Antibiotics for cervical erosion: indications
Cervical erosion is a gynecologic pathology that is diagnosed almost every other Mature female. Abnormal change in the cells of the mucosa in some cases can lead to malignant transformation of tissues. The potential threat of cancer is reason enough to treat erosion seriously.
What is erosion?
The Latin word erosio translates as «corrosion, erosion». This term perfectly describes the processes occurring in the mucosa of the female genital organs in this disease. Under the influence of external factors, there is exfoliation of epithelial lining is formed unhealed for a long time, the wound.
At first, the pathology affects only the surface of the cervix, without affecting deeper layers. Often the defect is so slight that the woman does not even know about the developing the disease. But the erosion progresses, the site of the sores appear extraneous to this area of the body cells: here the cells migrate cylindrical epithelium lining the cervical canal. This condition is called ectopia.
Strangers are restless, change can start to divide uncontrollably and to make a real mess. This is already a precancerous stage, which is one step before cancer.
It should also mention the pseudo observed in girls during adolescence. Anomalies in the structure of the epithelial lining of the cervix they have caused disruptions in the embryonic period of development. This state is temporary, in most cases, the pathology disappears by the time of puberty.
Of course, not always cervical erosion leads to cancer of the genital organs, but such a possibility exists, therefore, to start treatment as soon as possible.
How does erosion?
Superficial ulcer in the mucosa of the cervix in most cases does not manifest itself in any external symptoms. A woman finds out about a problem only during routine gynaecological examination.
Visually, the erosion looks like the damaged area of the uterine cervix rounded shape and bright red color. When touched bleeding occurs.
Progressing, the disease begins to brighten to show itself:
- a woman experiences nagging groin pain, which can be heightened during sexual contacts;
- in some cases, disturbed menstrual cycle;
- there are abundant vaginal discharge without peculiar smell, sometimes with blood.
Erosion caused by the infection has a different clinical picture, due to the activities of pathogenic microbes:
- pain and itching in the vagina;
- abundant foamy or purulent discharge is greenish, grayish or brown color with an unpleasant odor.
What external factors affect the mucous lining of the cervix, causing damage and causing the erosion?
- Mechanical trauma to the genital tract, obtained during sex, surgical procedures, childbirth.
- Strong and long-lasting inflammatory process of infectious or noninfectious nature.
- The probability of negative events is significantly increased on the background of General weakening of the body, hormonal instability, reduced immune strength.
In the course of diagnostics it is important to identify the root cause of the disease, because it determines the course of treatment. In the presence of an infectious process it is necessary to ascertain the species of the pathogen to choose the most effective medicine.
Treatment of cervical erosion: General principles
Treat erosion it is necessary, as it has a bad habit to increase and thereby lead to various complications up to cervical cancer. This is especially important for patients older than 30 years old who have experienced or having a family history of cases of cancer. The development of pathology should be carefully monitored, whatever its causes.
Given the nature and specifics of the disease, treatment can be divided into two stages.
- Elimination of provoking damaging factors (hormonal imbalance, infection);
- Direct impact on the lesion, destruction of abnormal cells, healing of wound — cauterization, cryosurgery, heliopolice.
In addition, a restorative therapy are vitamins, immunomodulators.
Treatment of cervical erosion: antibiotics
Infection of the female genital tract, including sexually transmitted diseases, can cause strong inflammation of the tissues, leading to erosion. Of course, to win pathology without addressing its root cause, is impossible. So the first thing the doctor seeks to cure the infection.
Antibiotics do not treat the very erosion. Their task — the fight against pathogenic microbes causing the disease.
Antibiotics and synthetic antibacterial drugs affect the infectious process: slow growth, inhibit the proliferation of or destroy the cell structure. In addition, drugs capable of stimulating the immune response of the body, prompting him to defend himself.
This group of drugs is widely used in gynecology for the treatment of erosions, colpitis, septic complications, and as a prophylaxis after surgery and radiotherapy.
The spectrum of action of different drugs varies considerably. Some antibiotics are active against many groups of pathogens is chloramphenicol, aureomycin, biomitsin, Sarasin etc. Others have a more narrow spectrum of activity — for example, penicillin and streptomycin.
You should not self-medicate!
Antibiotic therapy should be carried out strictly under the supervision of a physician, and unquestioning compliance to this rule there are at least two reasons:
- based on the test results, the doctor selects the most efficient preparation with a specific activity against a particular pathogen;
- that in small doses is medicine, in large — becomes poison. Illiterate used antibiotics have a negative impact on the patient’s body and do more harm than good.
Cervical erosion may seem at first glance a minor issue, but it can lead to very unpleasant consequences. Sore on the mucous membrane can be a terrible harbinger of cancer. Any disease can be defeated, if the time to start a fight, so upon reaching puberty, women are recommended to undergo regular gynecological examinations.