Antibiotics for ear infection in adults: what to take
What antibiotics to take for an ear infection?
Disease of the ears can occur suddenly and cause severe discomfort. Not only that, the patient experiences severe pain in the ears, and sometimes scalp, many patients complain of a significant deterioration in hearing, the appearance of different sounds in the ears, as well as a violation of the vestibular system and dizziness. With such symptoms you must immediately go to the doctor for resolution of diagnosis and treatment.
Acute symptoms, when the patients feel unstable, there is a loss of function, severe fatigue and enduring the pain necessary antibiotics. Which antibiotics for an ear infection actually effective, let us examine the present material.
About ear infections
Diseases of the ear can occur due to several reasons. Most often the inflammation occurs due to the following reasons:
- frostbite or prolonged exposure under sunlight;
- injury to ear during the game or insect bite;
- the effects of a cold or flu;
- the ingress of a foreign object in the ear canal;
- fluid retention;
- the penetration of viruses and bacteria, which provoke the formation of otitis media.
These characteristics provoke a variety of symptoms among which the most often seen ear pain and dizziness and nausea. Other symptoms include:
- shooting pains in the ears;
- pain in the temporal part of the head and the frontal bone;
- different selection of the mucous or purulent character;
- stuffy ears;
- partial or complete hearing loss.
To set the signs and causes can, however, make an accurate diagnosis can only qualified doctor. Therefore, to seek medical help is necessary when the first factors to poor health.
At the initial stage of the disease the patient is prescribed ear drops like Otipaks or Otinum.
In the case of more severe forms when the ear infection in adults antibiotics – Anuran, Garazon, Polideksa and other ear drops, including antibiotics.
The next step on the road to recovery would be the use of lotions and tinctures. Often at this stage doctors are allowed alternative treatment. We know that the roots of many herbs and flowers of plants can eliminate the symptoms of otitis media better than the use of drugs.
However, using the recipes of traditional medicine is unacceptable, because the improper use of herbs can worsen the situation.
After the destruction of symptoms of otitis, the patient should undergo physiotherapy: heat therapy, the blue lamp, massage on hearing AIDS and other techniques are required to restore hearing.
How to cure the disease of the ears with antibiotics
After precise diagnosis, you need to choose a competent course of treatment. The correct treatment for otitis media in adults will be antibiotics. They come in the form of tablets, injections and drops for the ears. The choice in this case depends on the nature of the disease and its duration.
Consider the most effective antibiotics for an ear infection.
In the acute form of the disease, the patient needs the drug, which belongs to the cephalosporin series – Augmentin.
Tablets comprising amoxicillin and a specialized acid, destroys the inflammation, and the additional components derive germs ten hours after ingestion.
But in spite of this, take the drug should be at least five days.
Many patients are making a big mistake by discontinuing the use for the improvement of health. However, in this case, a recurrence of the inflammation.
The mode of application of medicine is necessary to clarify with the physician as the dosage depends on the nature of the disease, patient’s age, his weight.
Normally, when not acute otitis media patients over the age of twelve years is fixed at 250 milligrams three times a day. When more serious disease is prescribed 500 milligrams three times per day.
Another effective antibiotic – Amoxicillin. Each tablet of Amoxicillin is excipients in the form of magnesium, carmoisine and other components and an active component that contributes to the recovery of the patient within seven days after the start of medication.
The drug is released strictly on prescription, so is assigned only to the attending physician.
The drug has antimicrobial effect and is permitted for use in the case of acute symptoms of otitis media.
Its action this drug inhibits the activation of microbes that cause disease.
If after taking Amoxicillin, you have an allergic reaction in form of itching, burning, nausea, or dizziness the drug should be replaced by analogues.
With the appearance of unwanted effects, contact your doctor.
In consultation with your doctor, you must alert the technician about any medication you are taking at the moment. As the tool is incompatibility with some components, it is necessary to reduce the risk before the start of medication.
Another tool that has a wide range of actions is called Ciprofloxacin.
This drug comes from the fluoroquinolone group, which allows the use of medicine as a germicide in the case of acute otitis media or with strong dizziness, nausea and vomiting, associated with the disruption of the maze.
Ciprofloxacin inhibits the growth and reproduction of infected cells, resulting in the death of affected cells.
Despite the many positive factors, drug use is forbidden in case of hypersensitivity to fluoroquinolones, as well as do not take the drug in conjunction with a number of medicines. It is therefore necessary to clarify this question personally, with your doctor.
The drug is prohibited to receive up to the full formation of the human skeleton, so doctors do not recommend therapy until 18 years of age and during lactation and gestation.
In other cases, use Ciprofloxacin need one tablet with a size of 250 milligrams in the morning and evening for five days.
In acute forms of otitis media is not enough the use of common antibiotics. For a comprehensive treatment necessary ear drops. Often, specialists prescribe drops Sofradeks.
With gramicidin and dexamethasone actively complement each other and have a devastating effect on germs and viruses, which formed the otitis.
Therefore, these substances in the composition of the Sofradeks, considered the most effective in the treatment of otitis.
Instilled into the ears Sofradeks necessary only after prescription. The dosage in each case must be individually set, as the number of drops depends on the shape of the disease.
Usually, patients with the acute form prescribed five drops three times a day. Once the symptoms are reduced the number of drops is reduced to three. To enter they should be every day for seven consecutive days.
In order to reduce pain and eliminate the disease use drops Polideksa.
They have potent antimicrobial activity along with the anti-inflammatory effect.
So take Polideksa possible in chronic inflammation of the ears, as well as diffuse inflammation.
Make a drop at an early age is prohibited, as the drug has a negative influence on the immature organism. In addition, among the contraindications of the drug observed a ban on treatment during pregnancy and in the period of purulent secretions.
When severe pain, and lesions of the ears enter four drops once a day or divide the reception into two introductions. Bury Polideksa importance of not missing a single day for one week.
Drop, produced in Italy, called Anuran known on the Russian market about ten years. They have a cooling effect, thanks to the lidocaine. And due to the action of polymyxin b, the drug eliminates germs, which originated the inflammation.
Experts prescribe Anuran in chronic diseases, as well as diffuse otitis and acute otitis media, provided the integrity of the eardrum.
Among the contraindications separately noted the prohibition of treatment during pregnancy, as the advantage in this case is less than the harm to the fetus.
To enter into the ears of Anuran after the ear cleaning from sulfur and dirt. Bury should be five drops twice a day.
In the case of the treatment of children only three drops. Treatment data drops should be at least five days but not to exceed seven days.
Another drops with an antibiotic from the fluoroquinolones group – Cipromed.
They have a effective effect almost immediately after the introduction in the ears, but can cause allergic reactions. So before you buy, read the official manual.
With a sharp education of the ear inflammation of Cipromed is having a good effect, therefore its use is permitted in the treatment of children from one year.
When lesions of the ears, you need to apply one or two drops in each ear.
After full recovery enter Cipromed another forty eight hours.
Thus, you will avoid the complications of the disease and its repetition.
Treatment of acute forms of ear inflammation requires a holistic approach. Therefore, before starting therapy pass examination of ears and identify the exact cause of ear pain. In this case, you can avoid relapse and to eliminate the risk of the disease in the future.
The integrated approach involves not only the therapy with antibacterial drugs, but physiotherapy and other treatments.
Remember that when the ear disease self healing can lead to the rupture of membranes, complications of the nature of inflammation and the transition to the chronic stage.