescribed for the disease of the paranasal ways in a child.
Drug resistant against a large number of harmful bacteria, including strains. The effect of the drug occurs after one hour, full recovery occurs seven days after the start of treatment.
Amoxiclav can apply in the case of an infectious inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, including acute sinusitis, otitis media or tonsillitis. Amoxiclav often prescribed for sinusitis as a primary treatment.
To use the drug in the treatment of children should inside. For a child sufficiently to thirty milligrams of the drug per day. Best medicine to divide into two doses: morning and evening.
Children over five years of dosing may be increased to forty milligrams per day. But in this case, divide the reception for three times.
To treat the child, the doctor may prescribe a semi-synthetic drug from the group of penicillins – Ampicillin. It can be used in acute or chronic sinusitis with three months, however, inflammation of the paranasal sinuses is usually at this age is not found.
The drug is aimed at the destruction of the bacteria after the first reception, but for permanent results, the doctor prescribes a seven-day course of treatment. The active component of the drug acts in such a way that it prevents the growth of bacteria and impairs the synthesis of pathogenic organisms.
Do not use Ampicillin in case of special sensitivity to the penicillins, and in the case of liver failure, disease of the gastrointestinal tract, with lymphatic leukemia. Ampicillin is strictly prohibited for children under the age of one month.
Keep in mind! Ampicillin cannot be taken if the sinusitis came from penitsillinazoobrazuyuschih strains. In this case, the antibiotic is not effective.
In case of tremor, seizures, bleeding, anemia, pain in the head, the drug should be immediately stopped.
In bacterial lesions of the paranasal sinuses of a child specialist can prescribe the drug Amoxicillin. It has a broad spectrum of action and in a short time restores the function of the paranasal ways.
With proper drug destroys the inflammation, violates the permeability of affected cells and removes them from the body.
Amoxicillin is needed in acute lesions of the paranasal sinuses, chronic disease sinusitis and bacterial pharyngitis.
To take the drug need inside, washed down a pill with a little water. The course of treatment with Amoxicillin lasts about ten days, depending on the type of inflammation. Doctors advise to take the drug after a full recovery within two days.
Important! If the sinusitis has arisen due to the Streptococcus, treatment should continue for at least twelve days.
A strong antibacterial drug Roxithromycin. Semisynthetic antibiotic in the group of macrolides. It inhibits the reaction of harmful microorganisms and suspends the process of reproduction.
Once inside the affected cells, the active substance of the drug quickly destroys them and excretes.
It is impossible to use Roxithromycin for the treatment of children with special sensitivity to the composition of the drug, and if the baby is not yet two months old. In the absence of contraindications Roxithromycin is appointed twice a day.
Kids already under the age of twelve months, you can apply one tablet.
With Roxithromycin can reduce symptoms and eliminate inflammation of pharyngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, and bacterial infection in the upper respiratory tract.
In addition to pills, your doctor may prescribe a reception suspension of Roxithromycin. Dosing in each case is selected based on the weight of the baby, type of irritant, and the severity of symptoms.
Known antibacterial drug for the treatment of bacterial infections caused by sensitive organisms, and also in the respiratory tract of the baby is assigned to Clarithromycin.
In addition to effects on bacteria, Clarithromycin exerts bacteriostatic action. The drug should not be applied with special sensitivity to erythromycin and other active components of the drug.
Other contraindications include concomitant use of Clarithromycin and pimozide. Therefore, before prescribing medication, consult your doctor.
To use the drug in the treatment of children from six months to two times a day half tablet per dose. The course of treatment lasts not less than ten days.
With the appearance of pain in the head, anxiety and fear in a child receiving the drug should be suspended. These symptoms indicate side effect.
Remember! Important limitations include the age of six months.
Another means of broad – spectrum action Azithromycin. Medication is often prescribed for the treatment of children from three months with inflammation of the respiratory tract and bacterial disease development.
The effect of the drug is aimed at the destruction of pathogenic organisms and growth inhibition of peptidtranslokazu still being broadcast. Thus, Azithromycin destroys the inflammation in the early stages. Despite this, the course of treatment with this medication should be not less than ten days.
If you notice an improvement in the health of the baby, to stop the drug banned. In case of failure of antibiotic you can provoke a relapse.
The antibiotic included in the group of macrolides-azalides. Medicines from this category are assigned only after consultation with your doctor. At the meeting it is necessary to determine dosing, so as in each case the required quantity of tablets is considered individually.
A wide spectrum of activity has an antibiotic Sumamed. It is prescribed for pharyngitis, sinusitis, otitis media, labyrinth and other inflammations of ENT organs.
The active ingredient of the medicine can kill the disease in the acute phase.
Contraindications of the drug include a special child sensitivity to antibiotics of the macrolides, as well as dysfunction of the liver and kidneys.
To treat toddler Sumamed assigned in suspension. For a baby under one should 17 ounces of powder per day. For the treatment of older children is assigned to 23 milliliters per day.
Shelf life of finished suspension lasts no longer than five days. To keep a product should be refrigerated.
If during the reception of the medicament of the baby came, tremor, headache, dizziness, nausea, discontinue the drug and go consult a doctor.
Treatment with antibiotics requires responsibility and the right approach. You cannot assign the drug without consulting with your doctor. You should not take antibiotics at the beginning of the disease, when the disease can get rid of the more conservative ways.
At prescription of antibiotics it is necessary to strictly follow the dosage and not to violate the rules of the drug.