After a stroke paralyzed the left or right side

Paralysis after a stroke, leads to permanent loss of motor function of limbs. This complicates the patient’s life and requires constant care. Early initiation of recovery procedures help to restore lost function and returns the patient to his former life. It all depends on the level of injury, timeliness of treatment and patience of the patient and also caring.

A stroke is a brain disease that occurs as a result of spasm or blockage by a clot. All complications that occur after a stroke depend on the location of the lesion. Clinical manifestations depend on which of the areas of the brain affected. With the defeat of the left parts of the brain changes in the muscles occur on the right side of the body, in right hand stroke movement disorders are visible on the left side. Unilateral paresis (e.g., right arm and leg) is called hemiparesis.

Paresis and paralysis are the most frequent consequences of stroke. On the background of cerebral symptoms (headache, nausea, vomiting, loss of consciousness) will be marked and specific disorders specific to lesions of particular areas of the brain. Only an experienced doctor in the clinical picture will be able to tell in what part of the brain had a stroke.

What happens when you stroke the right side of the brain?

  • After a stroke paralyzed the left side of the body. The paralysis of muscles may initially be atonic (sluggish) and then spazmirovannah (hypertonicity). The patient can not feel the right side can’t move my right arm or leg, unable to exercise even basic movement.
  • Disturbance of sensation (no feeling of pain, touch to the skin on the right side of the body).
  • Broken memory.
  • If the patient is left – handed, he in right hand stroke will be a violation of the understanding and pronunciation of words.
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Left-sided stroke. Symptoms

  • Violation of pronunciation of words. The patient will experience slurred speech, he will not understand what he is told by others. His word will remind the individual sounds or fragmentary phrase.
  • The patient will find it difficult to write or read, he will not understand their actions. In addition, there will be a violation of verbal memory. Starting offer, the patient may not finish.
  • The right side of the body (face, muscles) will be paralyzed. Muscles become spasmatic, but the movement in the limbs will be impossible.
  • Sometimes can be spontaneous movement in the arm or leg (synkinesis).
  • Sensitivity disorder – the patient will not feel, when you touch or hurt his paralyzed limbs.
  • Depression and isolation – the characteristics of the left-sided stroke.

Looks like a paralysis of the left side? Limb is forced an unnatural position. Arm is bent at the elbow, held close to the body, the hand balled in a fist. Leg, by contrast, will be straight, and stop deployed inside. If you do not begin rehabilitation immediately, the position of the limbs are fixed, the joints develop contractures (limitation of movement), restoration of motion in the extremities will be difficult.
После инсульта парализована левая или правая сторона

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Treatment of hemiparesis

Therapeutic measures should begin as early as possible. While the patient cannot move the limbs, to help him in this.

  • The treatment status. The paralyzed arm should be fully straighten out and lay on a stool, leaning against the bed. Under the shoulder joint to reduce pain, put a cushion or pillow. Arm should be at a right angle from the body. The brush is applied to the Longuet to unclench your fist, you can add a sinker weighing a pound and a half. Shoulder joint, arm and hand should be in the same plane and be parallel to the floor. Paralyzed leg while bent at the knee, the foot should be flexed at a right angle. After some time, the patient should turn to a healthy direction. The position of the patient is changing hands in exactly the opposite – it bent in the elbow and shoulder joints, are placed on the body and the affected leg bent at the hip and knee joints. So you need to turn the patient every 2 hours, except for sleeping, feeding, massage and gymnastics.
  • Massage you can begin a few weeks after a stroke. A relaxing massage is carried out on the flexor muscles of the arms and extensor muscles of the legs. Restorative massage is carried out on the extensors of the hands and the flexors of the legs. The procedure should be daily, preferably at the same time for half an hour.
  • The passive movement. This is a mandatory procedure when hemiparesis. It improves blood circulation in the joints, stimulates the appearance of active movements of the patient. Exercises should begin with the shoulder and knee joints on the arms and finish the small joints of the hand. Legs – start with the hip and knee joint and end joints of the foot. First you need to develop a healthy way, then work with the one that was paralyzed. The movement should be slow and complete as possible. Gymnastics is preferably carried out twice a day, for the first time – after the massage.