A bad headache in the temples
Headache is one of the most common problems for which people resort to self-medication over-the-counter painkillers. Almost always these drugs help to reduce the discomfort, but the cause is not eliminated, although that is necessary to begin treatment. In this article we will look at why there is pain in his temples.
The main causes of headaches localized in my temples
It is important to understand that any headache does not occur just like that. That there is always a reason, often quite serious, requiring immediate treatment. Pain in the left or right temple (or both temples at once) is most often caused by:
- Cerebral angiodystonia, that is, violations of a tone of vessels that supply blood to the brain.
- Autonomic dysfunction – disorders of the autonomic nervous system, regulating the activity of virtually all internal organs, including brain vessels.
- Of raised intracranial pressure.
- Of atherosclerosis.
- Temporal arteritis.
- Trigeminal neuralgia.
- Diseases of the joints between the temporal bone and upper jaw.
- Head injuries.
- Intoxication (the most common among them alcoholic).
- Mental disorders.
- Stress (mental and physical).
- Hormonal imbalance (pain often occurs in periods of active synthesis of sex hormones, for example, teenagers during puberty, or, conversely, during extinction of sexual function in the menopause).
- Tumors of the brain.
- Eating foods containing nitrites, monosodium glutamate and other preservatives, dyes, flavor enhancers.
Particularly pain in the temples at different pathologies
To assume the cause of the pain in the temple can the nature of these sensations. In case of violation of cerebral circulation unpleasant aching pain in the temples appears at any time of the day. In hypertension, patients complain that in the temples and the back of his head as if knocking and pulsating the blood or something presses on whiskey. To cause an increase in pressure and thus the origin of the pain may change in the weather (geomagnetic storms), emotional arousal, physical exertion and fatigue.
In the case of migraine headache is very strong, and usually on one side. Isolated pain on the left or right at the temple also characteristic of trigeminal neuralgia, inflammatory and degenerative processes in the temporomandibular joint (provided that in the pathological process involved only one connection). When these pathology the pain is worse when chewing, opening mouth, and even conversation.
Older people have pain in one of the temples can be caused by inflammation of the temporal artery wall (arteritis). This is a fairly rare chronic disease, which occurs due to the autoimmune damage of the arteries. The pathological changes usually are not limited only to the temporal artery, the process may extend to the carotids and the large vessels providing blood to the organ of vision that is fraught with the development of blindness. Pain in temporal arteritis, as a rule, very intense and throbbing, worse when touching the affected vessel.
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Overvoltage (prolonged mental and physical work) there is pressing pain in both temples (like on his head wearing a close cap or wrap). In addition to pain, a feeling of stiffness in the muscles. For example, if a person sat at a computer in an uncomfortable position, the muscles of the neck, head, back as if numb, significantly worsening their blood supply, which affects the General state of the employee.
Food, causes pain in the temples
Wellbeing in large measure depends on what he eats. For example, some food products can cause severe headache localized mainly in the forehead and temples. The main role in the emergence of such pain belongs to a variety of synthetic substances that are added to food to improve its taste, appearance changes, consistency, etc. are Most dangerous in this respect are the following products:
- Any processed foods.
- Condiments and spices, but not all, you must always watch their composition.
- All kinds of ketchups and sauces.
- Chips, nuts, crackers, etc.
- Products of meat-processing plants. Virtually all sausages, salmon, pork rolls and pate added nitrites, MSG and other chemicals.
People who prefer such food products, headache may acquire a resistant chronic. In addition, it is worth noting that headaches often arise on the background of dehydration, so in hot weather it is advisable to always carry a bottle of plain water.
What to do if you have a headache in the temples?
If the headache persists or does not pass after taking pain medication, be sure to go to the doctor (this may be a GP or a neurologist). In such situations, it is important to pass the qualified examination and to reveal the true cause of the pain, because the consequences of untreated vascular disorders, neuralgia, arterial, hypertension and tumors can be very serious (including death).
Self-treatment for headaches is unacceptable, since almost all pain medications long-term use negatively affect the condition of the gastrointestinal tract, but do not eliminate the cause of unpleasant sensations, but merely disguise them. Traditional methods in the best case, also provide only temporary relief, at worst ineffective or harmful to health.